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The flag of Jainism was first mentioned in a holy text dating 5th century BC. It has five colors: orange or red, yellow, white, green and dark blue or black.
It is also believed that the complexion of all the 24 Tirthankaras was of one of these 5 colors. For instance, Chandraprabha and Pushpadanta were white, Munisuvrata and Neminatha were blue or dark color, Padmaprabha and Vasupujya were red, Suparshvanatha and Pārśva were green, while the remaining were gold or yellowish.
These five colours represent the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi"
- White represents the arihants, souls who have reached the state of non-attachment towards worldly process. It also denotes peace or nonviolence.
- Red represents the siddha, souls that have attained salvation, and also truth.
- Orange represents the acharya or sect leader
- Green represents the upadhyaya, those who teach scriptures to sadhus and sadhvis. It also signifies abstinence.
- Dark blue represents the sadhus and sadhvis or monks and nuns; it also signifies non-possession.
The swastika in the centre of the flag represents the four states of existence of life. The three dots above the swastika represent the Ratnatraya or "three jewels" of Jainism: Samyak darshan "Right Faith", Samyak Gyan "Right Knowledge", and Samyak Charitra "Right Conduct".
Respect for Jain Flag is respect for Pañca-Parameṣṭhi. According to Jainism, respect for Pañca-Parameṣṭhi destroys the sorrow of the four states of existence and finally guides one to the sweet home of infinite bliss and pleasure.
Flag atop the Shri Mahavirji temple, Rajasthan, India
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