West Jaintia Hills district

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West Jaintia Hills district
Jaintia
District of Meghalaya
Country India
State Meghalaya
Headquarters Jowai
Government
 • Assembly seats 4
Area
 • Total 1,693 km2 (654 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 270,352
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 53%
Major highways NH-44, NH-40
Website Official website

West Jaintia Hills (Pron: ˈʤeɪnˌtɪə) is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. The united district (Jaintia Hills District) was created in 22 February 1972 and occupied an area of 3819 km2. It had a population of 295,692 (as of 2001). The district is part of the Meghalaya subtropical forests ecoregion.With the bifurcation of the erstwhile Jaintia Hills District into East and West Jaintia Hills District, West Jaintia Hills District came into existence on 31 July 2012 with its headquarters at Jowai. Jowai is the host of all the heads of important governmental offices and establishments, educational institutions, hospitals, banking institutions, etc. [1]


Geography[edit]

The total area of the district is 1693 km2. The district comprises one Civil Sub-Division Viz. Amlarem Civil Sub-Division and three Community and Rural Development Blocks viz. Amlarem C&RD Block, Laskein C&RD Block and Thadlaskein C&RD Block with the following boundaries:

  • North – Assam
  • South – Bangladesh and East Jaintia Hills District
  • East – Assam
  • West – East Khasi Hills District

[2]

Economy[edit]

View of MCL Cement plant, Lumshnong, East Jaintia Hills

Although the mainstay of the district is agriculture, however due to the abundance of Limestone, plenty of Cement factories have been set up in the district(now East Jaintia Hillls). More are set to come up. Coal mining at sites like Lad Rymbai(East Jaintia Hills District) is also one of the major activities set up here.Coal mined here is mostly exported to Bangladesh and Assam. Most of the coal mining sites are now situated in the East Jaintia Hills District.

Divisions[edit]

Administrative divisions[edit]

United Jaintia Hills district was divided into five blocks. With the bifurcation of the erstwhile district, West Jaintia Hills is divided into three blocks:[3]

Name Headquarters Population Location
Amlarem Amlarem
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Amlarem.png
Laskein Laskein
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Laskein.png
Thadlaskein Thadlaskein
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Thadlaskein.png

East Jaintia Hills District is divided into two blocks, namely:

Name Headquarters Population Location
Khliehriat Khliehriat
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Khliehriat.png
Saipung Saipung
Jaintia Hills Subdivisions Saipung.png

Transport[edit]

Since it is land locked region and lack of railways and airport, the only means of transportation is roadways. The main highway which runs through the district is NH 40 and NH 44.

Demographics[edit]

The district has a total population of 2,70,352, of which 1,34,406 are males and 1,35,946 are females. The density of population is 159.69 per km2.

Languages[edit]

The common dialect in West Jaintia hills is Pnar, belonging to the Khasi language. Other dialects include War Jaintia speaking to the southern part of the district and Hmar/Biate, spoken by approximately 20,000 members of its namesake tribe.[4] The Biate resided in the Sutnga elaka (East Jaintia Hills District), which are believed to have similar culture to that of mizo tribe. It is said that their language is also very similar to that of the mizo. Moreover their dress is very similar to that of the naga and mizo tribe.As per The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Orders (Amendment) Act, 1976 and The Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order (Amendment) Act, 1987, the Biates are listed as one of the Kuki tribes.

Culture[edit]

Places of interest[edit]

West Jaintia Hills boasts of exquisite natural beauty. Few of the places of interest in Jaintia hills are listed below:

  • Monolith in Nartiang[5] - Touted as the tallest monolith in the world.
  • Jowai: Jowai, the headquarters of the West Jaintia Hills district is situated 64 km from the national highway. A picturesque town circled by the majestic Myntdu River.
  • Thadlaskein Lake: 56 km from Shillong. According to legend this lake was dug with the ends of bows by members of 290 clans of USajiar Niangli, a rebel general of Jaintia Raja, to commemorate the great exodus of the clans.
  • Megalithic Remnants- Nartiang: 65 km from Shillong, was the summer capital of the Jaintia Kings, of Sutnga State. Huge monoliths, form the striking landmark of the village. The Nartiang menhir measures 27 feet 6 inches in thickness.
  • Syndai: An important village of West Jaintia Hills which is famous for a number of caves and caverns in the limestone-borne area, used as hide-outs during war times between Jaintia Hills and foreign intruders.
  • Syntu Ksiar: Syntu Ksiar, which means 'golden flower' is a vast pool of calm water, where the river Myntdu which almost encircles Jowai, appears to come to a sudden halt providing a remarkably beautiful scene.

Education[edit]

Although West Jaintia Hills is not known as an education hub. Good schools and colleges do exist in Jowai and Khliehriat. Prominent Colleges in West Jaintia hills include Jowai Polytechnic A reputed and the only Nursing School in the district namely Dr. Norman Tunnel Hospital School Of Nursing, Thomas Jones College and Kiang Nangbah Govt. College, Jowai which offers degree courses in arts and science. Jowai has good schools too for Secondary and Higher Secondary level.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://jaintia.nic.in/index.htm
  2. ^ http://jaintia.nic.in
  3. ^ The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India, New Delhi, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India (2011) (in English) (PDF). Meghalaya Administrative Divisions (Map). http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/maps/administrative_maps/MEGHALAYA.pdf. Retrieved 2011-09-29.
  4. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Biete: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  5. ^ "Tallest Monolith". 2009-02-17. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 25°27′N 92°12′E / 25.450°N 92.200°E / 25.450; 92.200