Jakarta gubernatorial election, 2012

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Jakarta gubernatorial election, 2012
Indonesia
2007 ←
11 July and 20 September 2012 → 2017

  Gubernur DKI Jokowi.jpg Fauzi Bowo Canisius.jpg
Nominee Joko Widodo Fauzi Bowo
Party PDI–P Demokrat
Running mate Basuki Cahaya Purnama Nachrowi Ramli
Popular vote 2,472,130 2,120,815
Percentage 53.82% 46.18%

Governor before election

Fauzi Bowo
Demokrat

Elected Governor

Joko Widodo
PDI–P

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A gubernatorial election was held in Jakarta on 11 July 2012, with a second round run-off on 20 September 2012 to elect the Governor of Jakarta for the next five-year term.[1] Incumbent governor Fauzi Bowo was running for a second successive term.[2]

The first round resulted with two top-voted candidates, Joko Widodo and Fauzi Bowo to advance to the runoff as neither received majority of votes in the first round. Quick count results released in mass media after the second round voting indicated that Joko Widodo is projected to win the runoff with 54% of popular votes.[3][4] Fauzi Bowo later conceded and congratulated Joko on 17.00 WIB.[5] Official results were announced on 29 September.[6] Widodo won the election with 53.82% of votes against Bowo's 46.18%.

Candidates[edit]

Under regulations, only political parties having 15 seats or more in the regional parliament (DPRD) can put forward a candidate.[7] Political parties with fewer seats can put forward a candidate only if they have acquired support from other political parties. Independent candidates are able to run if they have gathered at least 407,340 signatures from local residents, which will be verified by the local election committee.

Candidates that declared their candidacy:

Parties endorsing Noerdin and Nur Wahid in the first round later gave their support to Fauzi in the second round.

Campaign and issues[edit]

While the campaign for the elections had been mostly peaceful, there were a wide range of issues carried into the campaign. Notable ones including traffic management, flood control, accusation of money politics by some candidates, electoral roll irregularities, and smear campaign dominated the campaign.[citation needed]

Traffic management[edit]

Traffic has long become the main issue for many Jakartans. Traffic jams up to 3-5 hours happens during weekdays rush hour and frustrate many locals. Public transportation was also heavily lamented due to poor service and maintenance. All candidates in the race brought forward this issue and promised various approaches to this problem.[citation needed]

Money politics[edit]

Money politics is a problem that has marred the democratic process in Indonesia ever since the transition to democracy. There have been many cases of candidates giving money or other incentives to the electorate to influence their voting intention. In the first round of this election, anti-corruption NGO, Indonesia Corruption Watch found at least 27 cases of money politics during the campaign.[12] The campaign of incumbent governor Fauzi Bowo was the main offender with 12 cases, followed by Alex Noerdin's campaign with 6 cases. The electoral commission was also deemed failed to avoid these cases to happen regularly.[13]

Electoral roll irregularities[edit]

The electoral roll (Daftar Pemilih Tetap) had created much controversy since it was made public. The roll which approved by the electoral commission on June 2nd, was rejected by all candidates except the incumbent governor. Irregularities include double registrations, inclusion of deceased voters, fake names, or redundancy. Since then, all five candidates appealed the electoral commission to revise the electoral roll, and if necessary, postpone the election. The electoral commission mostly kept silent on this issue and promised to do some revision on the roll. The revision process was controversially ineffective and was heavily criticized. The head of the commission was reprimanded for this issue.[14]

Results[edit]

First round[edit]

Preliminary results released by several media after first round of elections showed Joko Widodo leading with 43% of votes, followed by Fauzi Bowo with 33%, Hidayat Nur Wahid with 11%, Faisal Basri with 5%, Alex Noerdin with 4%, and Hendarji Supanji with 2%.[15][16][17] Official results were released on 19 July. The result has shocked every single pollsters, as most have predicted Gov. Fauzi to win the election in a landslide and without having to go for a runoff.[18]

Second round[edit]

Quick count results released in mass media after the second round voting indicated that Joko Widodo is projected to win with 54% of popular votes.[19] Fauzi Bowo congratulated Joko at 17.00 WIB.[20][21] Official second round results were released on 29 September.[6]

Table[edit]

e • d Summary of the 11 July and 20 September 2012 Jakarta gubernatorial election result
Candidates Parties 1st round 2nd round
Votes  % Votes  %
Joko Widodo Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia-Perjuangan) PDI-P 1,847,157 42.60% 2,472,130 53.82%
Fauzi Bowo Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat) PD 1,476,648 34.05% 2,120,815 46.18%
Hidayat Nur Wahid Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera) PKS 508,113 11.72%
Faisal Basri Independent Ind 215,935 4.98%
Alex Noerdin Golongan Karya (Partai Golkar) PG 202,643 4.67%
Hendarji Supanji Independent Ind 85,990 1.98%
Total 4,336,486 100% 4,592,945 100%
Valid votes 4,336,486 97.90% 4,592,945 98.39%
Spoilt and null votes 93,047 2.10% 74,996 1.61%
Turnout 4,429,533 63.62% 4,667,941 66.71%
Abstentions 2,532,815 36.38% 2,329,010 33.29%
Registered voters 6,962,348 6,996,951
Source: Electoral Commission of Jakarta (first round), Electoral Commission of Jakarta (second round)
Votes by district Gubernur DKI Jokowi.jpg Fauzi Bowo Canisius.jpg
Joko Widodo
PDI–P
Fauzi Bowo
Demokrat
Votes % Votes %
West Jakarta
Kebon Jeruk 72,690 48.73% 76,477 51.27%
Taman Sari 39,197 60.67% 25,414 39.33%
Grogol 73,797 67.84% 34,984 32.16%
Kalideres 88,797 51.82% 82,551 48.18%
Palmerah 48,794 48.97% 50,838 51.03%
Kembangan 58,699 50.78% 56,902 49.22%
Kembangan 123,029 56.26% 95,656 43.74%
Tambora 72,229 58.39% 51,476 41.61%
Total 577,232 54.89% 474,298 45.11%
Central Jakarta
Cempaka Putih 22,730 51.16% 21,700 48.84%
Tanah Abang 34,564 45.94% 40,672 54.06%
Sawah Besar 38,073 62.41% 22,935 37.59%
Menteng 18,830 45.03% 22,984 54.97%
Senen 28,069 48.43% 29,883 51.57%
Johar Baru 29,765 46.11% 34,792 53.89%
Gambir 25,509 53.32% 22,331 46.68%
Kemayoran 58,989 52.15% 54,130 47.85%
Total 256,529 50.70% 249,427 49.30%
East Jakarta
Pulo Gadung 76,984 56.52% 59,161 43.48%
Cipayung 53,578 49.53% 54,587 50.47%
Cakung 108,514 51.45% 102,388 48.55%
Kramat Jati 63,382 49.24% 65,330 50.76%
Matraman 42,737 49.92% 42,867 50.08%
Ciracas 71,220 57.71% 52,182 42.29%
Jatinegara 73,924 50.32% 72,977 49.68%
Duren Sawit 102,356 54.88% 84,139 45.12%
Pasar Rebo 51,525 57.26% 38,452 42.74%
Makasar 51,090 56.53% 39,283 43.47%
Total 695,220 53.21% 611,366 46.79%
South Jakarta
Ciracas 25,866 48.79% 27,146 51.21%
Pancoran 32,922 44.78% 40,594 55.22%
Mampang Prapatan 32,119 45.41% 38,614 54.59%
Pesanggrahan 57,803 57.02% 43,566 42.98%
Kebayoran Baru 40,720 57.79% 29,748 42.21%
Tebet 52,609 47.45% 58,274 52.55%
Pasar Minggu 70,703 51.82% 65,732 48.18%
Kebayoran Lama 77,577 56.95% 58,644 43.05%
Jagakarsa 65,255 47.32% 72,649 52.68%
Cilandak 51,683 55.30% 41,775 44.70%
Total 507,257 51.55% 476,742 48.45%
North Jakarta
Cilincing 76,463 47.28% 85,266 52.72%
Penjaringan 90,007 70.13% 38,340 29.87%
Penjaringan 68,328 50.10% 68,068 49.90%
Pademangan 46,318 65.34% 24,572 34.66%
Tanjung Priok 106,669 61.19% 67,669 38.81%
Kelapa Gading 44,929 73.41% 16,273 26.59%
Total 432,714 59.04% 300,188 40.96%
Thousand Islands
South 1,271 26.78% 3,475 73.22%
North 1,907 26.39% 5,319 73.61%
Total 3,178 26.55% 8,794 73.45%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "11 Juli 2012, Pemilu DKI Jakarta" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 15 December 2011. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Lewat Twitter, Anas Umumkan Pasangan Foke-Nachrowi" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Pollsters show Jokowi winning the runoff". The Jakarta Post. 20 September 2012. 
  4. ^ "Fauzi phones Jokowi to concede following quick count". The Jakarta Post. 20 September 2012. 
  5. ^ "Challenger Appears to Have Edge in Jakarta Governor’s Race". The New York Times. 20 September 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "PILKADA DKI: Jokowi Unggul 7% Versi Quick Count LSI, Hasil ‘Slow Count’ KPUD diplenokan 28-29 September" (in Indonesian). Bisnis Indonesia. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  7. ^ "Koalisi Alex-Nono Terancam Pecah" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 14 March 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  8. ^ "Siapa Saja Pendukung Foke- Nara?" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "Naik Kopaja, Jokowi - Ahok Daftar Jadi Cagub DKI" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Koalisi Dukung Fauzi Tandingi Alex-Nono" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 17 March 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Siap Hadapi Foke & Jokowi, Hidayat: PKS Tak Ajukan Saya untuk Kalah" (in Indonesian). detikNews. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  12. ^ "ICW: Foke-Nara Paling Sering Politik Uang" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  13. ^ "ICW: Panwas Gagal Awasi Politik Uang Pilkada DKI" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  14. ^ "Sidang Kasus DPT, Ketua KPU DKI Dijatuhi Sanksi" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 6 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2012. 
  15. ^ "Hitung Cepat LSI: Jokowi 43,06 Persen, Foke 34,14 Persen" (in Indonesian). Kompas.com. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  16. ^ "LSI: Jokowi Bisa Unggul di Putaran Kedua" (in Indonesian). Kompas.com. 11 July 2012. Retrieved 11 July 2012. 
  17. ^ "It’s Fauzi vs Jokowi on Sept. 20". The Jakarta Post. 12 July 2012. 
  18. ^ "Outsider Breathing New Ideas Into Jakarta Election". The New York Times. 19 September 2012. 
  19. ^ "Quick Count, Jokowi 54 Persen Vs Foke 46 Persen" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  20. ^ "Fauzi: Mari Junjung Demokrasi" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  21. ^ "Ini Komentar Foke Setelah Dikalahkan Jokowi" (in Indonesian). Tempo. 20 September 2012. Retrieved 20 September 2012.