Makhdoom Jahaniyan Jahangasht مخدوم سید جہانیاں جہانگشت نقوی البخاری (b 1308- d 1384) was a famous Sufi saint from the South Asia. His descendants are known as Bukhari and are a prominent lineage of Suhrawardi Saadat. Makhdoom was born on 19 January 1308 AD (14 Shaban 707 AH) in Uch near Bahawalpur, Pakistan. His father, Syed Ahmed Kabir, was the youngest son of Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari, who came from Bukhara to what is now Pakistan in 630 AH (1232 AD).
Like his grandfather, his actual name was Jalaluddin, but due to his extensive travelling he acquired the title of Jahangasht, meaning "the world tourer".
He completed his education in Uch and Multan. Since the arrival of Syed Jalaluddin Bukhari, his family had been the centre of Islamic propagation in South Asia and due to this prominent status Makhdoom was appointed Shaikh ul Islam by the king Sultan Muhammad Tughlaq. This was a lofty appointment however, Makhdoom left the job and set out for hajj by foot which was considered a noble way to express the devotion to Allah.
Travels and acquisition of knowledge
There are numerous mythical stories of his travels circulating around and they are obviously the fantasies of his overzealous devotees. Makhdoom spent twelve years in traveling and studying. During his seven years stay in Mecca he would study during the day and earn his living by writing the copies of Quran at night. He also stayed in Medina for two years where he was once given the honour of leading the prayers in Masjid al Nabawi. By the end of his travels he became a prolific scholar in the Islamic sciences and ascended to the higher pedestal of Islamic sainthood.
Relations with Feroze Shah Tughlaq
After his return to South Asia, Makhdoom earned enormous respect in the eyes of the king, Feroz Shah Tughlaq, and developed close relations with him. This was a unique act of Makhdoom, as the saints of his time would usually distance themselves from kings.
Feroze Shah would go many miles out of his capital city to welcome Makhdoom when he would visit him every second or third year. When Makhdoom would enter the court of Feroze Shah, the King would stand up to show respect for Makhdoom and when he would leave the court the king would stand up and remain standing until Makhdoom would go out of his sight. People would give Makhdoom their requests for the king which Makhdoom would convey. The King would also offer Makhdoom presents and sums of money which Makhdoom would only accept to help the poor and needy. Makhdoom would spend all of that wealth in alms and charity.
Teachings and sainthood
Makhdoom was a Muslim saint belonging to the Suhrawardiyya Chain of Sufism. He gained profound fame throughout the South Asia. Many students would come to him for the advanced studies of Islam. Not only the students but many religious scholars and Islamic judges would also consult him for guidance. Makhdoom was a strict follower of shariat, saying that he who did not follow shariat in his speech and action could not become wali (the friend of God). He authored many books some parts of which have survived and are still a source of guidance for the posterity.
Makhdoom died at the age of seventy eight on 3 Feb 1384 (10 Zilhajj 785 AH). He is buried in Uch.
His mausoleum in Uch is still an attraction for thousands of devotees. There is a mosque called Masjid e Hajjaj near his mausoleum. It is said that Makhdoom would pray in the same mosque. Baba Fareed ul Din Ganj Shakar and Naseerudin Chiragh Dehlvi also observed Etikaf in this mosque. Bibi Jawindi's mausoleum is a famous tourist attraction and is situated just next to the mausoleum of Makhdoom. She was the first cousin of Makhdoom being related to him as the daughter of his paternal aunt.
Makhdoom Jahaniyan Jahangasht is the father of a large branch of Bukhari Sadaat Hazrat Jalaluddin Haidar Makhdoom Jahanian had six children; one daughter and five sons named Malik Jahan, Syed Nasiruddin Mehmood, Syed abdulla Bahauddin, Syed Mukarramuddin, Syed Hassan kaberuddin, Syed Nooruddin.
Descendants in Sindh-Makhdoom Jahaniyan Sindh
His descendants include many famous sufis specially in Sindh.After the death of Hazrat Makhdoom Jahaniyan Jahangasht, Hazrat Makhdoom Mehmood Nasiruddin qalan was declared as Sajadanasheen Makhdoom Jahaniyan. & then Hazrat Makhdoom Syed Abdullah Burhan u Deen Qutb E Aalam & they migrated to Gujrat (India). Makhdoom Syed Abdullah Burhan u Deen Qutb E Aalam had a son named Makhdoom Syed Shah Alam. After their death following were the sajadanasheens declared generation wise; Makhdoom Syed Burhan Muhammad, Makhdoom Syed Ahmad, Makhdoom Syed Abdul Shakoor, Makhdoom Syed Ahmad and Makhdoom Hazrat Syed Mehmood who migrated to Shahpur Jahaniyan District Nawabshah.His eldest son Makhdoom Muhammad Ali Rajan Sada Bhaag stayed in Uchh as sajadanasheen Makhdoom Jahaniyan.His younger brother Makhdoom Syed Ahmad carried the mission in Sindh. His son Makhdoom Syed Hamid became the sajadanasheen as Makhdoom Jahaniyan Sindh. After their death following are the Sajadanasheens declared generation wise in Sindh; Makhdoom Syed Shah Mehmood, Makhdoom Syed Mehmood Abdul Ghafoor & Makhdoom Syed Ishaq Shah. Makhdoom Syed Ishaq Shah had a son named Makhdoom Syed Weedhal Shah later who was declared as Sajadanasheen Makhdoom Jahaniyan Sindh, their descendents are found residing in Sindh, Pakistan. He built the city named Shahpur Jahaniyan which is in district Nawabshah, Sindh. Afterwords he migrated to the village known as Tando Jahania at Hyderabad. They had 8 Sons.
- Hazrat Syed Hamid Shah (had no child)
- Hazrat Syed Bahawal Shah (As Hazrat Syed Hamid Shah had no children Syed Bahawal Shah was declared 16th Sajadanasheen Makhdoom Jahania of Jahania Family.)
- Hazrat Syed Ishaq Shah
- Hazrat Syed Ghulam Shah (had no child)
- Hazrat Syed Kamil Shah(who went back to their Parental place Shahpur Jahaniyan (Nawabshah), in Hazrat Kamil Shah's 4th Generation a great Poet was born whose name was Faqir Syed Mehdi Shah Jahaniyan, who was buried in Shahpur Jahaniyan's graveyard, In his 4th generation a child named Syed Kamil Shah Jahaniyan was borned later on who migrated to the village known as Muhammad Qasim Bughio near chowdaggi Hala road district Matiari, their tomb is in Shahpur Jahaniyan.)
- Hazrat Syed Buland Shah (Hazrat Syed Buland Shah's Son Syed Abdul Ghafoor Shah shifted to tando abdul ghafoor shah jahaniyan taluka qasimabad, hyderabad.)
- Hazrat Syed Sher Muhammad Shah
- Hazrat Syed Fateh Din Shah
Hazrat Syed Fateh Din Shah's Son, Syed Qutub Ali Shah Jahaniyan was a great poet & saint. His shrine is at Tando Jahania.He had two sons Syed Roshan Ali Shah and Syed Sabit Ali Shah.Syed Roshan Ali Shah had a son, Syed Hadi Bux Shah. His son Noor Hussain Shah is the active successor of Syed Qutub Ali Shah at the moment at Tando Jahania, whereas Syed Sabit Ali Shah had a son, Syed Hussain Ali Shah who had three sons named;
- Hazrat Syed Najaf Ali Shah (Kamtar Naqvi)
- Hazrat Syed Lutf Ali Shah (Manzoor Naqvi)
- Hazrat Syed Faiz Ali Shah (Faiz Naqvi)
Three of them are the well known great poets of Sindh.
Hazrat Syed Fateh Din Shah Jahaniyan is buried in the graveyard known as (wadee dargah), where their Father Hazrat Syed Weedhal Shah III is buried too. Later on it was famous as dargah Syed Dadan Shah Jahaniyan.
After Makhdoom Bahawal Shah Jahaniyan, Makhdoom Syed Muhammad Ali Shah, Makhdoom Syed Dadan Shah Jahaniyan, Makhdoom Syed Weedhal Shah (3rd), & the Present one is Sajadanasheen Makhdoom Jahaniyan Sindh Syed Zawar Hussain Shah Jahaniyan he is known as Syed Zawar Naqvi.