|Birth name||John Philip Thackray|
|Born||27 February 1938|
|Origin||Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, England|
|Died||24 December 2002
Monmouth, Monmouthshire, Wales
John Philip "Jake" Thackray (27 February 1938 – 24 December 2002) was an English singer-songwriter, poet and journalist. Best known in the late 1960s and early 1970s for his topical comedy songs performed on British television, his work ranged from satirical to bawdy to sentimental to pastoral, with a strong emphasis on storytelling, making him difficult to pigeonhole.
Thackray sang in a lugubrious baritone voice, accompanying himself on a nylon-strung guitar in a style that was part classical, part jazz. His witty lyrics and clipped delivery, combined with his strong Yorkshire accent and the northern setting of many of his songs, led to him being described as the "North Country Noël Coward", a comparison Thackray resisted, although he acknowledged his lyrics were in the English tradition of Coward and Flanders and Swann, "who are wordy, funny writers". However, his tunes derived from the French chansonnier tradition: he claimed Georges Brassens as his greatest inspiration, and he was also influenced by Jacques Brel and Charles Trenet. He also admired Randy Newman. He was admired by, and influenced, many performers including Jarvis Cocker, Mike Harding, Momus, Ralph McTell, Morrissey, Alex Turner, and Jasper Carrott.
John Philip Thackray was born in Leeds, West Riding of Yorkshire, the son of Ernest Thackray, a policeman, and Ivy May Thackray, née Armitage. He was educated at the Jesuit-run St. Michael's College in Leeds and a Jesuit boarding school in Dolgellau, north-west Wales, and considered joining the priesthood, but instead chose to study Modern Languages at Durham University. After graduation he spent four years teaching English, mainly in France – in Lille, Brittany and the Pyrenees – but also including six months in Algeria at the height of the war for independence in 1961–1962. During his time in France he had some of his poetry published, and discovered the chansonnier tradition and in particular the work of Georges Brassens. "I missed out on rock and all my influences were French," he would later say.
In 1964 Thackray returned to his native West Riding of Yorkshire, teaching at Intake School in Bramley, Leeds. Teaching himself to play the guitar, he found that one way to get unruly pupils to take an interest in their studies was through his songs. This and performing in folk clubs led to appearances on local BBC radio programmes, which brought him to the attention of producer Norman Newell. Thackray recorded 30 songs with Newell, 11 of which were released as his debut album, The Last Will and Testament of Jake Thackray, in 1967. Its title track exhorted his friends to mark his death with a party, and then forget him. The album also included "Lah-Di-Dah", in which a prospective bridegroom assures his bride he loves her so much he'll try to be nice to her dreadful family.
This in turn led to a BBC television slot, composing a weekly topical song for Bernard Braden's consumer magazine programme Braden's Week. He was not immediately popular – his first appearance in late 1968 provoked letters demanding his dismissal – but he eventually won over the audience. After Braden's Week was cancelled in 1972, Thackray took up the same role on its successor show, That's Life!. In nearly thirty years of performing he would make over a thousand radio and TV appearances, including slots on The David Frost Show and Frost Over America, and his own show, Jake's Scene, on ITV.
In 1968 he married Sheila Marian Clarke-Irons, a 21-year-old student. His second album, Jake's Progress, was recorded at Abbey Road Studios while the Beatles put the finishing touches to their Abbey Road album next door. Released in 1969, it abandoned the orchestral arrangements of its predecessor for a small acoustic band. It included the song "The Blacksmith and the Toffee Maker", which Thackray adapted from a story in Laurie Lee's Cider with Rosie. He began recording a new album in 1970, but these recordings were scrapped. In 1971 he released Live Performance, a live recording of 14 songs from his 1970 performance at the Queen Elizabeth Hall in London (an expanded, 29-song double CD of the same performance would be released in 2006).
A third studio album, Bantam Cock, followed in 1972. Its title track became a folk standard and was covered by folk singer Fred Wedlock, folk group the Corries and comedian Jasper Carrott among others. Other songs included "Isabel Makes Love upon National Monuments", "Sister Josephine", and "Brother Gorilla", an English adaptation of Georges Brassens' "Le gorille". In 1973 he opened for Brassens when he performed at the inauguration of the Sherman Theatre in Cardiff, which he would describe as the high spot of his career.
After Bantam Cock Thackray's television appearances continued, but his recording career stalled. A compilation album, The Very Best of Jake Thackray, was released in 1975. His final studio album, On Again! On Again!, appeared in 1977. Its title track, a long-winded tirade about women who talk too much, would see Thackray accused of misogyny, but the album also included "The Hair of the Widow of Bridlington", a song of female self-determination in the face of social disapproval. It also featured two more Brassens adaptations, "Isabella" (based on Brassens' "Marinette") and "Over to Isobel" (based on "Je rejoindrai ma belle"). The same year he published a book of lyrics, Jake's Progress, illustrated by Bill Tidy.
From the late 1970s he had made most of his living on the live circuit, touring in Europe, North America and the Far East, but in 1982 he returned to television with Jake Thackray and Songs, a six-part series on BBC2 featuring Thackray and guests, including Richard and Linda Thompson and Ralph McTell, performing in a variety of venues. An album of the same name, recorded live at the Stables Theatre, Wavendon, Milton Keynes, as part of the recordings for the TV show, followed in 1983. Thackray's last release during his life was a compilation, Lah-Di-Dah, released in 1991.
Although he gave up teaching for show business, Thackray did not really like being what he called "a performing dick". He was uncomfortable with big audiences, and would settle for a pub or community hall in preference to the grandeur of the London Palladium (although he appeared there in a Royal Variety Performance). He became disillusioned with stage life – he is recorded as saying "I'd never liked the stage much and I was turning into a performing man, a real Archie Rice [the hack music hall comic in John Osborne's The Entertainer], so I cancelled gigs and pulled out" – and he was plagued by a self-doubt and a breakdown in confidence that Ralph McTell describes as "catastrophic". His style of work was also falling out of fashion: his literate, witty lyrics and tales of rural Yorkshire had little resonance in the punk and Thatcher years, folk audiences had lost interest in contemporary song, and in the days of alternative comedy his bawdy humour was deemed sexist and outdated. He ultimately gave up performing in the early 1990s, and turned to journalism – for four years he wrote a weekly column for the Yorkshire Post.
Retirement and death
In the 1990s Thackray withdrew to his home in Monmouth, South Wales – where he had settled with his family in the late 1960s – beset by health and financial problems: he had become an alcoholic, and was declared bankrupt in 2000. He had always been an observant Roman Catholic, and became increasingly religious in his later years, limiting his musical activities to performing the Angelus at his local church. He died of heart failure on 24 December 2002 at the age of 64, leaving his widow, Sheila, from whom he was separated, and three sons, Bill, Sam and Tom.
Revival in interest
In May 2002 a group of fans formed the Jake Thackray Project with the intention of making more of Thackray's work available to the public. With Thackray's cooperation, the project team, led by record producer David Harris, received permission from EMI to produce a double CD of 42 songs not on any then-available release, limited to 200 copies, which was released in November 2002 with cover art by Bill Tidy. After Thackray's death the following month EMI consented to a further edition of 100 copies. This revival of interest led to the release of two mass market CDs the following year: The Very Best of Jake Thackray on EMI, and The Jake Thackray Collection on HMV. The Jake Thackray Project went on to release a series of remastered live recordings. A musical written by Barnsley-born poet Ian McMillan based on Thackray's songs and their characters, Sister Josephine Kicks the Habit, premiered in 2005 and toured the north of England. A rewrite by Alan Plater was due to tour the UK in 2007, but was put on hold following the death of executive producer Ian Watson.
2006 saw a major retrospective. EMI released an expanded, 29-song double CD edition of Live Performance, and Jake in a Box, a 4-CD box set containing Thackray's four studio albums and six singles in their entirety, plus 25 unused tracks recorded in the Last Will and Testament sessions in 1967, eleven songs recorded for the abandoned album in 1970, and a handful of other rarities. Comedian and writer Victor Lewis-Smith produced a television documentary, Jake on the Box, for the BBC.
In an interview on the BBC's Culture Show (broadcast 8 August 2009), Alex Turner of Arctic Monkeys cited Thackray as an influence, and in another 2009 interview with XM Radio Turner cited Thackray when specifically discussing their song entitled "Cornerstone." Similarly the Courteeners' songwriter Liam Fray cites Thackray as influence on the group's MySpace page.
- The Last Will and Testament of Jake Thackray — EMI — 1967
- Jake's Progress — EMI — 1969
- Bantam Cock — EMI — 1972
- On Again! On Again! — EMI — 1977
- Live Performance — EMI Records — 1971; reissued 1976; reissued in 2006 as an expanded double CD
- Jake Thackray and Songs — Dingles — 1983
- Live at the Lobster Pot — 2005
- Live at the Lobster Pot volume 2 — 2005
- Jake Thackray - Live in Germany — JTP - 2005
- The Very Best of Jake Thackray — EMI — 1975 re-released 2003
- Lah-Di-Dah — EMI Records — 1991
- The Jake Thackray Project — JTP — 2002 (Limited edition of 300)
- The Jake Thackray Collection — HMV — 2003
- Jake in a Box (4 CD Box set) — EMI — 2006
- Andrew Hickey, "Jake in a Box: Jake Thackray reconsidered", The High Hat, accessed 14 March 2009
- Martin Newell, "The legend of Jake", The Independent, 8 May 2005, accessed 4 April 2009
- Alan Franks, "Living out of the box", The Times, 19 August 2006, accessed 4 April 2009
- Lance Bosman, "Jake Thackray: a modern minstrel", Guitar Magazine, April 1979, accessed 8 April 2009
- Obituary: Jake Thackray, The Guardian, 28 December 2002
- Obituary: Jake Thackray, The Daily Telegraph, 29 December 2002
- Spencer Leigh, Jake Thackray obituary, The Independent, 28 December 2002, accessed 14 March 2009
- Martin Newell, "Jake, the Yorkshire Chansonnier", June 2006, accessed 8 April 2009
- AA Gill, "In a class of his own", The Sunday Times, 12 November 2006, accessed 19 March 2009
- "My Yorkshire: Mike Harding", Yorkshire Post, 19 April 2008, accessed 19 March 2009
- Momus, "Le Grand Jake: Jake Thackray Remembered", 27 December 2002, accessed 19 March 2009
- Ralph McTell, "Jake Thackray (old love)", accessed 19 March 2009
- David Bret, Morrissey: Scandal & Passion, Franz Steiner Verlag, 2004, p. 73
- Jasper Carrott, "Beat The Carrott" on YouTube, accessed 7 September 2011
- Robb Johnson, "Thackray, John Philip [Jake] (1938–2002)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, online edn, Oxford University Press, January 2006; online edn, January 2009, accessed 19 April 2009
- John Carlsen, Sleeve notes to The Last Will and Testament of Jake Thackray, 1967, reproduced at jakethackray.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Jake Thackray biography, allmusic.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Bernard Braden, UK sleeve notes to Jake's Progress, 1968, reproduced on jakethackray.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Obituary: Jake Thackray, The Times, 28 December 2002, accessed 14 March 2009
- "New Jake material discovered", jakethackray.com, 26 November 2005, accessed 8 April 2009
- Review of Jake's Progress on allmusic.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Jake Thackray, Foreword to the book Jake's Progress, 1977, reproduced on jakethackray.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Review of Bantam Cock on allmusic.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Sleeve notes to Bantam Cock, 1972, reproduced on jakethackray.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Colin Evans & Didier Aigid, "Georges & Jake", 19 January 2006, retrieved 4 April 2009
- Jake Thackray and Songs programme listings, jakethackray.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Jake Thackray, sleeve notes to Jake Thackray and Songs, 1983, reproduced on jakethackray.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- review of Lah Di Dah on allmusic.com, accessed 14 March 2009
- Isabel Taylor, "Jake Thackray: a Retrospective", Albion Music, 2005, retrieved 4 April 2009
- "Satirical singer-songwriter dies at 62", South Wales Argus, 27 December 2002, accessed 4 April 2009
- John Warburton (director) (6 October 2006). Jake on the Box (Television documentary). BBC4.
- The Jake Thackray Project CD at jakethackray.com, retrieved 24 April 2009
- Malcolm Jeffrey's Jake Thackray website, retrieved 4 April 2009
- Review of The Very Best of Jake Thackray on allmusic.com
- The Jake Thackray Collection on jakethackray.com, retrieved 4 April 2009
- The Great Thackray/Plater Musical website, retrieved 4 April 2009
- Review of Live Performance on allmusic.com
- Review of Jake in a Box on allmusic.com
- Jake on the Box on IMDB
- Jake Thackray at the Internet Movie Database
- Jake Thackray on Allmusic
- The Jake Thackray Project
- Sister Josephine kicks the habit musical at the Wayback Machine (archived 29 September 2007)