Jakob Sprenger

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For the 15th-century German priest associated with the Malleus Maleficarum, see James Sprenger.
Jakob Sprenger
Sprenger,Jakob 1933 Bad Salzhausen.jpg
Jakob Sprenger with his wife in 1933 at Bad Salzhausen.
Gauleiter of Hesse-Nassau-South
In office
1927–1933
Preceded by Walther Schultze
Succeeded by None
Gauleiter of Hesse-Nassau
In office
1933–1945
Preceded by None
Succeeded by None
Minister-President of the People's State of Hesse
In office
1935–1945
Preceded by Philipp Wilhelm Jung
Succeeded by Ludwig Bergsträsser
Reichsstatthalter of the People's State of Hesse
In office
1933–1945
Preceded by Philipp Wilhelm Jung
Succeeded by None
Oberpräsident of the Province of Nassau
In office
1944–1945
Preceded by Province created
Succeeded by None
Personal details
Born 27 July 1884
Oberhausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, Germany
Died 7 May 1945 (aged 61)
Kössen, German Reich
Political party National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP)

Jakob Sprenger (24 July 1884 – 7 May 1945) was a Nazi politician.

Sprenger was born in Oberhausen near Bad Bergzabern in the Palatinate. In 1922, the postal inspector Sprenger became a member of the Nazi Party. Sprenger was a militant anti-Semite and rose quickly through the ranks, first to Gauleiter of Hesse-Nassau-South in 1927, and by September 1930 to member of the Reichstag.

On 5 May 1933 Sprenger was appointed Reichsstatthalter of Hesse and leader (Gauleiter) of the new Gau formed from the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau, which included the federated state of Hesse-Darmstadt. In the process of the Gleichschaltung, in particular due to the 'Reichsstatthaltergesetz' of 30 January 1935, he was able to take over leadership of the provincial government from Philipp Wilhelm Jung. Besides Martin Mutschmann of Saxony, he was the only governor charged with such a double function.

On 1 September 1939, SA-Obergruppenführer Sprenger became Reich Commissar of Defense District XII, and as of 1 December 1943 also in the Gau of Hesse-Nassau. Later Sprenger was appointed High President (Oberpräsident) of the Prussian province of Nassau in 1944, after Prince Philip of Hesse-Kassel had been removed. On the night of 25 to 26 March 1945, Sprenger fled from the advancing U.S. Army from Frankfurt to Kössen, Austria, where he and his wife committed suicide on 7 May 1945.

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