Its territory is plain and low-mountainous. Altitude of some mountains in the east is below the sea level. Climate is mild with dry summer. Average temperature is equal to 1-3°C in winter and 25-30°C in summer. Amount of annual precipitation is 400-600 mm. The Bolgarchay, Misharchay, Injachay, Goytapachay and other rivers flow through the rayon. Soils here are alluvial-meadow, chestnut, mountainous brown, forest soils and others. Forests occupy 17,7 thousand ha, and there is also a winter quarters for birds. Animals such as rabbit, wild boar, badger, wolf, fox, jackal, beaver and others, birds such as eagle, crow, lark, duck, coot, pheasant, stork, bustard and others inhabit there.