Jalaun

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Jalaun
city
Jalaun is located in Uttar Pradesh
Jalaun
Jalaun
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°09′N 79°21′E / 26.15°N 79.35°E / 26.15; 79.35Coordinates: 26°09′N 79°21′E / 26.15°N 79.35°E / 26.15; 79.35
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Jalaun
Elevation 164 m (538 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,20,000
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 285123
Telephone code 05168 XXXXXX
Vehicle registration UP92 X XXXX
Website www.jalaun.nic.in
Map of Jalaun

Jalaun is a city and a municipal board in Jalaun district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.

The town was formerly the residence of a Maratha governor, but never the headquarters of the district, which are at Orai.

History[edit]

See also: Jalaun State

In early times Jalaun seems to have been the home of two Rajput clans, the Sengars in the east and the Kachwahas in the west. The village garghgawan was the estate of Bhadaurias clan, the historic monument(GADI)of this clan is still exist in this village.The town of Kalpi on the Yamuna was conquered by the armies of Muhammad of Ghor in 1196. Early in the 14th century the Bundelas occupied the greater part of Jalaun, and even succeeded in holding the fortified post of Kalpi. That important possession was soon recovered by the Delhi Sultanate, and passed under the way of the Mughal Empire. Akbar's governors at Kalpi maintained a nominal authority over the surrounding district, and the Bundela chiefs were in a state of chronic revolt, which culminated in the war of independence under Maharaja Chhatrasal. On the outbreak of his rebellion in 1671 he occupied a large province to the south of the Yamuna. Setting out from this base, and assisted by the Marathas, he conquered the whole of Bundelkhand. On his death in 1732 he bequeathed one-third of his dominions to his Maratha allies, who before long succeeded in annexing the whole of Bundelkhand. Under Maratha rule the country was a prey to constant anarchy and strife. To this period must be traced the origin of the poverty and desolation which are still conspicuous throughout the district.

In 1803 Kalpi was captured by the British. Jalaun State became a British protectorate in 1806. But in 1840, on the death of Nana Gobind Ras without descendants, it was annexed to British India by virtue of the doctrine of lapse.[1] Various interchanges of territory took place, and in 1856 the boundaries of the British district were substantially settled, with an area of 1,477 square miles (3,830 km2).

Jalaun was the scene of much violence during the Revolt of 1857. When the news of the rising at Kanpur reached Kalpi, the men of the 53rd Native Infantry deserted their officers, and in June the Jhansi rebels reached the district, and began their murder of Europeans. It was not until September 1858 that the rebels were finally defeated. In the later 19th century, the district suffered much from the invasive kans grass (Saccharum spontaneum), owing to the spread of which many villages were abandoned and their land thrown out of cultivation. The population of the district was 399,726 in 1901, and the two largest towns were Konch and Kalpi (pop. 10,139 in 1901). The district was traversed by the line of the Indian Midland railway from Jhansi to Kanpur. A small part of it is watered by the Betwa Canal. Grain, oil-seeds, cotton and ghee were exported. According to History the British Jalaun in year 1840 state of the Maratha merger by its territory was taken intax Pargana Orai-Jalaun Aata and Mahoba instructed own its rights under was received it Jalaun District of Jalaun becoming the first phase can be said. there are two types stories about name Jalaun, According to first one in Jalaun territory, there were dense net of forests because in Hindi forests known as 'Wan'and net means 'Jal'. so JALAUN got its name JAlwan. By the time it changed as 'JALAUN'. Second story tells that Jalaun named after a saint 'Jalana'. Jalaun is the city which has its headquarters in Orai. that's why Jalaun is still struggling for basic needs of Railways, Roadways stands, Industrial areas, educational hubs, Good leadership, Employment.

Geography[edit]

Jalaun is located at 26°09′N 79°21′E / 26.15°N 79.35°E / 26.15; 79.35.[2] It has an average elevation of 144 metres (472 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Jalaun had a population of 50,033. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jalaun has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 65.38: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 55%. In Jalaun, 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Educational institutions[edit]

  • Lt. Bahadur singh mahavidyalay madhaugarh
  • Globe Institute jalaun.*
  • saryu maa uttar madhaymic high school sadupura jalaun*
  • Keshav Dev Tiwari Mahavidyalay
  • Maharani Bai inter college
  • NST Education Centre Jalaun
  • Maharana Pratap Science Academy Jalaun
  • Stride Classes By Abhishek Mishra
  • jalaun public Academy
  • Kanhaiya lal agrawal memorial Bal vidya mandir
  • Fundi Singh Launa Govt. Post Graduate College
  • Kailash Devi Sharavan Kumari Mahavidyalaya
  • Seth Virendra Kumar Mahavidyalaya
  • Jagrani Ochhe Lal Girls degree college (Under Construction)
  • M.L. Degree College (Under Construction)
  • Swami Vivekanand Inter College affiliated to Vidya Bharati
  • Chhatrasal Inter College
  • Dr. Ambedkar Inter College
  • Bundelkhand yuva chetna institute
  • SBDM Inter College
  • Mathura Devi Girls Inter College
  • M.L.B. Inter College
  • Anandi Bai Harshe Girls inter Collegeaffiliated to Vidya Bharati Akhil Bharatiya Shikshan Sansthan
  • Subedar satyendra inter college mou khurd, jalaun
  • Sarswati Shishu Mandir affiliated to Vidya Bharati Akhil Bharatiya Shikshan Sansthan
  • Bundelkhand Inter College etc.
  • Govt. Inter collage Orai
  • Diwan maharaj singh inter college govt.
  • Sri Gandhi Inter College Garhgawana
  • Poorna Devi Jalaun

Main crops[edit]

  • Wheat
  • Green Pea
  • Menthol
  • Pulse (Tuar/Pigeopea, Urad, Masoor/Lentil, Gram/Chickpea etc.)

Marriage halls and lodges[edit]

  • Abhinandan guest house, Devnagar Chowraha, jalaun
  • Kanhaiya Dham
  • Rangoli guest house
  • Mandpam, ORAI
  • Milan guest house
  • Harish Chandra Palace
  • Madhav Vivar
  • Welcome Lodge
  • Lakshmi Palace
  • Patel guest house
  • Ganga Dham, Churkhi Road, Jalaun
  • Parsuram dham aurekhi
  • Chanda Chhaya Marriage Hall ChurkhiRoad, Jalain
  • Mr. Ram lakhan pandey churkhi wal churkhi road Jalaun
  • Shri Ram Guest House, Jalaun

Villages[edit]

  • Patrahi
  • Musmariya
  • Nasirpur
  • Badi Nadai
  • Chhoti Nadai
  • Noorpur
  • Aunta
  • Atariya
  • Saraini
  • Sikri Raja
  • Roora Addu
  • Rinia Churkhi
  • Amkheda
  • Kursenda
  • Chitoura/Chitouri
  • Karmukha
  • Churkhi
  • Tarsaur (near Sirsa Kalar)
  • Sadupura (Babai)
  • Hathna Bujurg
  • Damras
  • Mou Khurd
  • Aalaipur
  • Mandr
  • Sonai Parwai
  • Harauli
  • Sewadhi
  • Bhitara
  • Kotra
  • Biriya Near Madogarh Galla Mandi
  • Shekhpur Bujurg
  • Sekhpur Ahir
  • Titra
  • Sahaw
  • Haripura
  • Singhpura
  • Bhadwan
  • Kunwarpura
  • Kharra
  • Narainpura
  • Ugrapur
  • Rura-Sirsa
  • Dhantauli
  • Kaith
  • Sultanpura
  • Hardoi Raja
  • Launa
  • Kusmara
  • Parwatpura
  • Urgaon
  • Aidalpura
  • Gadena
  • babai
  • Khaksees
  • Kamsera
  • Dama
  • Badauwan
  • Kyolari
  • Karhiapur
  • Lahchoora
  • Garhgawan
  • Kuthonda
  • Sirsa Kalar
  • May
  • Gohani
  • Gokal Pura
  • Babai
  • Muhana
  • Gohan
  • Rampura
  • Umari
  • Majeeth
  • Kharai
  • Rampura
  • Jaggammanpur
  • Mihona
  • Bangara
  • Nawar
  • Kuthond
  • Aurekhi
  • Bilauhan
  • Chhani khas
  • Sarawan
  • Gora Bhupka
  • Gora Chiraiya
  • Kudari
  • Jaisari
  • Chhani
  • Babina
  • Badauwan
  • Kyolari
  • Karhiapur
  • Lahchoora
  • Kanchanpur
  • Shalabad
  • Garhgawana
  • Usargaon
  • Jahtauli
  • Ait
  • Jamrohi Khurd
  • Ranwa
  • Chhaunk
  • Sirsa Do Garhi
  • Maktaura
  • Garhar
  • Jeepura

Temples and visiting places[edit]

  • JALAUN WALI MATA MANDIR SIDDH STHAN (Kanjhari)
  • Radha Krishna Mandir (Orai)
  • Thareshwari Mandir (Orai)
  • Maa Kali & Shiv Mandir Mou Khurd
  • Kamaksha Devi mandir near satmeel
  • Sheetla Mata Mandir amkheda road Kamsera
  • Bairagar (Ait)- is the most peaceful place - Maa Durga Mandir
  • Saraswati Mata Mandir near Sbi Jalaun
  • Mansa Pooran Hanuman Mandir Biriya near Madhogarh
  • Dwarikadeesh Mandir
  • BADI MATA MANDIR Gohan
  • CHOTI MATA MANDIR
  • CHATI MATA MANDIR
  • SANKATMOCHAN MANDIR
  • MAA KAMAKSHA DEVI MANDIR SIDDH STHAN [PAHADPURA]
  • BAMBAI WALA MANDIR
  • NANA MAHARAJ MANDIR
  • 22 feet (6.7 m) HANUMAN MANDIR
  • AAJAD CHANDRA SHEKHAR PARK
  • RAM JANKI AUR MANSA PURAN HANUMAN MANDIR SAHAW
  • SINGH WAHINI MATA MANDIR {SIDDH PEETH} SAHAW
  • SHOBHAN SARKAR MANDIR SAHAW
  • Gadha ki mata Mandir
  • Harauli ki mata Mandir
  • Valmiki temple Babina
  • Raj Mandir Badauwan
  • bhuresure mandir sarawan
  • Shri shiv mandir [moh. kashinath,jalaun]jalaun
  • Nawli Bali Mata Mandir
  • Hanuman Mandir Garhgawana
  • Shiv ji Mandir Jalaun
  • Ganesh Ji Mandir Jalaun
  • Mahavir Ji, Mo.Hirdeshah Bazaria Jalaun
  • Mastram Baba, Sarangpur Road, Jalaun

References[edit]

External links[edit]