Jaffna Palace ruins
History and Inception
The palace and a flower garden was built by a Tamil king named Koolanghai in 104 AD.
There were two main roadways and four temples at the four gateways that have now been destroyed. The rebuilt temples that exist now do not match their original locations which instead are occupied by churches erected by the Portuguese. The center of the city was Muthirai Santhai (market place) and was surrounded by a square fortification around it. There were courtly buildings for the Kings, Brahmin priests, soldiers and other service providers in the palace premises. The old Nallur Kandaswamy temple functioned as a defensive fort with high walls. In general, the palace and the city was laid out like the traditional temple towns in South India.
The Jaffna Palace was significantly damaged during the Portuguese conquest of the Jaffna Kingdom. The fall of Cankili II, the last of the ruling dynasty at the hands of a 5000 men-strong Portuguese invaders inevitably meant the fall of the Jaffna Throne and Portuguese Imperialism.
Over the next 40 years, the Portuguese destroyed every Hindu temple in the region and the Saraswathy Mahal library in Nallur, the royal repository of all literary output of the kingdom.
- Abeysinghe, T Jaffna Under the Portuguese, p.4
- Gunasingam, M Sri Lankan Tamil Nationalism, p.54
- Codrington, Humphry William. "Short history of Sri Lanka:Dambadeniya and Gampola Kings (1215–1411)". Lakdiva.org. Retrieved 2007-11-25.
- Jaffna Palace Ruins
- "Nallur Rajadhani: City Layout". V.N.Giritharan. Retrieved 2007-12-02.
- "Places of interest in Jaffna". Urlaub-sr-lanka.info. 2013-01-19. Retrieved 2013-11-28.
- "Rise of ruins from ravages of war". Sundaytimes.lk. Retrieved 2013-11-28.