Jai Hind

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Indian commemorative post-mark of "Jai Hind"

Jai Hind (Hindi: जय हिन्द) is a salutation, slogan and battle cry most commonly used in India in speeches and communications pertaining to or referring to patriotism towards India (also known as Hind). It translates roughly to "Hail India" or "Victory to India"[1] or "Long live India".[2] The term was claimed to be coined by Chempakaraman Pillai, of Indian Independence Movement and Hindu–German Conspiracy. But researchers had stated that it was first coined by Major Abid Hasan Safrani of the Indian National Army as a shortened version of Jai Hindustan Ki (translation: Victory to India).[3][4] It has since captured the imagination of Indians and has been immortalized by Subhas Chandra Bose as the battle cry of the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauj).

The Jai Hind postmark was the first commemorative postmark of Independent India, and was issued on the day of independence, 15 August 1947.

In popular culture[edit]

An old building in Katni built in commemoration India's freedom, with statues of Jawaharlal Nehru, Mohandas K. Gandhi and Subhas Chandra Bose, with Jai Hind written in English and Hindi.

A follower of S.C. Bose, Ramchandra Moreshwar Karkare of Gwalher Madhya Bharat, wrote a patriotic drama Jai Hind based on facts and published a book in Hindi, Jai Hind. Later, Ramchandra Karkare became Congress president of Central India Province. He took part in the freedom struggle with Chandra Shekhar Azad.

The phrase is what the radio announcer says on All India Radio at the end of the broadcast. The term occurs in the patriotic song "Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo" sung by Lata Mangeshkar in 1963.[5] Jai Hind (1999) is also a Hindi film, made by actor-director Manoj Kumar.[6] The comedy show Jay Hind! (2009) is also named after it, and numerous institutions like Jai Hind College, Mumbai, as well as media entities like Jai Hind Gujarati newspaper and JaiHind TV.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chopra, Pram Nath (2003). A comprehensive history of modern India. Sterling Publishing. p. 283. ISBN 81-207-2506-9. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  2. ^ James, Lawrence (1997). The Rise and Fall of the British Empire. Macmillan. p. 548. ISBN 978-0-312-16985-5. Retrieved 17 February 2010. 
  3. ^ Leonard A. Gordon (1990). Brothers Against the Raj. Columbia University Press. 
  4. ^ "A tale of two cities". The Hindu. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Chaturvedi, Mamta (2004). Filmi & non-filmi songs. Diamond Pocket Books. p. 38. ISBN 81-288-0299-2. 
  6. ^ Jai Hind at the Internet Movie Database