Jalal-Abad

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For the city in Afghanistan, see Jalalabad. For the city in Azerbaijan, see Jalilabad.
Jalalabat
Жалалабат
Dzhalal-Abad
Official seal of Jalalabat
Seal
Jalalabat is located in Kyrgyzstan
Jalalabat
Jalalabat
Location in Kyrgyzstan
Coordinates: 40°56′N 73°0′E / 40.933°N 73.000°E / 40.933; 73.000Coordinates: 40°56′N 73°0′E / 40.933°N 73.000°E / 40.933; 73.000
Country Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan
Province Jalal-Abad
Population (2009)
 • Total 89,004

Jalalabat (also spelled Dzhalal-Abad, Djalal-Abad and Jalal-Abad; Kyrgyz: Жалалабат [dʒɑlɑlɑbɑt]) is the administrative and economic centre of Jalal-Abad Province in southwestern Kyrgyzstan, with a population of about 89,000. It is situated at the north-eastern end of the Fergana valley along the Kugart river valley, in the foothills of the Babash Ata mountains, very close to Uzbekistan border.

Jalalabat is known for its mineral springs in its surroundings, and the water from the nearby Azreti-Ayup-Paygambar spa was long believed to cure lepers. Several Soviet era sanatoriums offer mineral water treatment programs for people with various chronic diseases. Bottled mineral water from the region is sold around the country and abroad.

History[edit]

One of Kyrgyzstan's main branches of the Silk Road passed through Jalalabat and the region has played host to travelers for thousands of years, although little archaeological remains are visible today – except in some of the more remote parts of the region – such as Saimalu Tash and the Chatkal valley. These have included travelers, traders, tourists and pilgrims (to the various holy sights) and sick people visiting the curative spas such as in the Ayub Tau mountain, at the altitude of 700 m above sea level some three kilometers out of town.

There is a legend that the water from the Azreti-Ayup-Paygambar spa cured lepers. According to the legend there was a grave, a mosque and the khan's palace near the spa.

Abad is often used in Asian cities names to refer to the person who founded the community. It is said that Jalalabat was named after Jalal ad Din, who was renowned for setting up Caravanserais to serve travelers and many pilgrims who came to the holy mountain.

In early 19th century a small Kokand fortress was built, and a small kishlak grew up around this. The local people were engaged in agriculture, trade and provided services to the pilgrims visiting the spas. Then, in the 1870s, Russian migrants came to the region. They set up a garrison town and military hospital.

Economy[edit]

The train line (a rarity in Kyrgyzstan), runs from the Ferghana Valley northeast about 30 km to Kökjanggak.

Biggest Companies: Kyrgyz-Canada JV "Kyrgyz Petroleum Company", АО «Kelechek», АО «Nur». AOZT «KyrgyzChlopok», JV «Ak-Altyn» process cotton. There are the tobacco-curing companies «Tura-Ai» Ltd and «Aziz-Tabak» Ltd., that export 90% of their output to 17 countries. There are also mill houses АО «Azrat Ayib», AOZT PTK «Intershaq», «Mariam & Co» ltd, and the liquor manufacturer AOZT «Jalalabat Arak Zavodu».

Map[edit]