Jakhar

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Jakhar, also known as Jakhu (Devanagari: जाखड, IAST: Jākhaḍ) is a gotra or clan of Jats found in the Indian states of Haryana, Punjab, and in Rajasthan, and in the Pakistani province of Punjab.

Etymology[edit]

The word "Jakhar" or "Jakhu" is a shortened version of Jakhbhadra, the claimed ancestor of the tribe.

Origin[edit]

Jakhars, Jakhers and Jakhus (originated from Jakhars) are considered to be the descendants of King Jakhbhadra.[citation needed]

They belong to the Satwat lineage of Kshatriyas. W. Crook, in his book Castes of Northwest provinces and Avadh, told the story of the king of Dwaraka: he had a huge bow and arrow and he proposed that whoever broke it would be given a status above the king. The king of the Jakhar clan, Jakhbhadra, tried but failed. The failure made him leave his state and settle in Bikaner, in the area that was then known as Jangladesh. There is also a mention of this by Pandit Amichand Sharma in his book Jat Varna Mimansa. The Jakhar king made his capital at Reni (modern-day Taranagar).[1]

The Jat historian, Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[2] writes that Jakhar is derived from Yaksha. This tribe Jakhar claim Jakha or Jakhu, known as Yaksha or Yakshu in Sanskrit, to be their most ancient eponymous progenitor.[3][4] Hukum Singh Panwar writes that Yakshas were one of the tribes who fought the last battle of Dasrajna War (the Battle of Ten Kings) under the leadership of Dasa Raja named Bheda against the Bhāratas tribes on the banks of Yamuna. The other tribes were Ajas, Sigrus, Alinas, Pakthas, Bhalana, Sivas, and Visanin.[2][5] M.L. Bhargava writes that after the defeat on the Yamuna River they migrated to the Amu Darya Valley and named the valley Jaksha or Jaaksha. He opines that Budakhsis and their city Badakshan are known after the combined name of Bheda, the leader of the Yakshas. Bheda is also a Jat clan.[2][6]

At a later date, the Jakhars established a kingdom, the ruins of which can be found at Madhauli, which was in the princely state of Jaipur, probably near the border with Marwar.[1] Fatehpur, Shekhawati was ruled by Muslims during the Middle Ages. There was a war between the Muslims and the Jakhar Jats near Madhauli.[1] A war between Jakhars and Brahmins have also been reported in which jakhars won and many brahmins were killed. it is said some sava man(50 kg) janeu (sacred thread worn by brahmins) was collected from dead bodies. History says that jat people didn't believed much in perpetrated and false teachings of brahmins which they used to gain profit and perks from innocent people.[2][6]

Geographic distribution[edit]

In India[edit]

In India, the Jakhar are found in the states of Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan.

The Jakhars of Haryana and Punjab[edit]

A Jakhar chieftain, Lada Singh, ruled a place known as Ladan in the present-day Rohtak district in Haryana. Many Jakhar chieftains have ruled in different parts of the Punjab region and Rajasthan. Ch Saubux Jakhar from Jahazgarh village was the Zaildar during British rule.[1]

In Haryana, they are mainly located near Jhajjar District. They have 37 villages in this district, such as Nogawan, Hamayunpur, Jharli, Sunderehti, Dhana, Salhawas, Amboli, Mundsa, Ladan,Dhaniya, Bhurawas, Jhanswa, Mohanbari (Chota Jhanswa), Akehri madan pur, Sudhrana, Nogawan(Nogama) from Nogawan and Jahazgarh, Jhanswa, Khera Tharu..

There are many villages in Sirsa district. In Fatehabad, some of their villages are Dhabi Kalan, Daiyer, Pili Mamdori, Mehuwala, Manawali, and Dhingsara.

Other villages include Barsi, 10 km away from Hansi and Bigowa, in Bhiwani district.Other village of Jakhar's in Haryana VPO PUR,Kuleri, Agroha, Durjan Pur,Barsi etc.........

Villages In Haryana, India[edit]

In Haryana, they are mainly located near Jhajjar District. They have 37 villages in this district, such as Nogawan, Hamayunpur, Jharli, Sunderehti, Dhana, Salhawas, Amboli, Mundsa, Ladan,Dhaniya, Bhurawas, Jhanswa, Mohanbari (Chota Jhanswa), Akehri madan pur, Sudhrana, Nogawan(Nogama) from Nogawan and Jahazgarh, Jhanswa, Khera Tharu..

There are four village of Jakhars is Chandhat, Missa and Karim Pur ( Nangla Barra) in Palwal District (earlier the part of Faridabad). This is one of the biggest village in Palwal district, situated 10 km. towards Palwal to Aligarh Road. Mujesar Village in Faridabad District

In haryana they are located near hissar district.in this district kabrel have also a jakhar village, Ladhu ram jakhar and his family also leave in this village.and many other jakhar families leave in this village also.

Villages In Punjab, India[edit]

Village in Rajasthan, India[edit]

Jakhars are located in Alwar, Sikar, Nagaur and Jhunjhunu. The main occupation is farming. In Nagaur district, they are found in the villages of surthpura, Ladnun, Jhardia, Rol, and Surpalia. In Churu district, they are found in Sujangarh, Bidasar, Sarothia, Ridi, Lalgarh (Rajasthan), Chubkiya Taal, Rajgarh, and Bigga.

In Jhunjhunu district, the Jakhars live in Dhamora, Guda gor ji ka,jakhara ki dhani[sefraguwar], Bharunda, Killiwali, and Abohar. In Sikar District, the Jakhar are found in Badhadar, Bari, Bhadwasi, Bhauj Ki Dhani, Bhikanwasi, Chaukdi, Chudi Miyan,shankhu, Dasa Ki Dhani Gokulpura, Gokulpura, Gyanpura, Hardayalpura, Haripura, Jana Via-Losal, Chhagan Ji Jakhar Ki Dhani Jankpuri, Jakhar Ki Dhani Malikpura, Jankipura, Jerthi, Jetpura, Kasi ka bas, Katrathal, Likhmakabas, Laxmangarh, Mundwara, Puranabas, Rahanawa, Salwadi, Sankhoo, Sewa[disambiguation needed], Sikar, Sarothia, Sutod, Salamsingh Ki Dhani, Birodi Badi,In Jaipur District Gadoti,Dudu.

In Jodhpur The jakhar live in jalkha and kosana(jakhdo ki dhani)near of pipar city, The main occupation is farming. In jodhpur district, they are found in the villages of jalkha,in jalkha living rugaram jakhar's sons of sukharam and ramdeen jakhar, sukharam ji jakhar .

there are so many villages of Jat's in thesil- BHOPALGHAR, Dist-JODHPUR . mostly Jakhar, Dudi, Huda,Siyag,Godara,Puniya gotra were founded there . villages like Bhundna which is my village too beside this kagal, ratkudiya, khariya,pipar road, bhudkiya, kudi were mainly jat villages. there is also famous old temple of Lord Shiv is there in Bhundana village.

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh[edit]

In Madhya Pradesh, Jakhars live in Bhopal District and Harda District.

Distribution In Uttar Pradesh[edit]

In Uttar Pradesh, Jakhars live in Meerut District, in the villages of Pillona and Khalidpur. Jakhars also live in Town Karnawal in distt Meerut (UP).

Distribution In Punjab (Pakistan)[edit]

The Jakhars of Pakistan are found mainly in the south of Punjab, in the districts of Layyah, Sargodha, Muzaffargarh, Okara, the village of Jakhar in Toba Tek Singh District, Sahiwal and Faisalabad district near small towns of Mamukanjan and Chak Jakharanwala. They claim to have come from Rajasthan in the fifteenth century, crossing the Thar Desert, and settling in the valleys of the Sutlej and Chenab rivers, and eventually converting to Islam.

Jakhars are found in Tehsil kharian near bhaddar District Gujrat and Haroon tehsil in Bahawalnagar District. In Layyah District, they are found in Jhakkar Kacha and Jhakkar Pakka. In Dera Ghazi Khan District, they are found in Jakhar Imamudin. Jakhar (جھکڑ Urdu) is situated in Punjab, Gujrat District, Pakistan with[clarification needed] union council Bhaddar. It has two parts: East and West. Jakhar West is located near Bhimber Nala (Baila) while Jakhar East is near village Sidh. Both jakhar have combined graveyard [khangah]. Jakhar is located at Latitude 32.7833, Longitude 74.0000 Altitude (feet) 879 Lat (DMS) 32° 46' 60N Long (DMS) 74° 0' 0E Altitude (meters) 267. The Time zone is (est) UTC+5(+6DT). The prominent notables of Jakhar are Ch. Sultan Ahmad Jakhar (late), Ch. Sarfraz Khan Jakhar (late)who has been a pioneer of Muslim league and right hand friend of Ch. Zahoor Elahi Shaheed, held many political positions was very benevolent and popular among public. Among his heirs are Ch. Muhammad Afzal Jakhar (a retired bureaucrat), Ch. Ghazanfar Ali Jakhar (ex-member district counsel, Gujrat), Ch. Altaf Hussain Jakhar, Ch. Mumtaz Ahmed Jakhar, Ch. Iftikhar Hussain Jakhar (late) are legal heirs to a lot of lands in this village. Ch. Naeem Jakhar (educationist, poet and author) is among their 3rd generation. The village has been prominent in politics in English and after English period. Pir Mehdi Shah's tomb is spiritual manifest of this land. Other prominent people of the village are; and Ch.Muhammad Riaz Jakhar Ch.Muhammad Anwar Jakhar Ch.Ejaz Ahmed Jakhar known as sobhe khan Ch Ahmed Din Jakhar Mines Owner Quetta. Second educated and noble family throughout in the history of this village is of the Ch Jalal Din (late) jakhar. Ch Jalal Din (late) was a most popular and respectful personality of the village. He was one of the chairman (sarbarah)of the village panchaet. His mission is continued by his sons Ch Ghulam Hussain jakhar (late) and Major Muhammad Zaman (late).Ch.Ejaz Ahmed Jakhar known as sobhe khan is also a well known person and a son of this great family ch Rana Mukhtar ahmad is another respectful personality of gharbi jakhar and has historical background. His forners[clarification needed] played a wonderful role in jakhar`s politics. His son Nadeem Ahmad is an outstanding name in kabadi of jakhar and surrounding area. Here may we have memorable family which has also big role, their leader is Chaudhry Khalid Azeem (Senior Journalist and Anchor) and his younger brother Dr. Anwar Saeed (late). Specially Dr. Anwar Saeed had a big role in social contact and his services for the society will ever remember.This family has sound political relation and they are progressing well. The most popular were, Ch. Muhammad Iqbal (late) Ch. Muhammad Hussain (late) Dr. Anwar Saeed (late). Jakhar Cricket team is also well known team in his area. ch. Idnan Ch. Waheed Arshad, Ch. Waqas Azeem, Sarmad Sultan & Zafar ( Zafra) are the main player of this team. This village provides a lot of young talent in various field of life. ch. Naeam (Teacher ) Dr. Tafseer Husain Gondal (Ortho pedic sergin) ch. Shahzad Ahmad (Head Master GHS Bhaddar) Ch. Arslan Aziz (Civil Engineer) Ch. khalid (MBA) and a lot a young talent in this village which is ready to play a part in progress of Pakistan. Basically jakhar family belong to rajhistan and Indian Punjab there are lots of village jakhar in east or west Punjab this village people earlier 18th century migrate from Indian Punjab. Jakhar jakhu jakhrani is same nation.

Notable Jakhars[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Thakur Deshraj, Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 2nd edition 1992 page 594-95.
  2. ^ a b c d Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria), The Jats – Their Origin, Antiquity & Migrations (1993). Publisher – Manthan Publications, Rohtak, Haryana, ISBN 81-85235-22-8, p. 150-151
  3. ^ Yoginder Pal Shastri, op. cit., p. 468
  4. ^ Amichand Sharma, Jat Varna mimansa, v.s. 1967
  5. ^ Buddha Prakash, op. cit., p. 77
  6. ^ a b M.L. Bhargava, Geography of the Rigvedic India, Lucknow, 1964, p. 129