Jainism in Southeast Asia

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Jainism in Southeast Asia is a minority religion in Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore etc. However, the civilization of India in general, has influenced the languages, scripts, calendars, and artistic aspects of these peoples and nations.

History[edit]

There are references in Jain texts to various areas of Southeast Asia.[1] During the reign of Samprati, Jain teachers were sent to various countries in South East Asia.[2]

Prominent Jains (e.g., Jain monk Kshullaka Prayatna Sagar[3]) from India have visited South East Asia for the purpose of representing Jainism, guiding the local Jain community and interacting with the members of other religious faiths, notably Buddhism.

Regions[edit]

Burma[edit]

Jain texts refer to ancient Burma as Suvarnabhumi. Kalakacharya, a Jain monk, is said to have visited Burma.[4][1]

About 5000 Jain families lived in Myanmar before Word War II. Almost all of the families have now left Myanmar.[5] Now, Myanmar has about three or four Jain families and a Jain temple exists in Rangoon.[6][7] The temple has been built with romanesque architecture, and it exists on the 29th street in the Latha township locality of old Rangoon.[8] The Yangon Heritage Trust has been lobbying to preserve this temple, along with other prominent landmarks of old Rangoon.[9]

Cambodia[edit]

There is no evidence of Jainism in Cambodia.[10]

Indonesia[edit]

A small Jain community exists in Indonesia. The community organizes various Jain festivals in Jakarta. The community organization is called Jain Social Group, Indonesia.[11]

Laos[edit]

There is no presence of Jainism in Laos.

Malaysia[edit]

There are about 2500 Jains in Malaysia. It is believed some of them came to Malacca in the 15th or 16th century.[12]

The first Jain temple in Malaysia is located at Ipoh, Perak and was consecrated in 2012.[13][14] There is also a Jain temple in Kuala Lumpur.[15] The temple is located in the Bangsar locality of Kuala Lumpur and was built using 4000 kilograms of marble from India.[16] Malaysia's Human Resources Minister Subramaniam Sathasivam was present during the inauguration of the temple in 2011.[17]

The Jain community actively celebrates Jain festivals like Paryushan.[18]

The Philippines[edit]

There is no presence of Jainism in the Philippines.

Singapore[edit]

Jains have settled in Singapore since the beginning of this century just before or after the first world war (1910 – 1914).[19]

As of 2006, there are 1,000 Jains in Singapore.[20]

Thailand[edit]

Historically, Jain monks had taken Jain images to Thailand via Sri Lanka. A nude Jain image is worshipped as an image of Buddha at Chiangmai.[21] However, due to a rigid emphasis on austerity, Jainism did not take root in Thailand.[21]

Currently, there are about 600 Jain families in Thailand, mainly in Bangkok.[22][23] The Jain community in Thailand in not united, unlike the Jain communities in Singapore, the United States etc. Separate Jain temples exist for the Digambara and the Svetmabara Jain communities.[24] The Digambar Jain Foundation was established in 2007.[25]

The Jain community also sponsors local Thai PhD students to pursue higher studies in Jainism.[26] Some restaurants in Thailand serve Jain food.[27][28]

A majority of the diamond cutting and polishing business in Bangkok is handled by the Jain community.[29]

Vietnam[edit]

There is no presence of Jainism in Vietnam.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "on www.jainsamaj.org ( Jainism, Ahimsa News, Religion, Non-Violence, Culture, Vegetarianism, Meditation, India. )". Jainsamaj.org. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  2. ^ "Framing the Jina: Narratives of Icons and Idols in Jain History - John Cort - Google Books". Books.google.com. 2009-11-16. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  3. ^ "No Pain, No Jain | Bangkok Post: multimedia". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  4. ^ "Faith & Philosophy of Jainism - Arun Kumar Jain - Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  5. ^ "Motiba's tattoos: a granddaughter's journey into her Indian family's past - Mira Kamdar - Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  6. ^ "Yangon, Myanmar: A 'City That Captured Time' (PHOTOS)". Huffingtonpost.com. 2012-06-26. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  7. ^ "Jain Diaspora Convention(JDC) 2009 - JAINA-JainLink". Jaina.org. 2009-07-02. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  8. ^ "A Stroll through Old Rangoon". Dream Of A City. 2013-01-24. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  9. ^ Brady, Brendan (2012-08-13). "Burma: Progress Puts Rangoon’s Architectural Past at Risk | TIME.com". World.time.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  10. ^ "Jainism Ahimsa News Religious Non-Violence Celebrities Literature Philosophy Matrimonial Institutions". Jainsamaj.org. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  11. ^ "Magazine | Locations | Indonesia | Jakarta | Jain Social Group Indonesia Organized The 1st Event Of Kshama Yachana At Sadhu Vasvani Center, Jakarta". Herenow4u.net. 2012-11-29. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  12. ^ "on www.jainsamaj.org ( Jainism, Ahimsa News, Religion, Non-Violence, Culture, Vegetarianism, Meditation, India. )". Jainsamaj.org. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  13. ^ "Jain Heritage Centre - Jainism Abroad - Malaysia". Jainheritagecentres.com. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  14. ^ "Jain temples in India and around the world - Laxmi Mall Singhvi, Tarun Chopra - Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  15. ^ chandaram dewasi pujari says: (2011-11-17). "New Jain Temple in Kuala Lampur, Malaysia". The Chakra News. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  16. ^ "Archives | The Star Online". Thestar.com.my. 2011-11-13. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  17. ^ "Malaysian Minister Subramaniam: Agencies Which "Recycle" Maids Will Have Their Licence Revoked Immediately". Nam News Network. 2011-11-12. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  18. ^ Chavan, Mahavir S. (2009-08-27). "Jain News: Gujaratis in Malysia fast during Paryushan". Jainsamachar.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  19. ^ "History of Jainism in Singapore". Retrieved 2012-03-24. 
  20. ^ "Jainism Joins National Inter-Faith Organization (Singapore)". Retrieved 2011-01-13. 
  21. ^ a b "Sri Lanka Past and Present - L. R. Reddy - Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  22. ^ "Magazine | Locations | Thailand | Bangkok | Shri Digamber Jain Samaj ►Bangkok, Thailand". Herenow4u.net. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  23. ^ "Report ISSJS2009 Bangkok | International School for Jain Studies". Isjs.in. 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  24. ^ Anuj Jain (2008-04-20). "Digamber Jain Mandir- Bangkok,Thailand". Djfmandir.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  25. ^ "Indian Associations - Embassy of India,Bangkok - Thailand". Indianembassy.in.th. 2013-05-31. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  26. ^ "Indians in Thailand - Shri Digamber Jain Samaj, Bangkok". Thaindian.com. Retrieved 2013-09-29. 
  27. ^ "Chiang Mai Citylife: This is Thailand". Chiangmainews.com. 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  28. ^ "Baluchi Restaurant - Phuket - Patong Beach Restaurants & Dining". Phuket. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 
  29. ^ "Inside Knowledge: Streetwise in Asia - Michael Backman - Google Books". Books.google.com. 2005-06-16. Retrieved 2014-02-16. 

External links[edit]