Jalairid Sultanate

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Jalayirid Sultanate

1335–1432
Division of Ilkhanate territory
Capital Baghdad (Till 1411), Basra (1411-1432)
Languages Arabic, Persian, Mongolian
Government Monarchy
History
 -  Established 1335
 -  Disestablished 1432
Faravahar background
History of Greater Iran
Until the rise of modern nation-states
Pre-modern

The Jalayirids were a Mongol Jalayir dynasty[1] which ruled over Iraq and western Persia [2] after the breakup of the Mongol Khanate of Persia (or Ilkhanate) in the 1330s. The Jalayirid sultanate lasted about fifty years, until disrupted by Tamerlane's conquests and the revolts of the "Black Sheep Turks" or Qara Qoyunlu Turkmen. After Tamerlane's death in 1405, there was a brief attempt to re-establish the sultanate in southern Iraq and Khuzistan. The Jalayirids were finally eliminated by Kara Koyunlu in 1432.

Rulers of Jalayirid Sultanate[edit]

Title/Name[3] Personal Name Reign
Taj-ud-Din
تاج الدین
Hasan Buzurg 1336–1356
Mu'izz-ud-duniya wa al-Din
معزالدنیا والدین
Bahadur Khan
بهادرخان
Shaikh Awais Jalayir 1356–1374
Jalal-ud-Din
جلال الدین
Shaikh Hasan Jalayir 1374
Ghiyas-ud-Din
‏غیاث الدین
Shaikh Hussain Jalayir 1374–1382
Shaikh Bayazid Jalayir
Ruler of Iraq-i 'Ajam at Soltaniyeh & Contender for the throne
1382-1384
Sultan
سلطان
Sultan Ahmed Jalayir
Ruler of Iraq-i 'Arab at Baghdad & Contender for the throne
1382–1410
Shah Walad Jalayir
son of Shaikh Ali Jalayir
1410–1411
Sultan
سلطان
Mahmud bin Shah Walad Jalayir
under tutelage of Tandu Khatun
1411 (1st reign)
Sultan
سلطان
Awais bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1411-1421
Sultan
سلطان
Muhammad bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1421
Sultan
سلطان
Mahmud bin Shah Walad Jalayir 1421-1425 (2nd reign)
Hussain bin Ala-ud-Daulah bin Sultan Ahmed Jalayir 1425-1432
Kara Koyunlu conquest of southern Iraq

Family tree[edit]

 
 
 
Husein Gurkan
 
daughter of Arghun
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Hasan Buzurg
1336–1356
 
Delshad Katun
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Uvais I
1356–1374
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Alishah
 
Husain I
1374–1382
 
 
 
Ahmad
1383–1410
 
Hasan
1374
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shah Valad
1410–1411
 
Tandura Khatun
 
 
 
Al'a od-Dowleh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Mahmud
1411–1415
 
Uvais II
1415–1421
 
Mohammed
1421–1422
 
Husain II
1424–1432
 
 
 
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bayne Fisher, William "The Cambridge History of Iran", p.3: "(From then until the Timur's invasion of the country, Iran was under the rule of various rival petty princes of whom henceforth only the Jalayirids could claim Mongol)
  2. ^ The History Files Rulers of Persia
  3. ^ The new Islamic dynasties: a chronological and genealogical manual New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys Series; Author:Clifford Edmund Bosworth ISBN 0-7486-2137-7, ISBN 978-0-7486-2137-8