||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (August 2011)|
10 December 1963 |
|Highest ranking||No. 1|
|World Open||W (1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1988)|
|Last updated on: 19 September 2010.|
|2nd President of the
World Squash Federation
|Preceded by||Tunku Imran|
|Succeeded by||Narayana Ramachandran|
Jahangir Khan, HI, (born 10 December 1963, in Karachi, Pakistan) (sometimes spelled "Jehangir Khan") is a former World No. 1 professional squash player from Pakistan, who is considered by many to be the greatest player in the history of the game. Jahangir Khan is originally from Neway Kelay, Peshawar. During his career he won the World Open six times and the British Open a record ten times. From 1981 to 1986, he was unbeaten in competitive play. During that time he won 555 matches consecutively, the longest winning streak by any athlete in top-level professional sports as recorded by Guinness World Records. He retired as a player in 1993, and has served as President of the World Squash Federation from 2002 to 2008, when he became Emeritus President.
- 1 Playing career
- 2 Training regimen
- 3 Awards, services and recognition
- 4 Personal life
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Jahangir was coached initially by his father, Roshan, the 1957 British Open champion, then by his late brother Torsam. After his brother's sudden death he was coached by his cousin Rehmat Khan, who guided Jahangir through most of his career. Jahangir was a sickly child and physically very weak. Though the doctors had advised him not to take part in any sort of physical activity, after undergoing a couple of hernia operations his father let him play and try out their family game.[verification needed]
In 1979, the Pakistan selectors decided not to select Jahangir to play in the world championships in Australia, judging him too weak from a recent illness.[verification needed] Jahangir decided instead to enter the World Amateur Individual Championship and, at the age of 15, became the youngest-ever winner of that event.[verification needed]
In November 1979, Jahangir's older brother Torsam, who had been one of the leading international squash players in the 1970s, died suddenly of a heart attack during a tournament match in Australia. Torsam's death profoundly affected Jahangir. He considered quitting the game, but decided to pursue a career in the sport as a tribute to his brother.[verification needed]
- Won World Amateur Championships at age 15
- Youngest ever World Open Champion (aged 17)
- Unbeaten in 555 consecutive matches over 5 years and 8 months
- Won the British Open Championship 10 times in succession (1982-1993)
- Six-times World Open Champion
- First player to win World Open Championships without dropping a game
- Played longest squash match in history (1983) – 2 h, 46 min
Five-year unbeaten run
In 1981, when he was 17, Jahangir became the youngest winner of the World Open, beating Australia's Geoff Hunt (the game's dominant player in the late-1970s) in the final.[verification needed] That tournament marked the start of an unbeaten run which lasted for five years and 555 matches. The hallmark of his play was his incredible fitness and stamina, which Rehmat Khan helped him build up through a punishing training and conditioning regime. Jahangir was quite simply the fittest player in the game, and would wear his opponents down through long rallies played at a furious pace.
In 1982, Jahangir astonished everyone by winning the International Squash Players Association Championship without losing a single point.[verification needed]
The unbeaten run finally came to end in the final of the World Open in 1986 in Toulouse, France, when Jahangir lost to New Zealand's Ross Norman.[verification needed] Norman had been in pursuit of Jahangir's unbeaten streak, being beaten time and time again. "One day Jahangir will be slightly off his game and I will get him", he vowed for five years.[verification needed]
Speaking about his unbeaten streak, Jahangir said: "It wasn't my plan to create such a record. All I did was put in the effort to win every match I played and it went on for weeks, months and years until my defeat to Ross Norman in Toulouse in 1986."
"The pressure began to mount as I kept winning every time and people were anxious to see if I could be beaten. In that World Open final, Ross got me. It was exactly five years and eight months. I was unbeaten for another nine months after that defeat."
Success in the hardball game
With his dominance over the international squash game in the first half of the 1980s secure, Jahangir decided to test his ability on the North American hardball squash circuit in 1983–1986. (Hardball squash is a North American variant of the game, played on smaller courts with a faster-moving ball.) Jahangir played in 13 top-level hardball tournaments during this period, winning 12 of them.[verification needed] He faced the leading American player on the circuit at the time, Mark Talbott, on 11 occasions (all in tournament finals), and won 10 of their encounters.[verification needed] With his domination of both the softball and hardball versions of the game, Jahangir truly cemented his reputation as the world's greatest squash player. His success in North America is considered by some observers to be among the factors which led to growing interest in the international "softball" version of squash in the continent, and the demise of the hardball game in the late-1980s and 1990s.[verification needed]
Rivalry with Jansher Khan
At the end of 1986 another Pakistani squash player, Jansher Khan, appeared on the international scene to challenge Jahangir's domination. Jahangir won their first few encounters in late-1986 and early-1987. But Jansher scored his first win over Jahangir in September 1987, beating him in straight games in the semi-finals of the Hong Kong Open. Jansher then went on to beat Jahangir in their next eight consecutive encounters and capture the 1987 World Open title.[verification needed]
Jahangir ended Jansher's winning streak in March 1988, and went on to win 11 of their next 15 encounters. The pair met in the 1988 World Open final, with Jahangir emerging the victor.[verification needed] But by that point it had become clear that squash now had two dominant players. The pair would continue to dominate the game for the rest of the decade. Jansher and Jahangir met a total of 37 times in tournament play. Jansher won 19 matches (74 games and 1,426 points), and Jahangir 18 matches (79 games and 1,459 points). This record doesn't include exhibition matches and league matches between them.[verification needed]
Jahangir did not win the World Open again after 1988, but he continued a stranglehold over the British Open title which he captured a record ten successive times between 1982 and 1991.[verification needed]
World Open final appearances
|Year||Opponent in final||Score in final|
|1981||Geoff Hunt||7–9, 9–1, 9–2, 9–2|
|1982||Dean Williams||9–2, 6–9, 9–1, 9–1|
|1983||Chris Dittmar||9–3, 9–6, 9–0|
|1984||Qamar Zaman||9–0, 9–3, 9–4|
|1985||Ross Norman||9–4, 4–9, 9–5, 9–1|
|1988||Jansher Khan||9–6, 9–2, 9–2|
|Year||Opponent in final||Score in final|
|1986||Ross Norman||5–9, 7–9, 9–7, 1–9|
|1991||Rodney Martin||17–14, 9–15, 4–15, 13–15|
|1993||Jansher Khan||15–14, 9–15, 5–15, 5–15|
British Open final appearances
|Year||Opponent in final||Score in final|
|1982||Hiddy Jahan||9–2, 10–9, 9–3|
|1983||Gamal Awad||9–2, 9–5, 9–1|
|1984||Qamar Zaman||9–0, 9–3, 9–5|
|1985||Chris Dittmar||9–3, 9–2, 9–5|
|1986||Ross Norman||9–6, 9–4, 9–6|
|1987||Jansher Khan||9–6, 9–0, 9–5|
|1988||Rodney Martin||9–2, 9–10, 9–0, 9–1|
|1989||Rodney Martin||9–2, 3–9, 9–5, 0–9, 9–2|
|1990||Rodney Martin||9–6, 10–8, 9–1|
|1991||Jansher Khan||2–9, 9–4, 9–4, 9–0|
|Year||Opponent in final||Score in final|
|1981||Geoff Hunt||2–9, 7–9, 9–5, 7–9|
In a documentary on himself telecast on GEO Super, Jahangir revealed that he never had any fixed training regimen particularly designed for him, nor had he any specially formulated diet - he would eat anything hygienic but never miss two glasses of milk every day.
For his training, he would often start his day with a 9-mile (14 km) jog which he would complete in 60–120 minutes at a moderate pace, followed by short bursts of timed sprints. Later he would weight train in the gym finally cooling down in the pools. He would follow this routine 5 days a week. On the 6th day he would match practice and rest on the 7th day.[verification needed]
He also said that he has experienced running on every surface - from custom-built tracks to asphalt roads, grass & farm fields to sea shores & knee-deep waters. Sometimes he would also visit the northern areas of Pakistan to train in high altitude fields under low oxygen conditions.[verification needed] All in all it made Jahangir one of the most physically and mentally fit athletes in the world.
Awards, services and recognition
Jahangir retired as a player in 1993 after helping Pakistan win the World Team Championship in Karachi.[verification needed] The Government of Pakistan honoured Jahangir with the awards of Pride of Performance and civil award of Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Crescent of Distinction) for his achievements in squash. They also awarded him the title of Sportsman of the Millennium.[verification needed]
|“||Hashim Khan, Jahangir Khan, and Jansher Khan are the best squash players the world has ever known, with Jahangir the best of the three. If Hollywood only knew his story of tragedy, grit and determination it would make another movie like Chariots of Fire. Many of those who know him consider him the best athlete who ever lived.||”|
In 1990, Jahangir was elected Chairman of the Professional Squash Association, and in 1997, Vice-President of the Pakistan Squash Federation.[verification needed] He was elected as Vice-President of the World Squash Federation in November 1998, and in October 2002 was elected WSF President.[verification needed] In 2004, he was again unanimously re-elected as President of the World Squash Federation at the International Federation's 33rd Annual General Meeting in Casa Noyale, Mauritius.[verification needed]
Time Magazine has named Jahangir as one of Asia's Heroes in the last 60 years. Jahangir Khan was conferred with an honorary Doctorate of Philosophy by London Metropolitan University for his contributions to the sport. Due to his immense and absolute dominance in squash he was nicknamed "The Conqueror" (a loose translation of his first name).
Jahangir and his family originate from a village near Peshawar named Nawakille (sometimes spelled "Noakili"). He currently lives in Karachi with his wife, Rubina, and their children Omar and Marium. He is the cousin of Rehmat Khan who married to Salma Agha and musician Natasha Khan, better known as Bat for Lashes, and actress Sashaa Agha are Jahangir's nieces. He is the son of Roshan Khan and brother of Torsam Khan.
- List of squash players
- Jansher Khan
- World Open
- British Open Squash Championships
- Roshan Khan
- Torsam Khan
- Rehmat Khan
- World Squash Federation
- List of Pakistanis
- "When was Jahangir Khan born?". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "Greatest player". Squashsite. Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- Jahangir injury hastens final exit, The Independent, 24 September 1992
- Jahangir Khan hopes for squash's 2016 Olympic debut, Webindia123.com, 26 August 2008
- Poor Peshawar village home of squash dynasty. Central Asia Online. 15 March 2010.
- "Beyond Sport". beyondsport.org. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- Musharraf, Pervez (2006). In the Line of Fire: A Memoir. Simon & Schuster 2006. pp. 319, Part Six, Chapter 31. ISBN 0-7432-9582-X.
- Poncha, Cyrus (15 November 2005). "Time Magazine Asian Hero: Jahangir Khan".
- Hafiz, Javed. "The civil society has developed into a formidable force". Retrieved 2 March 2010.
- "Bat for Lashes: off the wall". The Daily Telegraph (London). 26 February 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jahangir Khan.|
- Jahangir Khan profile on the PSA official website
- Jahangir Khan profile on SquashInfo
- The Incredible Khans of Squash: Part III Jahangir
- The Khan Family, A Squash Dynasty Part III
- Pakistan Squash - The Khan Supremacy Part VII
- Jahangir Khan page at Squashpics.com
- Details of Jahangir's rivalry with Jansher Khan
- Article on Jahangir's hardball squash rivalry with Mark Talbott
- World Squash Awards
- The KhanSquash Management Group - (archived)
|World No. 1
January 1982 - December 1987
November 1988 - October 1989
March 1990 - April 1990
July 1990 - October 1990
January 1992 - April 1992
July 1992 - December 1992