Jalal al-Din Khan ibn Tokhtamysh

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Jalal al-Din Khan
Khan
Shahanshah
Reign 1411–1412
Birthplace Golden Horde
Died 1287
Royal house Borjigin
Dynasty Golden Horde of the Mongol Empire
Father Tokhtamysh
Religious beliefs Islam

Jalal al-Din Khan ibn Tokhtamysh (Urdu; Persian; Arabic: جلال الدین خان ابن تختامش; Tatar: Cäläletdin, Polish: Dżalal ad-Din) (1380–1412) was the khan of the Golden Horde in 1411–1412. He was the son of Tokhtamysh Khan.[1] He is also famous for his written history of the Mongol Empire. He is also known as the Green Sultan.

After his father Tokhtamysh died in c. 1405, Jalal al-Din Khan ibn Tokhtamysh fled to Lithuania to seek assistance from the Lithuanian Grand Prince Vytautas the Great. In 1410, he took part in the Battle of Grunwald, Tannenberg under Vytautas against the Teutonic Knights.[2] The allies decisively inflicted a crushing defeat on the Military Order.

In the following year, with Lithuanian support, he overthrew Temur Khan ibn Temur Qutlugh of the Golden Horde, and retook the throne of Saray al-Jadid while his other opponent Edigu was in Khorazm. Sometime after 1411 he minted coins with his name. According to a Russian chronicle, Jalal was murdered by his brother Karim Berdi after his brief reign.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bosworth, Clifford Edmund, The New Islamic Dynasties: A Chronological and Genealogical Manual, p. 252. Edinburgh University Press, 2004.
  2. ^ Stephen R. Turnbull, Richard Hook-Tannenberg 1410: Disaster for the Teutonic Knights, p. 26
Jalal al-Din Khan ibn Tokhtamysh
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Temur Khan ibn Temur Qutlugh
Khan of the Golden Horde
1411–1412
Succeeded by
Karim Berdi ibn Tokhtamysh