Jagadhri

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Jagadhri
जगाधरी
city
An old colony of Jagadhri
An old colony of Jagadhri
Jagadhri is located in Haryana
Jagadhri
Jagadhri
Location in Haryana, India
Coordinates: 30°10′05″N 77°18′04″E / 30.168°N 77.301°E / 30.168; 77.301Coordinates: 30°10′05″N 77°18′04″E / 30.168°N 77.301°E / 30.168; 77.301
Country  India
State Haryana
District Yamuna Nagar
Elevation 263 m (863 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 101,300
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 135003
Telephone code 1732
Vehicle registration HR-02

Jagadhri is a city and a municipal council in Yamuna Nagar district in the Indian state of Haryana. This town is a part of twin towns, constituting Jagadhri and Yamuna Nagar; Jagadhri is the older one and the latter a relatively new town. There is hardly any demarcation between the two towns and almost impossible, without knowing, where one town ends and where other starts DARSHAN KHERA last municipal council president

History[edit]

The town is famous for its metal works & brassware including utensils; though nowadays the production of brass ware has fallen off, due to high cost. Subsequently, Jagadhari entered into and made its mark in high quality Aluminium and stainless steel products. In addition, Jagadhri has also witnessed the blossoming of a new business, timber trading, in the last decade. There are many shops doing this business these days.

There are many old temples also, such as LathMar Mandir, Khera Mandir, Gauri Shankar Mandir and Guga Madi Mandir, Devi Mandir (Mansa Devi).

Industry[edit]

Sohan Brass Industries, Jagadhri Manufacturer & Supplier of Non-Ferrous Metal Alloys & Casting

-Northern Railway Workshop, which employs thousands of employees, is the town's largest single industry, after that the Shree Gopal Paper Mills of Ballarpur Industries Limited is the town's second biggest industry. The third largest employer is Saraswati Sugar Mills & ISGEC, perhaps, the largest sugar mill in all of Asia. Apart from the big three there is the leaf spring company Jai Parabolic, as well as many plywood and board manufacturing companies. Jagadhari now has a Reliance Power plant, which has started, and brass metal industry.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[1] Jagadhri had a population of 101,300. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Jagadhari has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 73%, and female literacy is 68%. In Jagadhari, 12% of the population is under 6 years of age. Some residents don't see that much change to the village even though it is not part of Punjab anymore. Hindi & Punjabi are major dilects.

Surrounding places of interest[edit]

Tajewala headworks[edit]

Tajewala Barrage, completed in 1873, is where the Yamuna loses its waters to the Western and Eastern Yamuna Canals that supply water for irrigation and the Delhi waterworks. The Tajewala was replaced by the Hathnikund Barrage in 1999.[2]

Buria[edit]

Buria is a famous town situated 8 km away from Jagadhari. It is said that Humayun came here for hunting in Shivalik forests and constructed Rang-Mahal. Many people guess the relation of 'Rang-Mahal' to Raja Birbal, one of the Navaratnas of Akbar.

Buria is also known as Buria Sahib because of a famous Gurudwara related to Guru Teg Bahadur, ninth guru of Sikhs. An old Shiva Temple is also located in Buria. In nearby Dayalgarh, there is a very beautiful place of worship - the renovated old temple of Shree Paataaleshvar Mahadev with a beautiful garden and some ashrams of saints made during medieval times.

Bilaspur & Kapalmochan[edit]

Bilaspur town, named after the writer of the Mahabharata - Maharishi Vyasa, is a historical place. It is supposed that there was an Ashram of Ved Vyas on the bank of a pond situated here. The statue of Uma Mahadev made in 9th-10th century, and statue of Ganesha made in 11th-12th century and remains of Gupta Empire prove the antecedence of Kapalmochan. People came from all parts of the country feel spiritual elevated by taking bath here in ponds (kunds) known as Rinmochan, Kapalmochan and Surya kund. There is also a Hindu temple and Gurudawara of Dasham Padhashahi where the tenth guru of the Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh stayed.

Panchmukhi Shri Hanuman Ji Mandir[edit]

The temple is situated on the road coming from Bilaspur to Chhachhrauli, 4 km away from Bilaspur and attracts large numbers of people. This temple has a Vigrah of ShriHanuman Ji with five faces, contributing to temple's name, Panchmukhi (five faces). It is believed that wishes come true here, after the 20th day of the Diwali on the Occasion.It is believed that the five Pandavas visited this place and prayed to Lord Hanuman by creating his five faces. The premises of the Temple has been greatly renovated during the recent years and has good facilities for the devotees.

Chhachhrauli[edit]

Main article: Chhachhrauli

The main tehsil situated in north east and 11 km from Jagadhri. In the past it was the capital of the Sikh state of Kalsia. Created by Raja Gurbaksh Singh in 1763. Today 'Ravi Mahal', Ghantaghar, Janak Niwas and the fort have their own dignity. There is also a Sainik Parivar Bhawan & Bal-kunj social welfare institution at Chhachrauli.

Ban Santur[edit]

This village is situated north east from Chhachhrauli near Kalesar - it is supposed to be connected with King Shantanu of Mahabharata.

Adi Badri[edit]

It lies 23 km north of Yamuna Nagar town. It is approachable by road via Bilaspur and is about 2 km from the nearest village Kathgarh. Located in the foothills of the [Shivalik Hills], it is a picturesque location, abundant with natural beauty and tranquillity, with the Adi-Badri Narayana, Shri Kedar Nath and Mantra Devi Temples in the background. Three mounds of antiquities have recently been excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India.

Chaneti[edit]

It is situated 3 km away from Jagadhri. There is a grand Tomb of 8 meters in height made of bricks, in the area of about 100 sq meters near the village. Made in round shape, this is an old Buddhist Stupa. According to Hieun Tsang, this was built by the King Ashoka.

Harnol & Topra[edit]

A religious place named 'Panjtirthi' is situated 15 km away from Yamuna Nagar on the road coming from Topra Kalan to Harnol. There are Shiv Temples and a Gurudwara which indicate the cordial relations of Sikhs and Hindus. People come here for sacred bath. There are statues of Lord Rama, Sita and Pandavas.

Sadhaura[edit]

Main article: Sadaura

It is an old historical place. It was said that people coming from Haridwar and all the religious places of Himachal Pradesh used to take rest here. It was known as the 'Sadhu-raha' in the past.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  2. ^ Tak, Prakash C.; Jagdish P. Sati; Anjum N. Rizvi (April 2010). Status of waterbirds at Hathnikund Barrage wetland, Yamunanagar District, Haryana, India 2 (4). p. 841. Retrieved 10 July 2011.