Jaggaiahpet

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Jaggaiahpeta
జగ్గయ్యపేట
Town
Jaggaiahpeta is located in Andhra Pradesh
Jaggaiahpeta
Jaggaiahpeta
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 16°53′31″N 80°05′51″E / 16.8920°N 80.097601°E / 16.8920; 80.097601Coordinates: 16°53′31″N 80°05′51″E / 16.8920°N 80.097601°E / 16.8920; 80.097601
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Region Coastal Andhra
District Krishna
Government
 • Body Jaggaiahpeta Municipality
 • Member of Legislative Assembly Raja Gopalam Sreeram (Tataiah)
 • Member of Parliament Kesineni Srinivas (Nani)
Elevation[1] 55 m (180 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 53,530
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 521 xxx
Telephone code +91–8654
Vehicle registration AP–16
Lok Sabha constituency Vijayawada
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jaggaiahpeta
Jaggayapeta is a Buddhist Holy relic site of Andhra Pradesh

Jaggaiahpeta is a municipal town in Krishna district of Andhra Pradesh, India. The town is located on the banks of the Paleru River which is a tributary of the Krishna River.

History & Etymology[edit]

About 180 years ago, the region surrounding Jaggaiahpeta was governed by a ruler, by name Sri Rajah Vasireddy Venkatadri Nayudu, who was famous for his piety and devotion and for the construction of many a temples in honour of Lord Siva and Lord Vishnu. It is said that he founded two towns, namely, Jaggaiahpeta, named after his father Jaggayya, and Achampeta, named after his mother Atchamma. The founding of the towns by Venkatadri Nayudu find mention in a Telugu verse of a certain well-known poet, too. surendra, Laxman

Records of the Government suggest founder of the town was Venkatadri Nayudu, developed and named the village Betavolu to Jaggaiahpeta. The region was then infested with robbers and hence the old village was called Dongala Betavolu (Robbers' Betavolu). For some time, Jaggaiahpeta was mentioned in Government records with Betavolu written in brackets. Even now, in some old documents in the houses of some indigenous bankers of the town, we find only ' Betavolu ' mentioned as the name of the village.

All this is recent history and is self-evident. But apart from it, this region has an ancient and splendid history behind it. Though it is so, only a few know that the innocent-looking mound 'Dhanam Bodu', lying east of Jaggaiahpeta, has in it the remains of an ancient stupa, which has been lying there for 2,000 years.

Monuments & Antiquities[edit]

During the excavations in 1818, a few carved slabs from one of the brick mounds revealed the existence of a group of ancient stupas. After excavation, the stupa was found to be 9 meters in diameter and was decorated with slabs of the same material used in Amaravati. Inside the casing the stupa is made completely out of bricks and earth. About a kilometre from the town is a hill known as Dhanambodu or Hill of wealth on which once stood a great Stupa or Mahachaitya. Around the hillock are traces of monastic buildings.

A Mahachaitya filled with layers of rubble & gravel two feet thick. The slabs surrounding the base of the stupa were plain very few of them having any carving except a small pilaster up the edge. Some of the sculptures on the pilasters closely resemble in style of Bharhut sculptures. The capitals are heavy and roughly bell-shaped and show addorsed double-winged animals like that at Patalkhora. Some of the slabs were inscribed in characters of Mauryan type ascribable to the beginning of the 2nd century BC.

Fourteen sculptures recovered from here (All of them either broken or mere fragments, the only exception being a standing Buddha) and are in the Madras Museum. This standing Buddha is exceptional, not merely because it was found undamaged, but also because it differs both in age and style from the rest of finds. It has an inscription on its lotus base in characters of the sixth century. The gist of the inscription being that the image was made under instructions from Jayaprabhacharya, a disciple of Nagarjunacharya. It is concluded that it belongs to a much later age than the rest of the sculptures which are akin to those of the first phase of the Amaravati stupa, and hence are dated as early as 200 B.C. surendra The most interesting as well as important of the marbles here is a slab representing a Chakravarti. The seven jewels which surround him – the queen, the prince, the minister, the elephant, the horse, the wheel, and the gems – proclaim him to the world as a king of kings. Noteworthy features of this sculpture are not only the square coins that are showered on the emperor from the sky and the jewels worn by the human figures, but also the elongated structure of those figures which constitute a marked departure from the stunted representations of the Gandhara School. It is this elegant attenuation of the figures the subsequently led to the “towering and graceful forms” in the sculptures of the middle phase of Andhra sculpture at Amaravati. Another interesting find in this area is the “punyasala,” a beautiful sculpture showing a two-storied shrine.

Notable Persons[edit]

Raja Sri V R G K M Prasad

Raja of Muktyala Vasireddy Rama Gopala Krishna Maheswara Prasad fondly called Projects Prasad was noted for his efforts in infrastructure creation in India. He worked as Member of Legislative Assembly of A.P. also.

Sri Khasim Saheb

Famous clarinet player in All India Radio, Vijayawada Staff artist born here and lot of people learned music (classical and instrumental) from him from all over Andhra Pradesh.

Economy[edit]

Jaggayyapeta Stupa

The majority of the people in Jaggaiahpeta are engaged in trade and commerce. Agriculture is also the most important occupation of the people.

Minerals like Iron ore and Limestone are very very abundant in this area. Limestone is being supplied to Visakhapatnam Steel Plant (Mining And Ore-Beneficiation) from here. This town hosts many large scale industries like Cement Factories and small scale industries like Manufacturing Musical Instruments, Sponge Iron Industries.

Also, this is popular in surrounding districts for Gold/Silver ornaments business for its quality of work.

The delayed Pulichintala Project is just 21 km from Jaggaiahpeta.

Connectivity[edit]

Air[edit]

Jaggaiahpeta does not have an airport. The nearest domestic airport is Gannavaram (Vijayawada) airport 85 km towards southeast. The nearest international airport is at Hyderabad 220 km towards northwest.

Railway[edit]

A railway line runs from Jaggaiahpeta town to Motumari town. It is used only for goods traffic- mainly cement, raw material for cement plants and limestone for steel plants- and no passenger trains run on this railway line. Thus Motimari railway station (station code MTMI) at Motumari town on Kazipet-Vijayawada section of South Central Railway is the nearest railhead. The railway line from Motumari to Jaggaiahpeta has been extended to Mellacheruvu in May 2012 and is proposed to be extended 40 km to Vishnupuram railway station on Nadikudi-Bibinagar section of South Central Railway. The Motumari-Vishnupuram railway line will connect Jaggaiahpeta railway station with Vijayawada and Hyderabad.

Road[edit]

Jaggayyapet is well-connected to all major cities in Andhra Pradesh. Direct buses are available to Hyderabad, Tirupathi, Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Vijayawada, Machilipatnam, Srisailam and other major towns and cities in AP.

Jaggaiahpet is located 3 km away from NH-9, which connects Pune and Machilipatnam.

Media and Communication[edit]

Leading Telugu and English are available in Jaggayyapet. English dailies such as, Deccan Chronicle, Indian Express, The Hindu, The Times of India are available in Jaggayyapet. Telugu dailies: Eenadu, Sakshi, Vaartha, Andhra Jyothi, Andhra Bhoomi and Surya are available in Jaggayyapet.

Jaggaiahpet falls under Andhra Pradesh Telecom circle; For BSNL - it falls under Vijayawada Telecom District.

Tourist Spots[edit]

Vedadri

The Vedadrihmi Narasimha Swamy temple is located on the river Krishna, approximately 10 km from Jaggaiahpet. The main deity is Yogananda Lakshmi Narasihma Swamy.

Tirumalagiri

This is one of the most and different place in lord venkateswara temples. The Name of the deity is Swayambu Valmikodbhavadu and is located on a hill top, manifested in a stone image along with a big anthill behind. Four temples of Sri Anjaneya Swamy are seen in the nearby Tirumalagiri Hills which attract a lot of devotees.

Penuganchiprolu

Sri Tirupatamma Ammavari Devasthanam is located in Penuganchiprolu village of Krishna District. It is 16 km away from Jaggaiahpet.

Muktyala

Antiquity of this kshetra dates back to Tretayuga and it is said that Sri Rama visited this thirtha kshetra along with wife Sita. And worshipped this Temple's Spatica Linga installed by Bali Chakravarthy.

Pulichintala Project

The project is proposed to construct across the river Krishna at Pulichintala Village, Visible to muktyla village.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Elevation for Jaggaiahpet". Veloroutes. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census 2011". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 25 July 2014.