Jagatjit Singh

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Jagatjit Singh
Maharaja of the princely state of Kapurthala
Major-General H.H. Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh- al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh, Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI , GCIE , GBE.jpg
Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala.
Issue Served as the Indian Representative to the League of Nations General Assembly in Geneva.
Born (1872-09-05)September 5, 1872
Punjab, India
Died June 19, 1949(1949-06-19) (aged 76)
Punjab, India
Religion Sikh

Jagatjit Singh Bahadur (24 November 1872 – 19 June 1949) was the ruling Maharaja of the princely state of Kapurthala in the British Empire of India from 1877 until his death in 1949.He ascended the throne of Kapurthala state on 16 October 1877. He assumed full ruling powers in November 1890 and then commenced a career as a world traveller and Francophile. He received the title of Maharaja in 1911. He built palaces and gardens in the city of Kapurthala; his main palace there was modelled on the Versailles Palace.

He also built in the Kapurthala city's mosque and a handsome gurudwara at Sultanpur Lodhi, sacred to Guru Nanak. Jagatjit Singh was one of the representatives of India at the League of Nations in 1926, 1927 and 1929.

He served as the Indian Representative to the League of Nations General Assembly in Geneva in 1926, 1927 and 1929,[1] attended the Round Table Conference in 1931 and was Uprajpramukh of the PEPSU at the time of his death in 1949, aged 76.

Titles[edit]

His full style and name was:

Major-General His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE.

During his life he acquired many other styles and names:

  • 1872–1877: Tikka Raja Sri Jagatjit Singh
  • 1877–1897: His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Raja Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala
  • 1897–1911: His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Raja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Raja of Kapurthala, KCSI
  • 1911–1918: His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI
  • 1918–1921: Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI
  • 1921–1926: Lieutenant-Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE
  • 1926–1927: Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE
  • 1927–1943: Colonel His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE
  • 1943–1948: Brigadier His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE
  • 1948–1949: Major-General His Highness Farzand-i-Dilband Rasikh-al-Iqtidad-i-Daulat-i-Inglishia, Raja-i-Rajagan, Maharaja Sir Jagatjit Singh Bahadur, Maharaja of Kapurthala, GCSI, GCIE, GBE

Honours[edit]

(ribbon bar, as it would look today)

ImperialOrderCrownIndiaRibbon.gif Order of the Indian Empire ribbon.png

Order of the British Empire (Civil) Ribbon.png Queen Victoria Diamond Jubilee Medal (military) ribbon.PNG Med.DelhiDurbar1903.png King George V Coronation Medal ribbon.png

GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon.png GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png Indian Independence Medal 1947.png EST Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - 5th Class BAR.png

Legion Honneur GO ribbon.svg EGY Order of the Nile - Grand Cordon BAR.png Grand Cross of the Order of Ouissam Alaouite ribbon.png Cavaliere di gran Croce Regno SSML BAR.svg

CHL Order of Merit of Chile - Grand Cross BAR.png PER Order of the Sun of Peru - Grand Cross BAR.png ETH Order of Menelik II - Grand Cross BAR.png Order of Saint Sava Ribbon.PNG

ESP Charles III Order GC.svg Ordre du Nichan Iftikhar GC ribbon (Tunisia).svg KHM Ordre Royal du Cambodge - Grand Croix BAR.png Order of the Crown (Iran) - ribbon bar.gif

TCH Rad Bileho Lva 1 tridy (pre1990) BAR.svg Star of Romania Ribbon.PNG SMR Order of Saint Agatha - Grand Cross new BAR.svg Order of Pope Sylvester BAR.svg

[2]

Medals[edit]

Decorations[edit]

British[edit]

Foreign[edit]

Marriages[edit]

  • Singh married firstly at Paprola, on 16 April 1886, Harbans Kaur, daughter of Ranjit Singh Gularia of Paprola (died 17 October 1941 in Mussoorie).
  • Married secondly at Katoch, 1891, Parvati Kaur, daughter of a Sardar of Katoch (died 20 February 1944 in Kapurthala).
  • Married thirdly, 1895, Lachmi Kaur, a Princess of a Rajput family from Bashahr (died September 1959 in Kapurthala).
  • Married fourthly, Kanari, daughter of a Dewan of Jubbal (died circa 1910).
  • Married fifthly at Paris, 28 January 1908 (later divorced), Prem Kaur [née Anita Delgado], (born 1890 in Málaga, Spain, died 7 July 1962 in Madrid, Spain).
  • Married sixthly at Kapurthala, 1942, Tara Devi [née Eugenia Maria Grossupova], she was the daughter of a Czech count and Nina Maria Grossupova, an actress. She committed suicide by jumping off the Qutub Minar in Delhi on December 9, 1946 in Delhi.

In media[edit]

Probably as a reminiscence of his marriage with Anita Delgado, Don Pimpón, a character in the Spanish version of Sesame Street, claimed to have travelled the world extensively with "his friend the Maharaja of Kapurthala".

Footnotes[edit]

See also[edit]