Jaguar 2

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jaguar 2
Panzermuseum Munster 2010 0934.JPG
Type Tank destroyer
Place of origin  West Germany
Service history
In service 1965–1993
Used by  West Germany
Production history
Manufacturer Henschel and Hanomag
Produced 1983–1985
Number built 162[1]
Specifications
Weight 24.8
Length 6.61
Width 3.12
Height 2.55
Crew 4 (commander, gunner, loader, driver)

Armor 50 mm steel + applique armour
Main
armament
1 × manually reloaded TOW launcher, 12 missiles
Secondary
armament
1 × 7.62mm MG3 machine guns
8 × smoke discharger
Engine 29,4 liter MTU MB 837 Aa V8 water-cooled multi-fuel diesel-engine
500 hp (368 kW)
Suspension torsion bar
Operational
range
400 km
Speed 70 km/h

The Raketenjagdpanzer 4 Jaguar 2 was a German tank destroyer equipped with anti-tank guided missiles. It was only operated by the Bundeswehr.

History[edit]

From 1983 to 1985, 162 Kanonenjagdpanzers were converted to Raketenjagdpanzer 4 Jaguar 2. This was done by removing the main gun, adding a TOW launcher on the roof and adding applique armour. In 1989, the TOW missiles were replaced by the more potent TOW 2. In 1993, the Jaguar 2 tank destroyers were phased out in favour of the Jaguar 1A3, an upgraded version of the Jaguar 1.

Design[edit]

The Jaguar 2 is a tank destroyer that follows the traditional casemate design of German tank destroyers. It is a rather light vehicle based on the "leichte Fahrzeugfamilie"-chassis, which was also used by the SPz Marder and the Jaguar 1. It is an all-welded steel construction, which has maximum thickness of 50 mm.

Protection[edit]

Applique armour

The base armour is formed by the Kanonenjagdpanzer chassis. It was made of welded steel and had a thickness of 10 to 50 mm steel. When the Kanonenjagdpanzers were upgraded, applique armour, consisting of perforated steel plates coated in a rubber-like substance, was fastened shock-mounted on the front of the vehicle and the side of the casemate structure. Leopard-like side-skirts were also added.

Further protection is provided by eight smoke dischargers, which are now installed on the glacis instead of behind the casemate.

The Jaguar 2's survivability is still mainly reliant on its low profile, high speed and long combat range, which exceeded the combat range of contemporary tanks.

Armament[edit]

The roof-mounted TOW-launcher

The Jaguar 2 is armed with a TOW-launcher, an anti-aircraft MG3 and an MG3A1 in the hull. The TOW missile allows it to fight enemy tanks at long range; the maximum combat range was considered to be 3,750 m.[2] In 1989, the TOW missiles were replaced by the more powerful TOW-2 missiles. Twelve missiles and 2,100 7.62mm rounds are stored inside the vehicle.

References[edit]

External links[edit]