Jahaz Mahal

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Jahaz Mahal
Jahaz Mahal
Front view of Jahaz Mahal, Mehrauli.jpg
Former names Front view of Jahaz Mahal
General information
Type Retreat or Inn
Architectural style Mughal
Location South Delhi
Coordinates 28°30′50″N 72°10′42″E / 28.514°N 72.1783°E / 28.514; 72.1783
Current tenants Ruins
Completed 1452-1526
Client Mughal Dynasty
References
Coordinates

Jahaz Mahal (in Urdu Language ‘Jahaz’ means “Ship” and ‘Mahal’ means “Palace”, the “Ship Palace”), is located next to Hauz-i-Shamsi in Mehrauli, Delhi on its northeastern corner. It was so named, since its reflection (illusion) in the surrounding reservoir looked like a ship floating on a lake. It is inferred to have been built during the Lodi dynasty period (1452–1526) as a pleasure resort, Sarai or an inn.[1][2]

History[edit]

Jahaz Mahal on the bank of Hauz-i-Shamsi

One reason for building the Jahaz Mahal retreat was to provide transit accommodation as a Sarai or (inn) to the large number of pilgrims from Afghanistan, Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Morocco and Turkey who came to Delhi to visit the many Muslim shrines. Another version is that it was built as a retreat for the emperors, Akbar Shah II and Bahadur Shah II and their families, during the summer months, away from the heat and dust of Delhi.[3] Its construction is dated between 1451 AD and 1526 AD, before Babar's invasion and the beginning of Mughal rule in Delhi.[3][4]

Restored lattice-screen,Jahaz Mahal,Mehrauli,New Delhi,India

Structure[edit]

Mihrab in the Jahaz Mahal

The palace is approached from the eastern side. A courtyard, originally in a rectangular shape now seen in ‘U’ shape, is in the center of the palace. The palace has carved impressive square chhatris (six of them with different numbers of pillars – six, eight and twelve) or towers in the corners and the centre, ornamented with beautiful squinches in different chambers and walls (pictures in the gallery). The domed pavilion over the central gate is decorated with blue tiles. A small mosque is also located within the palace, as discerned from a mihrab in a niche on the west wall.[3][5]

Cultural event[edit]

Further information: Phool Walon Ki Sair
A floral Pankha (fan) over the Idol of Yogmaya in the sanctum sanctorum, Yogmaya Temple

Jahaz Mahal is the venue of the annual colorful festival of the Phool Walon Ki Sair (means a procession of the florists) or 'Sair-i-Gulfaroshan' held in October. A procession of flower bedecked pankhas (fans) made and carried by the flower vendors starts from Mehrauli at the overflow outlet of the Hauz-i-Shamsi tank, called "Jharna", stops at the Yogmaya Temple for the first offering of the flower fan as mark of reverence, moves to the Jahaz Mahal and finally ends at the famous dargah of Hazrat Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki for the presentation of the fans and chaddar at Kaki's dargha. It marks the syncretic Hindu-Muslim composite culture. The festival was started by Emperor Akbar Shah II in 1820. It was popularised by Emperor Bahadur Shah II. It was discontinued from 1942 for a time during the British period but was restarted in 1961 at the initiative of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India. The three day festival is held at the Jahaj Mahal where elaborate cultural programmes are organised. Cultural troupes from several States of India perform dances, drama programmes and hold musical soirees (particularly Qawwalis), in their colourful regional costumes and aspire for honours recognising their talent. Fire dancers lead the procession with pankahs.[3][6][7]

Jahaz Mahal,Mehrauli,New Delhi,India

Conservation measures[edit]

The Conservation Society, Delhi,(CSD), established in 1984 as a voluntary organization for preservation of Delhi's environment and architectural heritage with the main objective of creating awareness among the public of Delhi's heritage, conducts seminars, workshops and heritage walks to pramote awareness and pursue conservation activities. Jahaz Mahal is one of the monuments identified by CSD to pursue concerted conservation activities with the agencies responsible for such works, in Mehrauli, Delhi's urban village which is one of 111 such villages identified all over Delhi.[8][9]

Visitor information[edit]

The heritage monument is open on all days of the week from sunrise to sunset. The nearest railway station is Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station. The metro station is at Chattarpur on the Yellow Line. The nearest international airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport. It is easily approachable from any part of the Delhi city by road transport.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Exploring the Mehrauli Archaeological Park: Hauz -e –Shamshi". Retrieved 2009-06-21. [dead link]
  2. ^ Patrick Horton; Richard Plunkett and Hugh Finlay (2002). "Delhi". Jahaj Mahal and Hauz-i-Shamsi (Footscray, Vic.: Lonely Planet). p. 128. ISBN 1-86450-297-5. ISBN 9781864502978. 
  3. ^ a b c d "Communal harmony, the Delhi way". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2004-10-18. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  4. ^ "The Iron Pillar within the mosque at the Qutb Minar (left), The waterfall, the overflow from the Hauz-i-Shamsi, near the Qutb Minar (right)". Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  5. ^ Lucy Peck (2005). "Delhi - A thousand years of Building". Hauz Shamsi (Roli Books Pvt Ltd.). p. 233. ISBN 81-7436-354-8. Retrieved 2009-06-21. "This is an interesting building, U-shaped now, probably once part of a rectangular courtyard. It is possible that it was once part of a serai or even a pleasure palace beside the tank, hence its nautical name Jahaz (means ship). There is mihrab niche on the west wall, probably a private mosque. The roof is adorned with six chhatris with, variously six eight and twelve pillars. Inside there are a matching variety of squinches in the various chambers." 
  6. ^ Arshad, Sameer (2008-09-28). "Attack took place close to emblem of Indian secularism". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  7. ^ "Phool-walon-ki-Sair". Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  8. ^ "The Conservation Society – Delhi". Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  9. ^ "This monument seeks a protector". Retrieved 2009-06-21.