Jalal-Abad Province

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Coordinates: 41°15′N 72°15′E / 41.250°N 72.250°E / 41.250; 72.250

Jalal-Abad Province
Жалалабат областы
Джалал-Абадская область
Province
Tash Komur.jpg
Tash Komur, Jalal Abad Province, seen from Crocodile Mountain
Country Kyrgyzstan
Capital Jalal-Abad
Area 33,700 km2 (13,012 sq mi)
Population 930,630 (2009)
Density 29.0 / km2 (75 / sq mi)
Governor Zhusupbek Sharipov
ISO 3166-2 KG-J

Jalal-Abad Province, also known as Jalalabat (Kyrgyz: Жалалабат областы), is a province (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital is the city of the same name, Jalal-Abad. It is surrounded by (clockwise from the north) Talas Province, Chui Province, Naryn Province, Osh Province and Uzbekistan. The Jalal-Abad Province was established on November 21, 1939. On January 27, 1959 it became a part of Osh Province, but regained its old status as a province on December 14, 1990. Jalal-Abad Province consist of 8 districts, and includes 5 towns, 8 urba-type settlements, and 415 villages [1]

Geography[edit]

Jalalabad oblast covers 33,647 square kilometres (12,991 sq mi) square kilometers (16.9% of total country's area) in central-western Kyrgyzstan.

The southern edge of the province is part of the Ferghana Valley. The rest of the province is mountainous. M41, the main north-south highway from Bishkek to Osh, takes a very crooked route down the center of the province. Another road follows the south border almost to the western tip and then turns northeast up the Chatkal valley to Kyzyl-Adyr in Talas Province. Another road (closed in winter and requiring a jeep from the Ferghana range to Kazarman) goes east to Kazarman and Naryn.

An integral part of the country's power system is Toktogul hydroelectric power station, which supplies electricity and water to both Kyrgyzstan and neighboring countries.

Ecology and Environment[edit]

The area has several mountain lakes, walnut forests, and mineral waters. It has also the world's largest natural growing walnut forest, called Arslanbob, about 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Jalal-Abad city. Jalal-Abad Province is rich in ecological resources. Among strictly protected areas (IUCN Ia Category) located in the province are Sary-Chelek State Biosphere Nature Reserve, Besh-Aral State Nature Reserve, and Padyshata State Nature Reserve. Also there is State Nature National Park Saimaluu-Tash located in Toguz-Toro District. Natural monuments (IUCN category III) include: Tegerek Waterfall located in the upper reaches of Kara-Unkur River, Sogon-Tash Cave, and composed of red sandstone Kara-Jygach Rocks in Aksy District. Among other protected areas are:

Economy[edit]

Basic Socio-Economic Indicators[edit]

  • Employed population: 390,700 (2008) [2]
  • Registered Unemployed Population: 18,707 (2008)[3]
  • Export: 87.1 million US dollars (2008)[4]
  • Import: 111.5 million US dollars (2008) [4]
  • Direct Foreign Investments (2008): 16.8 million US dollars[5]

Economy[edit]

Wheat, fruit, vegetables, maize, nuts, tobacco, and silk-worm cocoons are grown in the region. The province also has a few textile plants and hydroelectric stations. Minerals, natural gas, coal, metals, and oil can be found here, notably around the town of Kochkor-Ata, which is home to small scale oil industry. Most of the extraction of minerals, natural gas, coal, metals, and oil of the Soviet era has ceased.

Livestock market in Kyzyl-Jar, Jalal-Abad Province

A pearl of the region is the Sary-Chelek Nature Reserve with Lake Sary-Chelek, surrounded by wild fruit orchards and snow-covered peaks.

A few Soviet-era resorts offer mineral water treatment programs for people with various chronic diseases. A number of companies have succeeded in trading bottled mineral water around the country and abroad.

Except for the small fringes of the Fergana Valley, Jalal-Abad Province is a land of mountains. There are unlimited trekking possibilities in the area, but the lack of infrastructure, except at Arslanbob, poses problems to visitors; a biodiversity conservation program supported by the government and the Global Environment Facility (GEF) is working to protect these natural resources and promote soft tourism.

Districts of Jalal-Abad[edit]

Jalal-Abad is divided administratively into 8 districts (southern districts numbered from east to west):[6]

District Capital Location
Suzak District Suzak south1
Bazar-Korgon District Bazar-Korgon south2
Nooken District Massy south3
Aksy District Kerben south4
Ala-Buka District Ala-Buka south5
Chatkal District Kanysh-Kyya west
Toktogul District Toktogul north
Toguz-Toro District Kazarman east

Demographics[edit]

As of 2009, Jalal-Abad Province comprised 7 towns, 7 urban-type settlements, 3 settlements, and 420 villages. Its population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009 amounted to 930,630 (enumerated de facto population) or 1,009,889 (de jure population).[7]

Historical populations in Jalal-Abad Province
Year Pop. ±%
1970 481,616 —    
1979 587,509 +22.0%
1989 748,789 +27.5%
1999 869,539 +16.1%
2009 938,630 +7.9%
Note: enumerated de facto population; Source:[7]

Ethnic composition[edit]

According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of the Jalal-Abad Province (de jure population) was:[7]

Ethnic group Population Proportion of Jalal-Abad Province population
Kyrgyzs 725,321 71.8%
Uzbeks 250,748 24.8%
Russians 9,120 0.9%
Turks 5,842 0.6%
Tadjiks 5,642 0.5%
Tatars 3,694 0.4%
Uygurs 3,271 0.3%
Kurds 1,902 0.2%
Azerbaijanis 5,642 0.1%
Ukrainians 789 0.1%
Kazakhs 3,694 0.4%
other groups 329 0.1%

References[edit]