|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Alipurduars (ST)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Kalchini (ST)|
Jaigaon (Nepali: जयगाउँ) is a small town in Jalpaiguri district in the Indian state of West Bengal, near the Bhutan border. The town lies at the gateway to Bhutan – Phuentsholing, and is thus a very thriving place of trade. The main source of income for the vast majority of people here is through the Bhutanese citizens that come down to Jaigaon in order to buy their monthly and weekly ration.
The main entrance to Bhutan is through Jaigaon. As Bhutan is a Himalayan Kingdom, it does not have roads linking to all its towns. Thus, Bhutan uses Indian roads to reach some of its cities, namely Samtse, Gomtu and Samdrup Jongkhar. Bagdogra (Siliguri) is the nearest airport, and Kolkata its nearest port, where goods to Bhutan are brought to. India offers a free flow of goods from Kolkata port to Bhutan.
Being a border town Jaigaon has secular population who lives in a brotherhood manner within themselves.People from all parts of the country and have resided here just in search of job or to do business.The major population consists of Bengali, Bihari, Marwari, Nepali. Mech one of the scheduled tribes of the country resides in lower part of the city commonly called Mechia Basti. Also the most preserved tribe of India the TOTOS reside on the other side of the river Torsha beneath the mighty Himalayas,though that part doesn't fall in the part of the city but still its in the neighborhood of the city. Though the place is quite peaceful but due to some political uprisings in the Dooars in the recent years have added to the discomfort of the local people as strikes and political rallies affect the daily work schedule of the common masses.
The weather of Jaigaon is pleasant and has a Mediterranean type of climate. The place gets a bounty of rainfall all throughout the year irrespective of the general climate pattern of the country.
Jaigaon is located at .
However, with the younger generations taking over from their preceding generations, there are brightened hopes of a holistic development in the part of the world. We can expect to see more schools, hospitals and other basic infrastructure coming up in the near future.
As of 2007[update] India census, Jaigaon had a population of 1,58,664.[not in citation given] Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jaigaon has an average literacy rate of 90%, much higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 90%, and female literacy is 90%. In Jaigaon, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age. On the whole its a developing place.Jaigaon is a densely populated town, with Nepali speaking majority.
Schools of Jaigaon have always provided good learning facilities to students. Regional students and Students from Phuentsholing, a city in Bhutan come to study in Jaigaon. There has been a decent growth in the number of schools. SHMD is the best school over here. St. Anthony Convent School, B.D Memorial, Sunrise, St. John's are some of the other notable schools in Jaigaon. As there is only one college in Jaigaon that has only arts stream and students from vicinity also come here and pursue their studies. Most of the students from Jaigaon move to Kolkata And Siliguri for their higher studies. Some of the students have achieved high excellent careers in engineering. After class 10 students are going to coaching hubs of the country like Kota, Delhi, Hyderabad, Vizag to get trained and earn high academic excellence. Some study in colleges like IITs, NITs, Jadavpur University and have also been placed in PSU'S and MNC'S.
- District-wise list of stautory towns
- "Yahoo maps location of Jaigaon". Yahoo maps. Retrieved 2008-12-07.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.