Jaffa Light

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Jaffa Light
Jaffa Phare.JPG
Jaffa Light in 2006
Jaffa Light is located in Israel
Jaffa Light
Location Jaffa, Israel
Coordinates 32°3′12.45″N 34°45′1.82″E / 32.0534583°N 34.7505056°E / 32.0534583; 34.7505056Coordinates: 32°3′12.45″N 34°45′1.82″E / 32.0534583°N 34.7505056°E / 32.0534583; 34.7505056
Year first constructed 1865
Year first lit 1936
Deactivated 1966
Construction concrete tower with lantern and gallery
Tower shape cylindrical with four ribs
Markings / pattern red and white horizontal bands
Height 10 metres (33 ft)
Characteristic four white flashes, every 14s[1]
ARLHS number ISR-005

Jaffa Light (Hebrew: מגדלור יפו‎, not to be confused with Cape Jaffa Light) is a lighthouse in Jaffa, Israel. It is located on a hilltop above the old Jaffa Port. It operated between 1865 and 1966, although it is still used as a daylight navigation aid.[2]

The lighthouse is fenced and closed to the public, though the site is open.

The lighthouse appeared on a stamp issued in 26 November 2009 in Israel.[1]

History[edit]

Jaffa Light was built by French engineers[3][4] in 1865. It was built as part of operations carried out by the Ottoman authorities to improve the port facilities, mainly due to the increase in export of citrus fruit, and especially oranges, the well known "Jaffa oranges".

In 1936 the British expanded the port and rebuilt the lighthouse.[1][5]

In 1965 Port of Ashdod was built, replacing Jaffa Port. In 1966 the crystal glass was taken to be used in the Ashdod Light, and the lighthouse was shut down.[5] Jaffa Port become a small craft port.

The lighthouse keeper from 1875 was an Armenian who came from Jerusalem. He was trained by the same French company who built the lighthouse. Around 1938 his son was trained by the same French company and replaced him, probably as result of the lighthouse being rebuilt. His grandson, Abu George, was the "technician", responsible for keeping the lamp lit. The son was the official keeper until the lighthouse was shut down in 1966.[4]

The lamp on the 1936 lighthouse was a Carbide lamp.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Jaffa Light, c. 1900
  1. ^ a b c "Lighthouses in Israel". Philately News. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  2. ^ Amit Harry (25 August 2009). "טיפים לשטים בנמל יפו" [Tips for Sailing in the Jaffa Port]. Jaffa Portal. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  3. ^ "מגדלי אור והיסטוריה בחופי ישראל" [Lighthouses and History at the Shores of Israel]. Sailing News Magazine. Retrieved 2010-07-19. 
  4. ^ a b c "חופי הכרך תל אביב יפו" [On the waterfront Tel-Aviv Jaffa]. shezaf.net. Retrieved 27 July 2010.  Note that Abu George is quoted saying "I had to watch the Carbide lamp, feed it kerosene every two hours.", which makes little sense.
  5. ^ a b "מדריך טיולים - יפו העתיקה" [Old Jaffa - Tour Guide]. travel-israel.co.il. Retrieved 2 August 2010.