Y. S. Jaganmohan Reddy
|Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy|
|Ys Jaganmohan reddy paying tribute to Sri Potti Sri Ramulu gaaru on Andhra Pradesh formation day.|
|Member of Parliament - Lok Sabha|
13 May 2011 
|Preceded by||Y. S. Vivekananda Reddy|
21 December 1972 |
Pulivendula village of Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh
|Political party||YSR Congress|
|Spouse(s)||Y S Bharati|
|Relations||Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy (father)|
Yeduguri Sandinti Jaganmohan Reddy (Telugu: యెదుగూరి సందింటి జగన్మోహన్ రెడ్డి) (born December 21, 1972), also called Jagan is an Indian politician and is a member of the Parliament of India from Kadapa constituency. He is the son of the former Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, Y.S. Rajasekhara Reddy.
From May 2012 till Sept 2013, he was in jail under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 for amassing wealth at at an enormous scale by providing quid pro quo favours to businesses. A series of bail applications were repeatedly rejected by three levels of courts partly owing to "the serious nature of the offence", with estimated "amounts exceeding Rs. 3000 crores." The YSR Congress and other opposition parties have alleged that Jagan is being politically victimized and the CBI is acting at the behest of the Congress and that this is a case of political vendetta. After 16 months, on September 23, 2013, a special CBI court granted him bail, but he is not permitted to leave Andhra Pradesh.
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Political life
- 3 Corruption Charges
- 4 Arrest and 16 months in jail
- 5 Other Congress ministers arrested for issuing orders
- 6 Opposition to the formation of Telengana
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Jaganmohan Reddy was born December 21, 1972 in Pulivendula village of Kadapa District, Andhra Pradesh. He received his early education from Pulivendula and Hyderabad Public School. He founded the daily Telugu language newspaper Sakshi and the television channel Sakshi TV. He is the chief promoter of Bharathi Cements. Reddy is a Protestant Christian. He has a younger sister, Y. S. Sharmila, a politician.
He started his political career by campaigning for Congress party in 2004 elections in Kadapa District, and in the 2009 elections he was elected as member of Parliament from Kadapa constituency as a member of the Indian National Congress.
However, his political career took a new innings with the demise of his father, Chief Minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy ("YSR"). His relationship with the Indian National Congress (INC) continuously deteriorated after his father's death
Six months after his father's death, he began an odarpu yatra (condolence tour) as promised earlier to go and meet the families of those alleged to have either committed suicide or suffered ill health on the news of his father's death. The Congress party's central leadership directed him to call off his odarpu yatra, and order which he defied leading to a fallout between the high command and himself. He went ahead with the yatra, stating that it was a personal matter.
On November 29, 2010, he resigned, after a fallout with the Congress party high command. He announced on 7 December 2010 from Pulivendula that he would be starting a new party within 45 days. In February, 2011, he took over a party which had existed on paper only since the prior July, and was officially recognized on February 16 as president of the YSR Congress Party.
Y.S.R. Reddy's election declaration of 2004 included tax returns showing Jagan's assets at Rs. 9.2 lakh, out of a total family assets of Rs. 50 lakhs. In April 2009, Jagan revealed total assets of Rs. 77 crores, and by 2011 this has allegedly increased to amount Rs. 365 crore.
In August 2011, the Andhra Pradesh High Court, based on preliminary report by the CBI, ordered a thorough probe. In addition to the CBI, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) and the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) have been probing the corruption charges.
Modus operandi: Suitcase companies
The investigation by the CBI point out several means by which Jagan made money from political favours, adopting
- ingenious ways to amass illegal wealth... Since May, 2004, he started floating a number of companies including Jagathi Publications [... with himself operating] its Bank accounts. As quid pro quo to investing in his companies, benefits were received by investors ... in allotment of lands for Special Economic Zones (SEZs), contracts for irrigation projects, special relaxations/permissions for real estate ventures, mines etc.
The facade companies floated by Jagan redddy are being called "suitcase companies" both in the media and court orders.  This is an allusion to corruption models in which suitcases of cash would be delivered to politicians, but the amounts today are too large for suitcases.
Evidence for quid-pro-quo and Out-of-norm favours
The evidence unearthed includes direct favours given to companies who invested with Jagan Reddy's companies.
CBI DIG H. Venkatesh informed the Supreme Court that “India Cements made illegal quid pro quo investments to the tune of Rs 140 crore into the group companies of Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy". In return, they received benefits such as permission to draw extra out-of-norm water from rivers and lease of land. However, India cements CEO N. Srinivasan, who is also the BCCI chief, subsequently stated that these investments had returned a profit when Raghuram Cements (later Bharti Cement) was purchased by French firm Vicat.
During an Income Tax raid at the residence of a manager of Dalmia Cement which invested Rs. 95 crore in the Jagan company Raghuram Cements, IRS official Vikram Singh Sharma stated that
- they had recovered a pen drive containing the details of cash payments apparently made to Mr. Jaganmohan Reddy in the acronyms of “JR a/c, Sh. JR, J. Reddy acct and J.R. A/C”
The chairman of the large construction firm Ramky Group, which was developing a large residential complex, paid Rs 10 crore to Ms Jagathi Publications (a Jagan-owned company which prints the daily Sakshi). The quid-pro-quo allegedly involved stamp duty and registration fee that were waived as per a Government Order in 2008 . Ratna Prabha, an IAS officer who signed this order, later stated that she had initially opposed the exemptions since it would "adversely affect the revenue of the state", but that she was overruled by the cabinet of Y.S.R. Reddy. The properties of Ramky Estates, worth Rs. 135 crores, has been frozen.
In addition to the CBI and the Income Tax Department, the Enforcement Directorate is also investigating Reddy's assets. As of June 2013, the Directorate has attached Rs.229.4 crore from various firms associated with him, based on evidence that the money was obtained by giving undue favours.
Arrest and 16 months in jail
Jagan Reddy was arrested by the Central Bureau of Investigation on embezzlement charges and his Judicial custody was extended repeatedly as the investigation proceeded.  The Andhra Pradesh High Court, in rejecting bail, observed:
- taking note of serious nature of the offence and having regard to personal and financial clout of the appellant and finding that it cannot be ruled out that witnesses cannot be influenced by him in case he is released on bail at this stage.
Meanwhile, the CBI filed a further charge-sheet against him 17 September, 2013. The new charge-sheet relate to the Sandur power and Lepakshi knowledge hub which were floated by Jagan in which the latter received huge investments on a quid pro quo arrangement while his father was chief minister (2004 to 2009). After the filing of this chargesheet, the court granted him bail on the grounds that most of the investigation in the case was completed.
Charges of political vendetta
The YSR Congress and Jagan's family have been alleging a political conspiracy behind Jagan's investigations. BJP has noted that CBI has been pursuing this case with greater vigour than that of government-aligned politicians with similar charges such as Sushil Kumar Shinde or Vilasrao Deshmukh.
On the other side, the CBI’s former joint director V V Laxminaryana has stated in court that he was being targeted by the YSRC leaders after Jagan's arrest, and that he was receiving calls threatening his life.
Other Congress ministers arrested for issuing orders
In March 2012, the Supreme Court directed the CBI to extend their investigations to six ministers (Kanna Lakshminarayana, Mopidevi Venkata Ramana Sabita Indra Reddy, Ponnala Lakshmaiah, J Geetha Reddy and Dharmana Prasada Rao), and eight senior bureaucrats, who were implicated in issuing 26 Government orders that helped the companies investing in Jagan's firms. Andhra Excise minister Mopidevi Venkataramana was arrested on 24 May 2012.
CBI also summoned BCCI chief Mr N Srinivasan on 7 June 2012.
As a sequel to allegations that CBI had selectively released information to the press to tarnish the image of Jaganmohan Reddy, the Central Vigilance Commissioner sought a report on the matter from the investigating agency.
Opposition to the formation of Telengana
Even while in jail, Reddy had started a hunger strike opposing the United Progressive Alliance's decision to endorse the creation of a separate Telangana state. After 125 hours of indefinite hunger strike, his sugar levels and BP were down. Later He was shifted to Osmania General Hospital for treatment His mother, MLA VIjayamma, is also on hunger strike protesting the formation of Telengana out of AP. After his release, Reddy has called for a 72-hour bandh protesting the formation of Telengana. Both Jagan and his mother have resigned from their legislatures opposing the Telengana decision
- "Record-breaking win for Jagan in Kadapa election". Indian Express. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- "Jagan Mohan Reddy's judicial custody extended". NDTV.com. 2013-08-13. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- "Court dismisses Jagan's plea for more relaxation in bail conditions". Ibnlive.in.com. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2014-02-28.
- "Quid pro-quo case: Jaganmohan Reddy, BCCI head N Srinivasan, ministers appear in court". Economic Times. 2013-12-03. Retrieved 2014-02-28.
- Chief Justice P. Sathasivam (together with Justice M.Y. Eqbal) (9 May 2013). "Supreme Court of India Judgment: Y.S.Jagan Mohan Reddy vs C.B.I.". Quote: "as a quid pro quo to these investments, the benefits were received by various investors from the decisions of the State Government in allotment of lands for Special Economic Zones (SEZs), contracts for irrigation projects, special relaxations/permissions for real estate ventures, mines etc. It is further revealed that Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy laundered the bribe money by routing it through various individuals and companies and getting investments made by them in his companies." Companies mentioned in the judgment: Dalmia Cements, India Cements, Indu Group of Builders
- Justice Aftab Alam and Mrs. Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai (4 Jul 2012). "Y.S.Jagan Mohan Reddy vs C.B.I. Anti-Corruption Branch". Supreme Court of India.
- YSR Cong cries foul over CBI’s ‘selective probe’
- Why Congress has decided to go for Jagan’s jugular
- Jagan's arrest meant to deter Congress MLAs from leaving the party:the Hindu
- CPI(M) Smells Conspiracy Behind Jagan's Arrest
- Jaganmohan's arrest political vendetta: BJP
- The Price of Vendetta:India Today
- "BJP accuses Congress of using CBI against opponents". The hindu Business Line. May 28, 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- "Congress misusing CBI against YS Jagan: Naresh Gujral, Yeshwant Sinha". hydfirst. 1 June 2013. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- "After 16 months, Jagan Reddy set to walk out of jail". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- "Jaganmohan Reddy’s plea for relaxation in bail dismissed". Tehelka.com. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2014-02-28.
- [dead link]
- Venkatesha Babu and C.R. Sukumar (2010-04-20). "France’s Vicat buys 51% stake in Bharathi Cement". Livemint. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
- "Who is Jagan Reddy?" Hindustan Times November 29, 2010
- [dead link]
- "Defiant Jagan to go ahead with 'Odarpu' yatra". The Times Of India. 22 August 2010.
- "Kadapa Bypoll: Jagan wins by 545,043 votes". India Today. 13 May 2011.
- Rao, A. Srinivasa, "Jaganmohan Reddy acquires YSR Congress Party from worker" India Today February 17, 2011
- TN Ashok. "How rich are our politicians?". Industrial Economist. Retrieved 2013-09-24.
- A Srinivasa Rao (May 28, 2012). "How Jagan Reddy became the richest Lok Sabha MP in India, and what is his real worth?". India Today.
- DHNS. "CBI told to probe into Jagan’s wealth; He amassed Rs 43k crore in six yrs, claims petition" Deccan Herald August 10, 2011
- "Land doles cost Andhra Rs 1 Lakh Crore: CAG". Indian Express. 30 Mar 2012. Retrieved 30 Mar 2012.
- B. Chandrashekhar (June 23, 2013). "Dalmia Cement’s investment in Jagan’s firm was quid pro quo". The Hindu.
- "The changing business of bribes in India: Bribes are now being channelled through corporate deals rather than cash". Jun 18, 2013.
- "CBI launches country-wide raids on YSJ Reddys properties". Times of India. 18 August 2011.
- "Lalit Modi, Jagan among top taxpayers". The Times Of India. 31 October 2009.
- Viswanath Pilla & Yogendra Kalavalapalli (August 18, 2011). "CBI raids business premises of Jagan, investors". livemint. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- Amarnath K. Menon (November 26, 2010). "Jagan Mohan Reddy: The Prince of Cash". India Today. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
- U. Sudhakar Reddy (26 May 2013). "Srinivasan must be arrested in Jagan scam: Legal experts".
- "IPL issues won’t hurt India Cements’ profitability, assures MD". The Hindu. Mumbai, June 5:.
- "Jagan Case: Freezing of Assets Worth Rs 143 Cr Ordered". News.outlookindia.com. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- K. Ratna Prabha (04-Dec-08). "Exemption of Stamp Duty and Registration Fee in Favour Ramky Estates". AP Government Order: AP Notification No: G.O. Ms. No. 1435. Retrieved 23-aug-13.
- "Jaganmohan case: Babus blame YSR cabinet for GOs". Times of India. Dec 4, 2012. quote: "Stating that such exemptions would adversely affect the revenue of the state, I had even recorded my objections to the same," [Ratna Prabha] said in her affidavit. However,the matter was referred to the state cabinet which ultimately granted the exemptions.
- ET Bureau (2013-01-08). "ED attaches Ramky's Rs 135 cr assets in Jagan's case". Economic Times. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- Directorate of Enforcement tightens screws on Jagan - The Hindu
- "CBI names Y.S. Jaganmohan Reddy as prime accused in assets case". India Today. 2012-05-07. Retrieved 2013-05-21.
- Jagan to stay in jail till June 11, a day before key elections:NDTV
- "DA case: Jagan's custody extended, Sabitha appears in court". Telegraphindia.com. 2013-06-07. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- [dead link]
- PTI (4 July 2012). "Jagan’s bail plea rejected". The Hindu. Retrieved 4 July 2012.
- Justice Aftab Alam and Mrs. Justice Ranjana Prakash Desai (4 Jul 2012). "Supreme Court of India Judgment: Y.S.Jagan Mohan Reddy vs C.B.I. Anti-Corruption Branch".
- "SC dismisses Jagan’s plea against arrest in DA case". 09-08-2012.
- "Another charge-sheet against Jagan".
- "Vijayamma and Bharathi lash out at CBI on Jagan probe". Times AP.
- "Jaganmohan's assets case: SC notice to 6 Andhra ministers, 8 IAS officers". Times Of India. 2012-03-12. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- "Jaganmohan Reddy assets case: Andhra Pradesh minister arrested". Retrieved 24 May 2012.
- "CBI summons BCCI chief in Jagan case". 8 June 2012.
- "CVC seeks CBI report over ‘media leaks’ about Jagan". 8 July 2012.
- "Jagan Shifted to OGH". Indistan News. 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2013-11-03.
- Indo-Asian News Service (August 24, 2013). "Jagan Mohan Reddy's mother Vijayamma continues hunger strike in hospital". NDTV.
- pti (Oct 4, 2013). "Telangana: Y S Jaganmohan Reddy blasts Centre, calls for 72 hour bandh". The Economic Times. Retrieved Oct 4, 2013.
- "Y S Jaganmohan Reddy resigns as MP over AP split; his mother quits Assembly". Indian Express. Aug 10, 2013.