|Designer||Ian Callum (estate)
Wayne Burgess (saloon)
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Compact executive car|
|Body style||4-door saloon
|Layout||Front engine, front-wheel drive / all-wheel drive|
|Platform||Ford CD132 platform|
|Wheelbase||106.7 in (2,710 mm)|
|Length||Saloon: 4,672 mm (183.9 in)
2001–2008 Estate: 185.5 in (4,710 mm)
2009– Saloon: 4,716 mm (185.7 in)
|Width||Bodywork: 70.4 in (1,790 mm)
2001–2008 Overall: 78.8 in (2,000 mm)
2009– Overall: 2,000 mm (78.7 in)
|Height||2009– Saloon: 54.8 in (1,390 mm)
Estate: 58.4 in (1,480 mm)
2009– Saloon: 1,430 mm (56.3 in)
The Jaguar X-Type (codename: X400) is a compact executive car that was produced from 2001 to 2009 by Jaguar Cars. The smallest of the Jaguar model range, the X-Type was marketed in saloon and estate variants, and was the first estate manufactured in series production by the company. The X-Type was manufactured at the Halewood Assembly Facility near Liverpool.
The Jaguar X-Type, codenamed X400, was launched in October 2001. It was Jaguar's first compact executive car since the Jaguar Mark 1 of 1955. The X-Type was one of the last to be styled under the supervision of Geoff Lawson, with Wayne Burgess as principal designer.
The four-door saloon was launched in 2001 and in 2004 the five-door estate joined the range. Production of both versions ended in 2009. The estate was officially known as the "Sportwagon” in the United States. It was the first Jaguar model designed by Ian Callum.
Initially, the X-Type was only available with all-wheel-drive and either a 2.5 litre or 3.0 litre V6 petrol engine. In 2002, an entry-level 2.1 litre V6 front-wheel-drive model was added. All three engines were available with either five-speed automatic or five-speed manual transmissions. The X-Type grille was slghtly modified for both the 2004 and 2006 model years.
The X-Type facelift was unveiled at the 2007 Canary Wharf Motorexpo. The revised X-Type went on sale internationally during 2008, with UK sales from March. The revised X-Type included redesigned front and rear bumpers and new door mirrors with integrated turn indicator repeaters creating an overall look that echoed the 2008 Jaguar XF. New engine choices included a 2.2-litre diesel with particulate filter and a new six-speed automatic transmission and Jaguar Sequential Shift, in addition to the existing 2.0-litre diesel, and two V6 petrol engines; 2.5 and 3.0-litre. In some European markets, the petrol engines were withdrawn for sale.
The facelifted model was expected to continue through to the 2010 model year in its remaining markets, and not to be directly replaced. On 15 July 2009, Jaguar Land Rover announced that it would end production of the X-Type by late 2009, with the loss of 300 jobs, and have a three-week shut down, at their plant in Halewood where the car was built, between September and December. By this time more than 350,000 had been produced.
In 2004, the Spirit limited model based on the 2.5-litre V6 featured the 'Sports Collection' pack with new spoilers and rear valance. It was followed in 2005 by the XS limited edition, which continued the sports theme, but available with a wider range of engines.
The X-Type was lightly based on a modified version of the Ford CD132 platform. The X-Type shares about 15 to 20% of the Ford Mondeo design. The X-Type was initially offered as all-wheel drive only and mated to a 2.5 litre and 3.0 litre AJ-V6 petrol engine.
The Jaguar AJ-V6 engine design is unique to the Jaguar X-Type; one notable addition is the use of variable valve timing. The X-Type's petrol engine is also set apart by the use of SFI fuel injection, four valves per cylinder and features fracture-split forged powder metal connecting rods plus a one-piece cast camshaft and has direct-acting mechanical bucket (DAMB) tappets.
In 2003, the X-Type was also offered in front-wheel drive with the introduction of Jaguar’s first four-cylinder diesel engines (based on the Ford Duratorq ZSD unit from the Mondeo and Transit), and with the smaller 2.1 litre petrol V6. The six-speed automatic transmission supplied on the later 2.2-litre diesel models includes Jaguar Sequential Shift.
|Model||Years||Displacement||Bore x Stroke||Power||Torque||Transmission|
|2.1-litre V6 petrol||2003–2007||2,099 cc (128.1 cu in) V6||81.65 mm × 66.84 mm (3.21 in × 2.63 in)||157 PS (115 kW; 155 hp)||201 N·m (148 lbf·ft)||5-speed manual|
|2.1-litre V6 petrol||2008–2009||2,099 cc (128.1 cu in) V6||81.65 mm × 66.84 mm (3.21 in × 2.63 in)||156 PS (115 kW; 154 hp) @ 6,800||196 N·m (145 lbf·ft) @ 4,100||5-speed manual, 5-speed automatic|
|2.5-litre V6 petrol||2001–2009||2,495 cc (152.3 cu in) V6||81.6 mm × 79.5 mm (3.21 in × 3.13 in)||194 PS (143 kW; 191 hp) @ 6,800||244 N·m (180 lbf·ft) @ 3,000||5-speed manual, 5-speed automatic|
|3.0-litre V6 petrol||2001–2009||2,967 cc (181.1 cu in) V6||89.0 mm × 79.5 mm (3.50 in × 3.13 in)||231 PS (170 kW; 228 hp) @ 6,800||279.3 N·m (206 lbf·ft) @ 3,000||5-speed manual, 5-speed automatic|
|2.0-litre diesel||2003–2007||1,998 cc (121.9 cu in) I4||86 mm × 86 mm (3.4 in × 3.4 in)||128 PS (94 kW; 126 hp) @ 3,800||331 N·m (244 lbf·ft) @ 1,800||5-speed manual|
|2.0-litre diesel||2008-2009||1,998 cc (121.9 cu in) I4||86 mm × 86 mm (3.4 in × 3.4 in)||130 PS (96 kW; 128 hp) @ 3,800||330 N·m (240 lbf·ft) @ 1,800||5-speed manual|
|2.2-litre diesel||2003–2007||2,198 cc (134.1 cu in) I4||86 mm × 94.6 mm (3.4 in × 3.72 in)||152 PS (112 kW; 150 hp) @ 3,500||366 N·m (270 lbf·ft) @ 1,800||6-speed manual|
|2.2-litre diesel||2008-2009||2,198 cc (134.1 cu in) I4||86 mm × 94.6 mm (3.4 in × 3.72 in)||155 PS (114 kW; 153 hp) @ 3,500||360 N·m (270 lbf·ft) @ 1,800||6-speed manual|
|2.2-litre diesel DPF||2008–2009||2,198 cc (134.1 cu in) I4||86 mm × 94.6 mm (3.4 in × 3.72 in)||145 PS (107 kW; 143 hp) @ 3,500||360 N·m (270 lbf·ft) @ 1,800||6-speed manual, 6-speed automatic|
|Euro NCAP 2002 X-Type||Points||Rating|
|Adult Occupant:||26 out of 36|
|Child Occupant:||__ out of 49|
|Pedestrian Impact:||2 out of 36|
|ANCAP 2010 X-Type||Points||Rating|
|Overall Score:||26.40 out of 37|
|Offset Impact:||10.40 out of 16|
|Side Impact:||14.10 out of 16|
|Pole Impact:||2 out of 2|
|Bonus Points:||0 out of 3|
|NHTSA 2004 X-Type||Rating|
Sales and reception
Interviewed in November 2000, managing director Jonathan Browning said Jaguar's objective was to achieve annual sales of 100,000 with the car, partly by taking market share from established German rivals and partly by expanding the market segment in Jaguar's key markets. The X-Type was Jaguar's best-selling model during almost all its production run, but sales did not meet projections, peaking at 50,000 in 2003. In the United States, the car's primary market, sales dropped from 21,542 in 2004 to 10,941 in 2005. In the same year, Audi sold 48,922 A4s, BMW sold 106,950 3 Series' and Mercedes-Benz sold 60,658 C-Class'.
Ford's decision to use a modified version of the Ford Mondeo platform (shared with the Land Rover Freelander Compact SUV which is also produced at Halewood) for the Jaguar X-Type wasn't received well by some enthusiasts of the marque. Another commonly held belief on the X-Type's failure was that 6-cylinder petrol engines coupled to an economy sapping all-wheel drive system was the only powertrain available, whilst the BMW 3-Series, Audi A4 and Mercedes C-Class were all available with 4-cylinder petrol and diesel power - a crucial offering in the economy conscious European market - yet a 4-cylinder diesel option (with 2-wheel drive) was not offered in the X-Type until several years after its release. Time magazine described the X-Type as the "British Cadillac Cimarron" in its "50 Worst Cars of All Time" list, suggesting its platform sharing made it unpopular. However, it's worth noting that the cars on list were largely based on popularity, sales and aesthetics rather than the performance or quality of the car.
In contrast, Jeremy Clarkson of BBC's Top Gear has repeatedly lauded the car, especially the 4x4 and sport versions. In two episodes he demonstrated its capabilities in the snow, declaring that it "laughs in the face of the weatherman, the police and the AA, with their advice to stay at home". Although he gives an inaccurate representation of the car as being a Ford Mondeo underneath, he affirms that this should not put you off, saying that "genetically, you are 98% identical to a halibut, but it's the 2% that makes the difference".
Other car magazine and website reviews were largely positive for the X-Type, especially during the early years of its introduction. In reality, the X-Type used only 20% of Ford Mondeo's components, while a variety of Ford platforms, engines and components were being used by all models of the Ford Motor Company's luxury brands in that period, namely Aston Martin, Jaguar and Lincoln. In 2008, Jaguar director of design Ian Callum said that, despite management denials at the time, the slow-selling X-Type “was essentially designed in Detroit and presented as close to a fait accompli to reluctant designers and engineers at Jaguar's Whitley design centre."
In January 2011, Jaguar stated that it was considering plans for successor for the X-Type to compete with the BMW 3 Series, and to be positioned below the current XF, but it would be unlikely to be on sale before 2014.
- Stiff, Peter (15 July 2009). "Jaguar to end X-Type production and axe jobs". business.timesonline.co.uk (London). Retrieved 15 July 2009.
- BBC News 6 January 1998
- Jaguar Expands the 2005 X-Type Range with three new models, MediaFord.com, 1 August 2004, , accessed 3 Aug 2008
- Ruddick, Graham (15 July 2009). "Jaguar cuts 300 jobs as it stops X-Type production at Halewood". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 21 August 2012.
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