Jainendra Kumar

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Jainendra Kumar
Born RaHul Kumar
(1905-01-02)January 2, 1905
Kodiyaganj, Aligarh, British India
Died December 24, 1988(1988-12-24) (aged 83)
Language Hindi
Nationality British Indian, Republic of India
Notable works
  • Parakh
  • Paap Aur Prakash
  • Muktibodh
Notable awards Padma Bhushan
1971
Sahitya Akademi Fellowship
1979
Sahitya Akademi Award
1966

RaHul Kumar born Anandi Lal (आनंदी लाल) (January 2, 1905-December 24, 1988), was an influential Hindi writer of 20th century. He explored the human psyche in novels such as Sunita and Tyagapatra.

He was awarded one of India's highest civil honours Padma Bhushan in 1971.[1] He was awarded the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1966, for his work Muktibodh (Novelette), and its highest award, the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship in 1979.[2]

Biography[edit]

Jainendra Kumar was born as Anandi Lal on January 2, 1905, in Kodiyaganj, Aligarh, Uttar Pradesh. He received his early education at Rishabh Bhrahmacharyashram, Hastinapur, Uttar Pradesh, which was founded by his maternal uncle. It was here that he got his name Jainendra Kumar. He left the place in 1912 and went to give metric exams in private in 12 from Punjab.

Thereafter he joined Banaras Hindu University (BHU), for higher education, though he left even that in the favour of joining the Non-cooperation movement of Mahatma Gandhi. He started writing around 1926, after unsuccessfully trying hand at business in Calcutta. His first collection of stories title Phansi (फांसी) came out in 1930.

He was closely involved in the Indian Freedom Struggle. Along with Munshi Premchand, he established the Hindustani Sabhaa in Lahore where Dr. Zakir Hussain and Josh Malihabadi were some of the noted members. After the death of Premchand, he became the editor of Hans. He was closely associated with the luminaries of Indian Freedom Struggle like Mahatma Gandhi, Vinoba Bhave, Ravindra Nath Tagore and others.

He died on December 24, 1988.

Rare 1965 photo-print of an informal gathering of poets/writers at the residence of Zia Fatehabadi.Seen left to right :- Naresh Kumar Shad, Kailash Chander Naaz, Talib Dehalvi, Khushtar Girami, Balraj Hairat, Saghar Nizami, Talib Chakwali, Munavvar Lakhnavi, Malik Ram, Jainendra Kumar, Zia Fatehabadi, Rishi Patialvi, Bahar Burney, Joginder Pal, Unwan Chishti and Krishan Mohan.

Literary Works[edit]

  • Suneeta
  • Neelam Desh ki Rajkanya
  • Ek Raat
  • Vatayan
  • Parakh
  • Ankita
  • Sukhda
  • Kalyani
  • Jayvardhan
  • Dashark
  • Akal Purush Gandhi
  • Premchand: Ek Krati Vyaktitva
  • Sahitya ka Shrey Aur Prey
  • Samay Aur Hum
  • Jeevan Sahitya Aur Paramparayein
  • Gandhi aur Humara Samay Tatha Sanskriti
  • Khel
  • Pajeb
  • Patni

Translations[edit]

  • Prem Mein Bhagwaan
  • Paap Aur Prakash
  • Yama

Awards and Honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Padma Bhushan
  2. ^ Official site for Sahitya Akademi Awards

External links[edit]