Jalilavand

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Jalilavand (Jaelawendi in Kurdi) is one of the many Laki speaking tribes in Iran. They are originally of the Zand people where Laki dialect of Kurdi originated, whom played a huge role in Persian history. But also it's important to say that the Jalilavandi faction played a huge part in Kermanshah's Kurdish history.

History[edit]

Jalilavandi lived among the mountainous regions of an area known as Lakestan. They were apart of a people called Zand (Zandan) who inhabited the mountainous region. The Zand people were very well known among the people of the Zagros mountains for their militaristic nature and aggressiveness. They were warriors of the land, but also were very welcoming to those who did not threaten them, as good hospitality towards guests was a big part of Zandi culture.

The movement from the region of Lakestan to Shiraz occurred in the Zand dynasty. Which took place after Nader Shah rule fell, and Persia went into civil war. Karim Khan Zand, who was born in the Zand people, took rule of the land. This was the start of a new Dynasty called the Zand Dynasty. Karim Khan Zand was known as a "Kurdish Hero", to many of the people of the Zagros region, as he proudly proclaimed is Kurdish background. Karim Khan Zand moved his people (Zand tribe) from the region of Lakestan to Shiraz where he proclaimed Shiraz as the capitol of the Zand empire. After Karim Khan's death, there was a power struggle between the people of the Zand tribe, innerwarfare and the new Qajarian rule forced the Zandi people to move back to their original land. During which, many Zand people started to create family alliances among each other, separating from the original tribe due to inner conflict. That's where the main Laki-speaking tribes come from, including Jalilavand, Kakavand, Bayranvand, Gorgivand, Jalalavand.

Once the former Zandi tribe had moved back to Lakestan, every newly formed alliance moved and claimed their own land. Various conflicts and other factors caused many of new alliances to separate even further and move to different areas some far away But most of the former Zandi people stayed within the area of Lakestan, expanding it through population growth and migrations. Right now there is said to be around 1.5 million Laki speaking people, most of the Laki speaking people include Jalilavandi still live in or around the area of Lakestan. Which has obviously larger expanded to what it was during the Zand era. Lakestan is in area that covers most of Southeast Kermanshah and Northwest Lorestan and parts of western Ilam. This area is known for its mountainous terrain and green valleys.

According to an elder in the Jalilvand tribe, the name Jalilvand is from Estakhr Shiraz and they were part of the Zand tribe and the Zand army. In 1503 when Shiraz and Kerman fell under Safari Dynasty (1501-1722) many of the Zandi people returned to Lakestan after the fall of their leader Muhammed Karim Khan Zand. During which, the move took them across the Karun River which is 720 km long and goes through the Zand Kuh Mountains of the Bakhtiari district in the Zagros Range. The Karun River had overflowed due to heavy rains and the tribe lost many members and livestock while crossing. Some of its people could not cross and had to stay in that region. Most were able to cross, and once they were back in their former land, they moved due to internal conflicts. The Kakavandi alliances and the Jalilavand alliances both moved northwards. Some of the Jalilavandis remained in Lorestan region of Lakestan, but most had relocated to the valley area of Bistun region, were they made there way throughout the Chemchamal valley, including a large portion than designated their families on top the Parau Mountains, and were later called Pauravandis or Payravandis.

Due to other displacements, Jalilavandi villages are found in Laki speaking villages in Qazvin and Terhan, which are the only Laki speaking villages in Qazvin or Tehran shared with the Kakavandi tribe whom some had also been displaced to Qazvin. Due to Sha

There were six factions of the Jalilavandi family whom are well known today. Doysan دویسان, which included large families of the Baba Heydar known as the Heydari Ali Khan Jalilvand, Dajar Yalan دجریلان, Deghlah Saran دقله سران who mainly are in Chamchamal, Damah Run دمه ران, Dou Rousman دوروسمان which included the families Shoohab Lashkar and Zargham Lashkar Jalilvand from Zibajoob and Zahmani, and Vazn Pan وزنپان from Tehran, Qazvin and villages in Qazvin like Ghaghezan, Aghche Gand, Bashgal and Ghreh Bagh. In each area there are many different villages that the Jalilvand Tribe settled in. Jalavandis are mainly found in Kermanshah, in Dinavar region, Chemchamal valley, Parau region (who are called the Pauravandis) villages.

Jalilavandi Family Legacy

The Grandsons of the Ghanber Ali khan who was Ali Akbar Kahn and Ali Asker Khan Jalilvand Rezayee were working as senators and living in Tehran and later on Ali Akbar Khan in his early retirement moved to Toyserkan. This family with Jalilvand families in Dinavar had a strong family connection. During trip of the Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar which Ghanber Ali Khan was invited to travel with king to Kermanshah, at the same time Ghanber Ali Khan send a request to Ayne Ali Khan Jalilvand "عینعلی خان " in Dinavar to be the host of the King the Nas-ser-al-Din Shah Qajar and his guests in Saranj Dinavar for 3 days. As a result of this hospitality from Ayne Ali Khan to king, over time he became the owner of the most of the Dinavar area. There is document that shows how Dinavar was divided between families which the image of it will be publish in this site soon.

Heydar Ali Khan Jalilvand son of the Safer Ali Khan who was from same family roots of Haj Ghanber Khan Saed-e-Doul-molk or “Saed-el-doulah” who had upper level military, many different roles and position with beginning of Mohammad Shah Qajar (1834 - 1848) and during Nasser-al-Din Shah Qajar (1831–1896). There are books regarding Haj Ghanber Khan Jalilvand, Jalilvand family and all government positions him and his family had during Qajar’s dynasty. One of the books it is called Geography and history of Kermanshah by Mohammad Ali Soultani.

There is a book written by Haji Fatali khan Heydari Zibajouee about Dinavar which is called Dinawar. This book is about 120 pages and it does explain some history of Dinavar and also small part of the family of Jalilvand in Dinavar. There are over 800 or more families of Jalilvand leave in Dinavar, this family been there before Zand and some of the family moved to Shiraz to help Zand Dynasty. Heydar Ali Khan Jalilvand son of the Safer Ali Khan Jalilvand was the leader of the family in Dinavar and had very strong family relationship to Ghanber Ali Khan and his son Jafar Gholi Khan Jalilvand which have miles of great record during history of the Zand and the Qajar dynasty. To this day, still Jalilvand people in Dinavar and history of this family are very strong in the area.

The oldest person of the family will become the family leader in this case in Dinavar is General Nosratolah Khan Heydarian grandson of the Shohab Lashkar "شوهاب لشکر". In Dinavar there are many different last names which were generated during early1900 each family leader in Dinavar area who are Jalilvand chose different last names from Jalilvand family in Dinavar like: Arbasi, Heydarian, Dinavari, Heydari Zibajouee, Nooraie, Heidari, Kaini, Khodadadeh, Jalilvand, Ahmadi, and more. Most Dinavar families are related to each other.

References[edit]