Jaipurhat District

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Joypurhat
জয়পুরহাট
District
Coordinates: 25°06′N 89°02′E / 25.10°N 89.03°E / 25.10; 89.03Coordinates: 25°06′N 89°02′E / 25.10°N 89.03°E / 25.10; 89.03
Country  Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
Established February 26, 1984 (before it was a Mohokuma of Bogra District)
Area
 • Total 965.4 km2 (372.7 sq mi)
Population (2011 census)[1]
 • Total 913,768
 • Density 950/km2 (2,500/sq mi)
Demonym Bangladeshi
Literacy rate
 • Total 60.29%
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 5900
Website Joypurhat District

Joypurhat (Bengali: জয়পুরহাট জেলা,[ˈbaŋla] ( ) Joypurhat Jela also Joypurhat Zila) is a district of Rajshahi Division. The location is in the northern part of Bangladesh.

History[edit]

Ancient History[edit]

Joypurhat was an area of Pala Empire & Sena dynasty from a long age. Till 16th and 17th centuries, there was no clear info about Joypurhat. In old age 'Baghabarihat(Bengali-বাঘাবাড়ীহাট)' was the local name of Joypurhat and Later 'Gopendraganjahat (Bengali-গোপেন্দ্রগঞ্জহাট)' was used in many archives. Once 'Lalbazar Thana(Bengali-লালবাজার থানা)' was established by containing the present Joypurhat Sadar Upazila and Panchbibi Upazila. The thana (upazila/sub-district) was located at east side of Small Jamuna River named 'Puranapoil(Bengali-পুরানাপৈল)'. Then Puranapoil Union was known as 'Karimanagar(Bengali-করিমনগর)'. Post Office was established in Lalbazar Thana. The sub-registry office was in 'Nawabganj(Bengali-নবাবগঞ্জ)' named place, east side of Akkelpur Railway Station. There were many 'NeelKuthi(নীলকুঠি)' established in this area. At that era Lalbazar Thana was a town. Then that was the only one work place of ordinary people for their livelihood. From Lalbazar Thana, Small Jamuna River gorge, the whole travel, commerce and trade were maintained. At that period Lalbazar Thana, Khetlal Upazila & Badalgachhi Upazila were contained by Dinajpur District. For being big size of Dinajpur District, Rangpur District & Rajshahi District a new district came out named Bogra District from the three districts. It was declared 1821. At that time Bogra District occupied by Adamdighi, Bogra Sadar, Sherpur from Rajshahi District; two upazila from Rangpur District and Khetlal Upazila, Badalgachhi Upazila,Lalbazar Thana from Dinajpur. Later in December 16, 1868, Lalbazar Police Thana was moved in 'Khasbaguri(Bengali-খাসবাগুড়ী)'. The local name of Khasbabri was Panchbibi. In 1884, from Kolkata District to Jalpaiguri District in British Raj the rail way line established. Among this rail way line 8 railway station was built in the present Joypurhat District. In that time 'Baghabari(Bengali-বাঘাবাড়ী)' was the local name of Joypurhat and Baghabari Railway Station was the name of Joypurhat Railway Station. After establishing the railway station the people gathered more in railway beside area more than the river beside area of Small Jamuna River. People in the surrounding villages of railway have increased gradually settled. Gradually the 'Khanjanapur(Bengali-খঞ্জনপুর)' and 'Lalbazar Hat(Bengali-লালবাজার হাট)' goes extinct. Baghabari Hat became famous. After Being popular area, the name of 'Baghabari Railway Station' was replaced by the name Joypurhat Railway Station. And from that the whole area are known to Joypurhat to all.

Some says that, Joypurhat was renamed from the name of Pala Empire King JoyPal who ruled here in his period.

Early History[edit]

Joypurhat

Sub-districts[edit]

Joypurhat has 5 subdistricts (upazillas):

upazila Bengali url link area (km²) population
Joypurhat জয়পুরহাট সদর উপজেলা Official website 238.5 2,56,691
Akkelpur আক্কেলপুর উপজেলা Official website 139.47 1,28,952
Kalai কালাই উপজেলা Official website 166.30 1,29,329
Khetlal ক্ষেতলাল উপজেলা Official website 142.60 1,15,871
Panchbibi পাঁচবিবি উপজেলা Official website 278.53 2,40,979

River[edit]

Bangladesh is a country of many rivers. There are 5 rivers in Joypurhat District.

Road[edit]

Joypurhat is a small district in Rajshahi Division. It has 342.59 km cobbled road, 61.59 km semi-cobbled road and 1569 km raw road.

Railway Station[edit]

Joypurhat contains 8 railway stations. The total Railway of joypurhat is 38.86 km.

Joypurhat Railway Station was established in 1884 in British Raj period. It is a very important railway station in the northern part of Bangladesh.

Administration[edit]

Deputy Commissioner (DC): Mohammad Yasin (Bengali- মোহাম্মদ ইয়াছিন) [2]
Mayor : MD Abdul Aziz Mollah (Bengali- মোঃ আব্দুল আজিজ মোল্লা) [2]

Parliament Seats[edit]

Joypurhat has two parliament seats. Joypurhat-1 = Joypurhat & Panchbibi. Joypurhat-2 = Kalai,Khetlal & Akkelpur.

Constituency
NO.
Constituency
Name
Extent Present Jatiyo Sangshad MP In Bengali Political Party Legislature Selection Occupied
34
Joypurhat-1
(details)
Joypurhat Sadar Upazila
Panchbibi Upazila
Advocate Shamsul Alam Dudu
এ্যাডভোকেট সামসুল আলম দুদু
Bangladesh Awami League 10th Parliament 5 January 2014
35
Joypurhat-2
(details)
Akkelpur Upazila
Kalai Upazila
Khetlal Upazila
Abu Sayeed Al Mahmud Swapan
আবু সাঈদ আল মাহমুদ স্বপন
Bangladesh Awami League 10th Parliament 5 January 2014

Economy[edit]

Joypurhat is called the store-house of food of Bangldesh. Joypurhat is famous & top in Bangladesh for production of all the agricultural products. Joypurhat's economy is mainly based on seasonal crops & truits like Rice, Potato, Wheat, Onions, Mango, Jackfruits, Banana etc. It also produces a huge amount of sugarcane and it holds the country's largest sugar mill, Joypurhat Sugar Mill's Limited. There are also a lot of Industry, Rice mill & Poultry farm in this district. It export about all kinds of agricultural products everyday. Hili port is very close to Joypurhat district, so many people of this district do export-import business by this port & about all the vehicles of this port run over this district.

Education[edit]

The Second Girls Cadet College of Bangladesh is situated in Joypurhat since 2005 named Joypurhat Girls Cadet College. R.B. Govt. High School is a reputed high school in Joypurhat.

In Joypurhat District: tribal population account for approx. 2.25% of the population. Ethnic nationals: Santal, Orao, Munda, Mahali (Mahle), Koch, Pahan, Buna, Ho, Mahato, Rajbangshi etc. are noted tribes. Total tribal population: 48,000 (2001).com

Religion[edit]

The district of Joypurhat has 2573 mosques, 186 mosque-based library, 675 trained Imam, 2200 Imam, 424 temples, 21 churches and 18 Buddhist temples.[citation needed] Hinda - Kasba Shahi Mosque is one of the beautiful mosque in Joypurhat.

Culture[edit]

Joypurhat is a district of rural or rich folk culture. In British Raj period, many festivals such as keerton(কীর্তন), jaree(জারী), palagaan(পালাগান), kabigaan(কবিগান), baul(বাউল), murshidee(মুর্শিদী), lokgeeti(লোকগীতি), bhaoyaiya(ভাওয়াইয়া), jattra(যাত্রা) etc. was held on various occasion. The district bhaoyaiya song expose. These festivals was sponsored by the wealthy and overload men. After 1971, many cultural organizations established in this district level and upazila level. Now-a-days even the different obstacles and constraints, the Cultural Activities is running well.

Cultural Group[edit]

  • Joypurhat Shilpakala Academy (জয়পুরহাট শিল্প কলা একাডেমী)
  • Joypurhat Shishu Academy (জয়পুরহাট শিশু একাডেমী)
  • Conference of the National Council of Rabindra Sangeet (জাতীয় রবীন্দ্র সঙ্গীত সম্মেলন পরিষদ)
  • Baul Cultural Organization (বাউল সাংস্কৃতিক সংগঠন)
  • Joypurhat Music Cycle (জয়পুরহাট সঙ্গীত চক্র)
  • Saragama Cultural Organization (সারগাম সাংস্কৃতিক সংগঠন)
  • Samitma Theatre and Music Schools (শামিত্ম থিয়েটার ও সঙ্গীত বিদ্যালয়)
  • Joypurhat Library and Club (জয়পুরহাট লাইব্রেরী এন্ড ক্লাব)
  • Joypurhat Theatre (জয়পুরহাট থিয়েটার)

Literature[edit]

Joypurhat is a district of ancient civilization and culture organizations. In the time period of old and mid era, 'Joypurhat' contained knowledge ruled and Gauri(গৌরী) literature. Bengali literature poet Jayadeva Goswami(জয়দেব গোস্বামী) is the piece child of Joypurhat.

Literature & Notable[edit]

person in Bengali birthplace notable time period
Poet Jayadeva Goswami কবি জয়দেব গোস্বামী Kendoil village, Joypurhat Sadar Upazila Geeti Gabinda Grontho (গীতি গবিন্দ গ্রন্থ) In the time period of King Lakshman Sen
Poet Arif Saha কবি আরিফ সাহা Kuzail karimpur, Khetlal Upazila Jingle tripadi(ত্রিপদী ছন্দ) 2nd decade of 20th century
Jashim Uddin munshi জসীম উদ্দীন মুন্সী Vadsha, Joypurhat Sadar Upazila Islam Missionary, Nachihate phucchaka(নছিহতে ফুচ্ছাক) British Raj
Poet Sarker কবি সরকার Khetlal Upazila Badal Mandal Manuscripts(বাদল মন্ডল পুথি) 19th century

In modern era Joypurhat contains many poets. Among them poet-litterateur:

* Ataur Rahman(আতাউর রহমান) - Nazrul Criticism Book(নজরুল সমালোচনা)
* Dr. Jahangir Chowdhury(ডঃ জাহাঙ্গীর চৌধুরী) - Modern Koryar Poem(আধুনিক কোরয়ার কবিতা)
* Abbas Ali Khan(আববাছ আলী খান) - Smritir Sagore Dheu(স্মৃতির সাগরে ঢেউ)
* Mohasin Ali Dewan(মহসীন আলী দেওয়ান)
* Sahadat Hossain(সাহাদৎ হোসাইন)
* Mozahar Hossain Jamalee(মোজাহার হোসেন জামালী) - Jeebon Nadir Bake Bake(জীবন নদীর বাঁকে বাঁকে)
* S.M. Ansar Ali(এস এম আনছার আলী) - Je Agun Nive Na(যে আগুন নিভলোনা)
* Playwright MD Alauddin(নাট্যকার মোঃ আলাউদ্দিন)
* Rezaul Karim(রেজাউল করিম) - Porajito Shaliker Anusochona(পরাজিত শালিকের অনুশোচনা)
* Sachindranath Barman(শচীন্দ্রনাথ বর্মন)
* Tahura Begum(তহুরা বেগম)
* Sayed Emdad Ali Dewan(সৈয়দ এমদাদ আলী দেওয়ান)
* Abdus Chattar(আবদুস ছাত্তার)

Language[edit]

Climate[edit]

Joypurhat is a district of Tropical climate. In Winter there is much more rainfall in Joypurhat than in Summer. According to The Köppen climate classification, The average annual temperature in here is 25.4°C and The average annual rainfall is 1738 mm. The driest month is December with 3 mm. Most Precipitation falls in July, with an average of 364 mm. The warmest month of the year is August with an average temperature of 28.9°C. In January, the average Temperature is 18°C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year.

Climate data for Joypurhat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
27.6
(81.7)
32.5
(90.5)
35
(95)
33.6
(92.5)
32.4
(90.3)
31.7
(89.1)
31.6
(88.9)
31.7
(89.1)
31.1
(88)
28.7
(83.7)
25.9
(78.6)
30.55
(87)
Daily mean °C (°F) 18
(64)
20.2
(68.4)
24.9
(76.8)
28.4
(83.1)
28.7
(83.7)
28.9
(84)
28.9
(84)
28.9
(84)
28.6
(83.5)
27
(81)
22.8
(73)
19.3
(66.7)
25.38
(77.68)
Average low °C (°F) 11.2
(52.2)
12.9
(55.2)
17.3
(63.1)
21.9
(71.4)
23.8
(74.8)
25.4
(77.7)
26.1
(79)
26.2
(79.2)
25.6
(78.1)
22.9
(73.2)
17
(63)
12.6
(54.7)
20.24
(68.47)
Precipitation mm (inches) 10
(0.39)
15
(0.59)
21
(0.83)
52
(2.05)
186
(7.32)
330
(12.99)
364
(14.33)
321
(12.64)
283
(11.14)
140
(5.51)
13
(0.51)
3
(0.12)
1,738
(68.42)
[citation needed]

The difference in Precipitation between the driest month and the wettest month is 361 mm. The average Temperatures vary during the year by 10.9 °C.

Places of interest[edit]

Jamalganj is situated 10 km(approx)south west of Jaipurhat. And Pahar Pur(Buddhist Bihar), largely known as Somepur Bihar, is situated just 6 km(approx)north-west of Jamalganj which is symbol of our past legacy of our knowledge on philosophy, architecture, arts and sculptures. Thousands of tourist visit from everywhere in the world. Jamalganj is mainly famous for its long traditional bazaar (in English market) fore surrounded places. It's very famous for agricultural products like banana, paddy, rice, wheat, potato and many more. Also famous for its mine like coal (bituminous) and cement.

Photo Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GeoHive
  2. ^ a b "01 Joypurhat DC". Retrieved 8 January 2014.