|President of the Assembly of the Republic|
16 March 2005 – 21 June 2011
|Preceded by||Mota Amaral|
|Succeeded by||Maria da Assunção Esteves|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
9 June 1983 – 6 November 1985
|Prime Minister||Mário Soares|
|Preceded by||Vasco Futscher Pereira|
|Succeeded by||Pedro Pires de Miranda|
28 October 1995 – 6 April 2002
|Prime Minister||António Guterres|
|Preceded by||José Manuel Durão Barroso|
|Succeeded by||Teresa Gouveia|
|Member of the Assembly of the Republic|
31 May 1983 – 20 June 2011
13 November 1980 – 31 May 1983
3 June 1976 – 13 November 1980
|Born||8 June 1947
Senhora da Rosa, Fajã de Baixo, Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, Azores, Portugal
|Political party||Socialist Party|
|Alma mater||Classic University of Lisbon|
|Profession||Philosopher, University Professor, Journalist|
He is a son of Jaime da Rosa Ferreira da Gama (Matriz, Horta, Faial, Azores, January 1914 – Lisbon, 29 July 2003) and wife Lucília Vaz do Rego de Matos (São Sebastião, Ponta Delgada, São Miguel, Azores, 12 September 1916 – Hospital Militar, Estrela, Lisbon, 21 September 1987).
He graduated as a Licentiate in Philosophy from the Faculty of Letters of the University of Lisbon. He was involved in the opposition to the fascist Estado Novo (New State) regime, since his youth, and was first arrested, aged only 18, due to an article published in the local press. He was a member of the socialist CEUD in the campaign for the 1969 legislative elections, won by the National Union (the regime party), due to massive fraud. He was a journalist of the opposition newspaper República, in the last years of the fascist regime.
He was a founder of the Socialist Party, in the German exile of Bad-Munstereifel. He was elected for his Party as a Deputy to the Assembly of the Republic for the Azores from 1975 and for Lisbon from 1983. In the 1st Constitutional Government, he was Minister of Internal Affairs (1976–1978), and Minister of Foreign Affairs in the 9th Constitutional Government, from 1983 to 1985. He returned to the same ministry, in António Guterres' governments, from 1995 to 2002, and was also Minister of State and Minister of National Defence, in 1999, and Minister of State from 1999 to 2002. He was President of the United Nations Security Council during June 1998. He was the chairman of the Presidency of the Council of Europe from 1 January 2002, until 6 April 2002, when he lost his post as Foreign Minister when the new government of José Manuel Durão Barroso took office in Portugal. In 2005, he became the new and 12th President of the Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República), the Portuguese parliament, until 2011. He served as a Member of Parliament between 1975 and 2011.
Presently, he is a member of the General Council of the University of Lisbon, of the Supervisory Board and of the Strategy Board of the Political Studies Institute, both of the Lisbon Catholic University, of the European Council on Foreign Relations and of the Aspen Ministers Forum.
In addition, he is the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the bank Novo Banco dos Açores, Chairman of the Supervisory Board for the electronic newspaper “Observador" and a member of the Board of Directors of the Francisco Manuel dos Santos Foundation.
He lives in Lisbon with his wife.
He was awarded with the Grand Crosses of the Order of Christ, the Order of Prince Henry (Ordem do Infante Dom Henrique), the Order of Liberty and the Order of St Michael and St George.
- Os Presidentes do Parlamento (Presidents of the Portuguese Parliament), Assembly of the Republic