1972 Jai Andhra movement
Jai Andhra movement is a 1972 political movement in support for the creation of Andhra state. In the police firing eight people were killed. It was starred after the failure to implement non local rule for government jobs. Prominent leaders from Coastal Andhra like Gouthu Latchanna, B. V. Subba Reddy, Kakani Venkataratnam, Vasantha Nageshwar Rao etc. participated in the agitation. It was a sequel to the 1969 Telangana movement.
Demands of the activists
The activists demanded that the safeguards for Telangana region be removed for continuation of Andhra Pradesh. The demands were
- Mulkhi rules (Local quota) be removed
- Supreme Court order in favour of locals repealed
- Telangana Regional committee dissolved
- Replace two budgets, one for Telangana region and one for Andhra region into one state budget
Under the Mulki rules in force at the time, anyone who had lived in Hyderabad for 15 years was considered a local, and was thus eligible for certain government posts. When the Supreme Court upheld the Mulki rules at the end of 1972, the Jai Andhra movement, with the aim of re-forming a separate state of Andhra, was started in Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions.
In 1972, Gouthu Latchanna took a leading role in the Jai Andhra movement started by students of Andhra University demanding the division of Andhra Pradesh into old Andhra state and Telangana state on the issue of "Mulkhi" rules. He was imprisoned in Mushirabad Central Jail and released in 1973.
In the police firing eight people were killed. Kakani Venkataratnam, a former minister, died of shock at the height of separate Andhra agitation on December 25, 1972 when eight people were killed in police firing.
Removal of Mukhi rules and all other demands were met and a six-point formula was put in place.
After nine ministers from Andhra region in the P. V. Narasimha Rao cabinet resigned, he had to resign as Chief minister of Andhra Pradesh on 10 January 1973, and President's rule was imposed in the state.
- "Bitter memories". Hinduonnet.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14.
- In 1972, Sri Latchanna took a leading role in the Jai-Andhra movement launched by the students of the Andhra University