|Dr Jakaya Kikwete|
|4th President of Tanzania|
21 December 2005
|Prime Minister||Edward Lowassa (2005-08)
|Vice President||Ali Mohamed Shein (2005-10)
Mohamed Gharib Bilal
|Preceded by||Benjamin Mkapa|
|6th Chairperson of the African Union|
31 January 2008 – 2 February 2009
|Preceded by||John Kufuor|
|Succeeded by||Muammar al-Gaddafi|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation|
November 1995 – 21 December 2005
|Succeeded by||Asha-Rose Migiro|
|Minister of Finance|
|President||Ali Hassan Mwinyi|
|Preceded by||Steven Kibona|
|Succeeded by||Simon Mbilinyi|
|Member of the Tanzanian Parliament|
|Succeeded by||Ramadhani Maneno|
7 October 1950 |
|Residence||1 Ocean Road,
11400, Dar es Salaam
|Alma mater||UDSM (BA)|
|Allegiance||United Republic of Tanzania|
|Years of service||1976-1992|
Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (born 7 October 1950) is a Tanzanian politician who has been the fourth President of Tanzania since December 2005. Previously, he was minister of foreign affairs from 1995 to 2005. He also served as the chairperson of the African Union from 31 January 2008 to 2 February 2009.
Between 1959 and 1963, Kikwete went to Karatu Primary School in Tanzania before continuing with middle school education at Tengeru School from 1962 to 1965. After Tengeru, Kikwete moved to Kibaha Secondary School for his O-levels, which took place between 1966 and 1969, and he remained at this school for his advanced level education. His final educational step was completed when he graduated from the University of Dar es Salaam in 1975 with a degree in economics.
Kikwete is an avid sports enthusiast and played basketball competitively in school. He has been a patron of the Tanzania Basketball Federation for the past 10 years. He is married to Salma Kikwete, the First Lady of Tanzania, and they have nine children.
As of 4 April 2013, Kikwete was the sixth most followed African leader on Twitter with 57,626 followers.
Leadership and political career 
||The neutrality of this article is disputed. (December 2007)|
Kikwete was born at Msoga, located in the Bagamoyo District of Tanganyika, in 1950. Graduating with a degree in economics in 1975, he opted for a low-paying job as an executive functionary/officer of the ruling party (TANU later CCM). This gave him the opportunity to work at the grassroots in rural regions and districts of Tanzania.
Kikwete sharpened his leadership acumen in the military. He first had basic military training at Ruvu National Service Camp (1972) and later underwent a basic officers course at the Tanzania Military Academy at Monduli, Arusha. On successful completion of the course in 1976, he was commissioned as a lieutenant. He also undertook the Company Commander's Course in 1983 at the same academy. In his military career, he rose to the rank of lieutenant. From 1984 to 1986, Kikwete was chief [olitical instructor and political commissar at the Military Academy. He retired from the military as a lieutenant-colonel when political pluralism was reintroduced to Tanzania in 1992 when he chose to become a full time politician. Prior to that, he was permitted to be both in the military and political leadership.
In party politics, Kikwete started shining in 1982, when he was overwhelmingly elected by the party (CCM) national congress to be a Member of the National Executive Committee, the highest policy and decision-making body of the party. He has been re-elected every five years since. Also, in 1997, he was elected a member of the party's powerful 31-member Central Committee (CC). He is still a member of the Central Committee since he was reelected in 2002 for another term of 5 years.
As a party cadre, Kikwete moved from one position to another in the party ranks and from one location to another in the service of the party. When TANU and the Zanzibar’s Afro-Shirazi Party (ASP) merged to form CCM in 1977, Kikwete was moved to Zanzibar and assigned the task of setting-up the new party’s organisation and administration in the Islands. In 1980, he was moved to the headquarters as administrator of the Dar es Salaam Head Office and Head of the Defence and Security Department before moving again up-country to the regional and district party offices in Tabora Region (1981–84)and Singida Region and Nachingwea (1986–88) and Masasi District (1988) in the country's southern regions of Lindi and Mtwara respectively. Kikwete throve in the military and grassroots party political organisation, mobilisation and administration until 1988 when he was appointed to join the Central Government. President Ally Hassan Mwinyi appointed him Member of Parliament and, simultaneously, Deputy Minister for Energy and Minerals on November 7, 1988. In 1990, he was promoted to full Minister responsible for the Ministry of Water, Energy and Minerals. Later the same year, he successfully contested for a parliamentary seat in his home constituency of Bagamoyo. He was reappointed Minister for Water, Energy and Minerals in the government formed after the elections.
In 1994, at 44, he became one of the youngest Finance Ministers in the history of Tanzania. At the Treasury, he established discipline in public finance management and accountability and, until today, he is still remembered for establishing cash budget system and revamping of revenue collection structures, methods and institutions, including preparations for the formation and eventual establishment of the Tanzania Revenue Authority.
In December 1995, he became Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation, being appointed by President Benjamin William Mkapaa of the third phase government. He held this post for ten years, until he was elected President of the United Republic of Tanzania in December 2005, hence becoming the country's longest serving foreign minister. During his tenure in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Tanzania played a significant role in bringing about peace in the Great Lakes region, particularly in Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Kikwete was also deeply involved in the process of rebuilding regional integration in East Africa. Specifically, several times, he was involved in a delicate process of establishing a Customs Union between the three countries of the East African Community (Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania), where, for quite some time, he was a Chairman of East Africa Community’s Council of Ministers.
Introducing candidate Kikwete at a campaign rally in Dar es Salaam on 21 August 2005, President Mkapa described him as a super-diplomat, in recognition of his role in the search for peace in neighboring Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Kikwete also participated in the initiation, and became a Co-Chair, of the Helsinki Process on Globalisation and Democracy. On May 4, 2005, Kikwete emerged victorious among 11 CCM members who had sought the party's nomination for Presidential candidacy in the general election. After a 14 December 2005 multiparty general election, he was declared a winner by the Electoral Commission on December 17, 2005 and was sworn-in as the Fourth President of the United Republic of Tanzania on 21 December 2005.
President Kikwete's governing philosophy and political views are influenced by those of Julius Nyerere whom the President was close to. So far Kikwete's government has received accolades across the country and in the donor community for fighting corruption, investing in people, particularly in education, and push for new investments.
Honours and awards 
- Uganda: Grand Master of the Most Excellent Order of the Pearl of Africa, 2007
- Comoros: Order of the Green Crescent of the Comoros, March 2009
- Saudi Arabia: King Abdulaziz Order of Merit, April 2009
- Jamaica: Order of Excellence, November 2009
- Oman: The Civil Order of Oman - First Class, 2012
- Sullivan Honor
- 2007: The AAI African National Achievement Award (on behalf of Tanzania).
- 2009: US Doctors for Africa Award.
- 2011: Social Good Award from the United Nations Foundation
- 2011: South-South Award for Global Health, Technology and Development
- 2012: FANRPAN Policy Leadership Award from the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources Policy Analysis Network.
Honorary degrees 
- University of St. Thomas (Minnesota), Honorary Doctor of Law, September 2006
- Kenyatta University, Doctor of Humane Letters, 19 December 2008
- Fatih University, Honorary doctorate in International Relations, February 2010
- Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Doctor of Public Health (Honoris Causa), December 2010
- University of Dodoma, Honoris Causa, November 2010
- University of Dar es Salaam, Honorary Doctor of Law, October 2011
- Kikwete Bridge, across the Malagarasi River in western Tanzania (275 metres)
- Jakaya Kikwete Primary School in Muleba District, Kagera Region
- Jakaya Kikwete Secondary School in Mbulu, Manyara Region
- J. M. Kikwete Secondary School in Mbozi District, Mbeya Region
- Biography: Jakaya Kikwete, NewsAfrica Magazine, retrieved 14 September 2012
- President Mahama among top ten African Presidents most followed on Twitter, Ghana Business News, 4 April 2013
- "How Obiang spoilt Museveni, Kagame party in Kapchorwa". The Independent, Uganda. 3 February 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "President Kikwete Awarded Order of Excellence". Jamaica Information Service. 26 November 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "HM confers Oman Civil Order on Tanzania leader". Oman News Agency. October 2012. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "AAI’S 23RD Annual Gala Dinner". Africa-America Institute. 19 September 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- "US Doctors for Africa award goes to JK". IPP Media. 22 May 2009. Retrieved 15 February 2013.
- "Social Good Award". United Nations Foundation. September 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "South-South Awards Journal 2011" (PDF). southsouthawards.com. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "FANRPAN salutes the best in agriculture" (PDF). fanrpan.org. 19 September 2012. Retrieved 9 February 2013.
- "Tanzania's president touts country's progress at St. Thomas appearance". tcdailyplanet.net. 30 September 2006. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Kenyatta University Newsletter Vol. 4, Issue 15 (Special Graduation Edition)" (PDF). Kenyatta University. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "Honorary Doctorate to the president of Tanzania from our university" (Press release). Turkey: Fatih University. 19 February 2010. Retrieved 2013-02-07.
- "MUHAS Annual Report 2010-2011". Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. 2011. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
- "‘Beware of political opportunists’". Daily News (Tanzania). 26 November 2010. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
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|Party political offices|
|National Chairman of the Chama Cha Mapinduzi
|Minister of Finance
|Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
|President of Tanzania
|Chairperson of the African Union