January 9, 1979 |
Summertown, Tennessee, United States
|Height||6 ft 0 in (1.83 m)|
|Weight||170 lb (77 kg; 12 st 2 lb)|
|Reach||72 in (183 cm)|
|Fighting out of||San Francisco, California|
|Team||Cesar Gracie Jiu-Jitsu
El Niño Sports
|Rank||Black belt in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu
|Wrestling||NCAA Division II Wrestling|
|Years active||1999 – present (MMA)|
|Mixed martial arts record|
|University||San Francisco State University|
|Notable school(s)||Cuesta College
Calaveras High School
|Mixed martial arts record from Sherdog|
|Competitor for United States|
|ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship|
|Pan American Championships (BJJ)|
Jake Shields (born January 9, 1979) is an American mixed martial artist, fighting in the welterweight division of the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC). He was the last Rumble on the Rock 175 lb (79 kg) champion, the only Elite XC Welterweight Champion, a former Shooto Welterweight Champion and former Strikeforce Middleweight Champion.
He has trained extensively with Fairtex SF and Cesar Gracie, and is a member of the "Skrap Pack" which includes fellow Cesar Gracie students Dave Terrell, Nick Diaz, Nate Diaz and Gilbert Melendez. After his loss to Akira Kikuchi he won 15 consecutive fights over six years, until his loss to Georges St-Pierre. He describes his style as American Jiu-jitsu.
As of January 17, 2014, he is #7 in official UFC welterweight rankings.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Mixed martial arts
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Television and film
- 5 Championships and accomplishments
- 6 Mixed martial arts record
- 7 Submission grappling record
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Shields was raised near Mountain Ranch California in the Sierra Nevada. He was home schooled up to junior high. He and his two older brothers grew up at the end of a dirt road on the rim of the Jesus Maria Canyon. Their nearest friends were a 45 minute hike down one side of the canyon and up the other. Their activities included mountain biking, wild caving, snowboarding, clearing brush, bucking firewood, climbing mountains, exploring the high country, and wrestling.
Shields began amateur wrestling at age nine. He has competed in over 600 folk, freestyle, and submission wrestling matches. Shields was a four-year varsity wrestler and state qualifier at Calaveras High School, finished 2nd place at the Amateur Athletic Union National Freestyle Championships, qualified for U.S.A./ FILA Nationals & World Team Trials in both the junior & university men's divisions. He is also a two time All American wrestler from Cuesta College, placing 4th in the state tournament in the 177 lb weight class in 1997 and 3rd in the 197 lb weight class a year later. In September 1999, Shields began his MMA training by joining Chuck Liddell's SLO Kickboxing Academy. Within a few weeks he fought his first fight, filling in for an injured teammate at 185 lbs. Shields fought five fights at 185 lbs "for fun, to stay in shape and learn some self defense". In 2001, Shields decided he wanted to make a career of mixed martial arts and began fighting at his natural weight of 170 lbs (77 kg).
In the summer of 2001, Shields received a wrestling scholarship to San Francisco State University. At that time he began training with the Cesar Gracie Fight Team, resulting in a dramatic improvement in his jiu jitsu. He is a three time Grapplers Quest Advance Champion, Pan American Championships Jiu Jitsu Champion, Pan Am Open Advance Submission Champion, Gracie Open Superfight Champion and finished 3rd place at the ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship in 2005. His victory at the Pan American Championships (which requires wearing a uniform) as a purple belt is notable because Jake Shields claims he has trained "about four hours with the gi in [his] life," and the Pan Americans is one of the largest Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu competitions in the world. He continued to improve on the kickboxing skills he picked up with Chuck Liddell, by cross-training with the professional Muay Thai kickboxing team at the Fairtex combat Academy, training with Muay Thai Champions Jongsanan Fairtex and Alex Gong. He was awarded the rank of black belt in Brazilian Jiu Jitsu by Cesar Gracie in February 2007.
Shields was the head instructor of BJJ (Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu) and MMA at the Fairtex-Gracie affiliate in San Francisco from March 2002 until April 2008.
Shields has developed a style of fighting called "American Jiu-Jitsu" which he has tattooed on his forearm. Shields' American Jiu-Jitsu is a no-gi style of grappling for MMA and self-defense is a complete combat art that combines the relaxed and ready position and submission techniques of Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu with the explosive takedowns, throws and transitions of wrestling. Shields has an iron chin which was best displayed in his fight with Dan Henderson where he took numerous big shots from Hendo in the 1st round and came back to win the next 4 rounds and get a unanimous decision victory.
Mixed martial arts
Shields is best known for his 15-fight winning streak, finishing eight of his eleven opponents before being defeated by UFC welterweight champion Georges St-Pierre in a hard fought five round battle at UFC 129. Shields has captured the Shooto World Mixed Martial Arts Championship and the Rumble on the Rock World Championship. He submitted Nick Thompson via guillotine choke in a bout for the Elite XC Welterweight Championship.
At Strikeforce: Lawler vs. Shields he fought EliteXC's last middleweight champion and former two-time ICON Sport middleweight champion at a catchweight of 182 pounds (83 kg). Lawler took the center of the cage and looked comfortable on his feet. Robbie Lawler said in the post fight interview, "His striking was good. He threw a lot of kicks. He worked. He threw hands and wasn't shying away from standup, that's for sure." Two minutes into the first round, Shields pounced and secured a guillotine choke to finish his opponent via submission at 2:02 of the first round.
At Strikeforce: Fedor vs. Rogers he fought Jason 'Mayhem' Miller for the vacant Strikeforce Middleweight Championship after Cung Le stepped down as champion to pursue his acting career. Shields defeated Miller via unanimous decision (49–46, 49–46, 48–47).
Ultimate Fighting Championship
Shields was spotted and shown on camera next to UFC President Dana White at the WEC 48 PPV. With Dana White saying, "He's mine!" and his arm around Shields, this fueled rumors of Shields signing with the UFC. Jake Shields stated in an interview that it was tough for Strikeforce to provide him with exciting fights and this would be a key aspect in his decision to stay or leave. Dana White also stated in this interview he would be willing to pay huge sums to strip away one of Strikeforce's champions. This has further fueled speculation that Shields would leave Strikeforce for the UFC.
On June 30, Strikeforce released Shields from the organization during his contract renegotiation period. Shields then entered into talks with the UFC, with his manager and father Jack Shields stating that his son is eager to fight against top UFC fighters, such as Anderson Silva. In July 2010, it was reported that Shields was close to signing a deal with the Ultimate Fighting Championship to compete in the promotion's Welterweight division.
Shields made his UFC debut against Martin Kampmann on October 23, 2010, at UFC 121: Lesnar vs. Velasquez. Prior to Shields's UFC debut, Dana White stated that Shields is most likely next for a shot at the UFC Welterweight Championship between the winner of Georges St. Pierre vs. Josh Koscheck if he defeats Kampmann. After Shields defeated Kampmann via split decision, White later confirmed that Shields would receive a title shot against the winner of the Georges St-Pierre vs. Josh Koscheck fight at UFC 124.
Georges St-Pierre won his UFC 124 bout against Josh Koscheck. Shields fought St-Pierre for the UFC Welterweight Championship on April 30, 2011, at UFC 129 in Toronto. Shields lost via unanimous decision (50–45, 48–47, 48–47). This was Shields's first loss in over 6 years.
Shields returned to the middleweight division and faced Ed Herman on August 11, 2012 at UFC 150. He won the bout via unanimous decision. However, on October 12, 2012, it was announced that Jake Shields had failed his drug test at UFC 150 and he was subsequently fined and suspended. The result of the fight was overturned to a No Contest.
Shields faced Tyron Woodley in a welterweight bout on June 15, 2013 at UFC 161. The bout was contested on the feet for nearly its entirety in a largely uneventful fight where neither fighter was able to deliver any significant offense. Shields defeated Woodley via split decision.
Shields next faced Demian Maia on October 9, 2013 at UFC Fight Night 29. As expected, the contest between the two decorated jiu jitsu practitioners took place mostly on the ground with Shields won a close split decision (48-47, 47-48, 48-47).
Shields is a single father to an eleven-year-old daughter. He opened a studio in Berkeley called Shields' Gracie Fighter MMA and Fitness, but no longer teaches there and is not affiliated in any way. He is a lifelong vegetarian. In 2011 he switched to being fully vegan. He appeared in both print and video ads for PETA, touting his vegetarian lifestyle.
On August 29, 2011 Shields' father and manager Jack Shields passed away at the age of 67.
Television and film
Jake Shields is starring and producing a documentary on the sport of MMA titled Fight Life, the film is directed by independent filmmaker James Z. Feng and set to release in 2013. Shields appeared in three episodes of Bully Beatdown on MTV and MTV2 on April 12, 2009, a different episode on September 10, and again on an mtv.com exclusive episode. Shields also served as a grappling coach for Chuck Liddell on The Ultimate Fighter 11, and appeared on the channel Animal Planet for episodes of "Wild Recon" and "Venom in Vegas".
Championships and accomplishments
- Amateur Athletic Union
- Freestyle Wrestling National Championship runner-up
- California Community College Athletic Association
- California Interscholastic Federation
- CIF State Championship Qualifier (1997)
- Mother Lode League Champion (1997)
- Calaveras High School Wrestling Wall of Fame (1996–1997)
- Calaveras High School Record for Most Near Falls in a Season (74)
- Scholastic career record: 108–45 (1993–1997)
Mixed martial arts
- Elite Xtreme Combat
- EliteXC Welterweight Championship (One time; first; last)
- One successful title defense
- International Gracie Jiu-Jitsu Federation
- 2007 Gracie Open Superfight champion
- Grapplers Quest
- Grapplers Quest Advance champion (three times)
Mixed martial arts record
|Professional record breakdown|
|37 matches||29 wins||6 losses|
|Win||29–6–1 (1)||Demian Maia||Decision (split)||UFC Fight Night: Maia vs. Shields||October 9, 2013||5||5:00||Barueri, São Paulo, Brazil|
|Win||28–6–1 (1)||Tyron Woodley||Decision (split)||UFC 161||June 15, 2013||3||5:00||Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada|
|NC||27–6–1 (1)||Ed Herman||NC (overturned)||UFC 150||August 11, 2012||3||5:00||Denver, Colorado, United States||Original decision win; overturned when Shields failed post-fight drug test|
|Win||27–6–1||Yoshihiro Akiyama||Decision (unanimous)||UFC 144||February 26, 2012||3||5:00||Saitama, Japan|
|Loss||26–6–1||Jake Ellenberger||TKO (knee & punches)||UFC Fight Night: Shields vs. Ellenberger||September 17, 2011||1||0:53||New Orleans, Louisiana, United States|
|Loss||26–5–1||Georges St-Pierre||Decision (unanimous)||UFC 129||April 30, 2011||5||5:00||Toronto, Ontario, Canada||For the UFC Welterweight Championship.|
|Win||26–4–1||Martin Kampmann||Decision (split)||UFC 121||October 23, 2010||3||5:00||Anaheim, California, United States||Return to Welterweight; UFC Welterweight title eliminator.|
|Win||25–4–1||Dan Henderson||Decision (unanimous)||Strikeforce: Nashville||April 17, 2010||5||5:00||Nashville, Tennessee, United States||Defended the Strikeforce Middleweight Championship; Later vacated title.|
|Win||24–4–1||Jason Miller||Decision (unanimous)||Strikeforce: Fedor vs. Rogers||November 7, 2009||5||5:00||Hoffman Estates, Illinois, United States||Won vacant the Strikeforce Middleweight Championship.|
|Win||23–4–1||Robbie Lawler||Submission (guillotine choke)||Strikeforce: Lawler vs. Shields||June 6, 2009||1||2:02||St. Louis, Missouri, United States||Middleweight debut.|
|Win||22–4–1||Paul Daley||Submission (straight armbar)||EliteXC: Heat||October 4, 2008||2||3:47||Sunrise, Florida, United States||Defended the EliteXC Welterweight Championship.|
|Win||21–4–1||Nick Thompson||Submission (one-arm guillotine choke)||EliteXC: Unfinished Business||July 26, 2008||1||1:03||Stockton, California, United States||Won inaugural the EliteXC Welterweight Championship.|
|Win||20–4–1||Mike Pyle||Submission (rear naked choke)||EliteXC: Renegade||November 10, 2007||1||3:39||Corpus Christi, Texas, United States|
|Win||19–4–1||Renato Verissimo||TKO (punches and elbows)||EliteXC: Uprising||September 15, 2007||1||4:00||Honolulu, Hawaii, United States||175 lb catchweight bout.|
|Win||18–4–1||Ido Pariente||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Dynamite!! USA||June 2, 2007||1||2:06||Los Angeles, California, United States|
|Win||17–4–1||Ray Steinbeiss||Submission (guillotine choke)||Bodog Fight: Costa Rica Combat||February 18, 2007||1||1:29||San José, Costa Rica|
|Win||16–4–1||Steve Berger||TKO (punches)||FCP: Malice at Cow Palace||September 9, 2006||2||1:36||San Francisco, California, United States|
|Win||15–4–1||Carlos Condit||Decision (unanimous)||Rumble on the Rock 9||April 21, 2006||3||5:00||Honolulu, Hawaii, United States|
|Win||14–4–1||Yushin Okami||Decision (majority)||Rumble on the Rock 9||April 21, 2006||3||5:00||Honolulu, Hawaii, United States|
|Win||13–4–1||Dave Menne||Decision (unanimous)||Rumble on the Rock 8||January 20, 2006||3||5:00||Honolulu, Hawaii, United States|
|Win||12–4–1||Toby Imada||Decision (unanimous)||Kage Kombat||November 12, 2005||3||5:00||California, United States|
|Loss||11–4–1||Akira Kikuchi||Decision (unanimous)||Shooto: Year End Show 2004||December 14, 2004||3||5:00||Tokyo, Japan||Lost the Shooto Welterweight Championship.|
|Win||11–3–1||Ray Cooper||Submission (rear-naked choke)||Shooto Hawaii: Soljah Fight Night||July 9, 2004||1||3:29||Honolulu, Hawaii, United States||Won vacant the Shooto Welterweight Championship.|
|Draw||10–3–1||Kazuo Misaki||Draw||Pancrase: Hybrid 10||November 30, 2003||3||5:00||Tokyo, Japan|
|Win||10–3||Akira Kikuchi||Decision (unanimous)||Shooto in Yokohama||August 10, 2003||3||5:00||Kanagawa, Japan|
|Win||9–3||Milton Vieira||Decision (unanimous)||Shooto: Midwest Fighting||May 21, 2003||3||5:00||Hammond, Indiana, United States|
|Win||8–3||Hayato Sakurai||Decision (unanimous)||Shooto: Year End Show 2002||December 14, 2002||3||5:00||Chiba, Chiba, Japan|
|Loss||7–3||Ray Cooper||Decision (majority)||Warriors Quest 6: Best of the Best||August 3, 2002||3||5:00||Honolulu, Hawaii, United States|
|Win||7–2||Robert Ferguson||Decision (unanimous)||GC 7: Casualties of War||November 4, 2001||2||5:00||Colusa, California, United States|
|Win||6–2||Jeremy Jackson||Submission (rear-naked choke)||GC 6: Caged Beasts||September 9, 2001||1||2:03||Colusa, California, United States|
|Win||5–2||Tracy Hess||Decision (unanimous)||GC 3: Showdown at Soboba||April 7, 2001||2||5:00||Friant, California, United States|
|Win||4–2||Randy Velarde||Submission (rear-naked choke)||GC 2: Collision at Colusa||February 18, 2001||2||3:19||Colusa, California, United States|
|Loss||3–2||Phillip Miller||Decision (unanimous)||IFC: Warriors Challenge 9||July 18, 2000||2||8:00||Friant, California, United States|
|Win||3–1||Shannon Ritch||Submission (choke)||Best of the Best||May 4, 2000||1||2:45||Tempe, Arizona, United States|
|Loss||2–1||Marty Armendarez||TKO (punches)||IFC: Warriors Challenge 6||March 25, 2000||1||7:34||Friant, California, United States|
|Win||2–0||Brian Warren||Decision (unanimous)||CFF: The Cobra Challenge 1999||December 11, 1999||1||10:00||Anza, California, United States|
|Win||1–0||Paul Harrison||TKO (punches)||CFF: The Cobra Qualifier 1999||October 23, 1999||1||3:22||Anza, California, United States|
Submission grappling record
|Loss||Saulo Ribeiro||Points||LA Sub X Super-Fight||2008|
|Loss||Marcelo Garcia||Submission (guillotine choke)||PSL Super-Fight||2007|
|Win||Jon Fitch||Submission (rear-naked choke)||2007 Gracie Open Superfight||2007||-77 kg|
|Win||Leonardo Santos||Submission (rear-naked choke)||ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship||May 28, 2005||-77 kg 3rd Place|
|Loss||Pablo Popovitch||Points||ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship||May 28, 2005||-77 kg Semi-Final|
|Win||Cameron Earle||Points||ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship||May 28, 2005||-77 kg Quarter-Final|
|Win||Diego Sanchez||Points||ADCC Submission Wrestling World Championship||May 28, 2005||-77 kg Opening-Round|
- "Pan 2005". Ibjjf.org. Retrieved 2009-07-18.
- Jesse Holland. "UFC 121: Jake Shields bringing 'American Jiu-Jitsu' to Martin Kampmann fight on Oct. 23".
- UFC Fighter Rankings
- Bumpyknuckle.com http://bumpyknuckle.com/2010/04/05/bumpyknuckle-com-exclusive-interview-with-jake-shields/
- "Strikeforce Lawler vs Shields Live Results!". MMAWeekly.com. June 6, 2009. Retrieved 2011-07-25.
- "Jake Shields vs. Dan Henderson Title Fight Signed for April in Strikeforce". mmafrenzy.com. 2010-02-24.
- "Shields hoping for GSP fight "sometime soon"". Fighters Only Magazine. May 24, 2010. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- Hammond, Mick (July 14, 2010). "Melendez on Shields to UFC; Will he follow?". MMAWeekly.com. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Strikeforce Releases Shields; Shields Wants Shot at Anderson Silva". sherdog.com. 2010-07-01.
- Tabuena, Anton (July 16, 2010). "Update: Jake Shields Not Officially With the UFC, Will Drop Back Down to Welterweight". BloodyElbow.com. Retrieved September 29, 2010.
- "Jake Shields signs with UFC, meets Martin Kampmann at UFC 121". mmajunkie.com. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- "Report: Georges St-Pierre vs. Jake Shields Set For UFC 129 in Toronto". MMAWeekly.com. Retrieved January 2, 2011.
- "Jake Shields vs. Jake Ellenberger confirmed for "UFC Fight Night 25: Battle on the Bayou"". mmajunkie.com. 2011-06-28.
- "Yoshihiro Akiyama drops to 170 pounds, faces Jake Shields at UFC 144 in Japan". mmajunkie.com. November 14, 2011.
- "Jake Shields vs. Ed Herman slated for UFC 150 in Denver". mmajunkie.com. April 30, 2012.
- Whitman, Mike (October 12, 2012). "Jake Shields Suspended 6 Months For Using Banned Substance Prior To UFC 150 In Denver". sherdog.com. Retrieved October 12, 2012.
- "Colorado commission confirms Shields' suspension, UFC 150 win changed to no-contest". mmajunkie.com. October 15, 2012. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- Mookie Alexander (2013-02-27). "Jake Shields vs. Tyron Woodley planned for June 15th event in Canada". bloodyelbow.com. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "Jake Shields outgrinds Tyron Woodley for upset split". mmajunkie.com. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Guilherme Cruz (August 12, 2013). "Jake Shields, Demian Maia have agreed to fight at UFC Fight Night 29". mmafighting.com.
- Duane Finley (December 8, 2013). "Jake Shields vs. Hector Lombard Official for UFC 171". bleacherreport.com.
- "Shields plans to put on a show in Stockton". ESPN.com, By Michael Woods. 2008-07-25. Retrieved 2008-09-06.
- "Jack Shields, Jake Shields Makes Vegan Transition". vegetarianstar.com. 2011-11-14. Retrieved 2011-11-14.
- Ray Hul, "Jake Shields Talks Vegetarian Diet in New PETA Ad Campaign," MMA Fighting, accessed 6 March 2012.
- "Jack Shields, Father-Manager of UFC’s Jake Shields, Dead at 67". Sherdog.com. 2011-08-30. Retrieved 2011-08-31.
- "411 MMA Interviews: Jake Shields". 411mania.com, By Jeffrey Harris. 2009-11-27. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- "Jake Shields on 'Bully Beatdown'". sherdog.com. 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
- Barry, Steve (2009-09-10). "Jake Shields Is Back On Bully Beatdown Tonight". mmaconvert.com. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
- Marrocco, Steven (2010-04-05). "Strikeforce champ Jake Shields content in background of "The Ultimate Fighter 11"". mmajunkie.com. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
- Buffery, Steve (2011-01-03). "GSP to headline UFC's Toronto debut". slam.canoe.ca. Retrieved 2011-04-28.
- Official website
- Professional MMA record for Jake Shields from Sherdog
- UFC Profile
- Gracie Fighter Profile
- Jake Shields BJJ Heroes
- Jake Shields at the Internet Movie Database
Title last held byCung Le
|3rd Strikeforce Middleweight Champion
November 7, 2009 – July 1, 2010
Shields signed with the UFC
Title next held byRonaldo Souza
|New championship||1st EliteXC Welterweight Champion
July 26, 2008 – October 20, 2008
Title last held byAnderson Silva
|6th Shooto Middleweight Champion
July 9, 2004 – December 14, 2004