|• ISO 259||Ǧalǧúlya|
|• Also spelled||Jaljulye (official)
Southern entrance to Jaljulia
|• Type||Local council|
|• Total||1,900 dunams (1.9 km2 or 500 acres)|
In 1265 C.E. (663 H) it is known that the Sultan Baybars allocated equal shares of the village to three of his amirs. One of these, amir Badr al-Din Baktash al-Fakri, included his section of the village in a waqf he established.
In 1596, Jaljulia was part of the Ottoman Empire, nahiya (subdistrict) of Banu Sa´b under the Liwa of Nablus, with a population of 100 households ("Khana"). It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat and barley, as well as "summer crops", "occasional revenues", "goats and bees", and a market toll. There was also a poll tax, jizya, on the Christians and Jews in the locality.
In the late 19th century, Jaljulia was described as a large adobe village on the plain. The mosque was described as fine, but ruined. A ruined Khan was also mentioned. Water was supplied by a well on the west side of the village.
After the 1948 war, Jaljulia was on the Arab side of the ceasefire line and its land was confiscated by Israel. It was transferred to Israel in the 1951 armistice agreement but failed to recover its land, which had been given to new Israeli settlements.
The mosque is locally known as Jami Abu´l - Awn, which associates it with the 15th-century religious leader Shams al-Din Abu´l - Awn Muhammad al-Ghazzi, who is known to have come from the town. The architecture of the mosque is, according to Petersen, consistent with a 15th or early 16th century construction date.
The Khan is located opposite side of the road of the mosque.
The Khan was built by Sayf al-Din Tankiz, the governor of Damascus 1312-1340, and it was still functioning in the 16th century, when it was mentioned in an Ottoman firman. In the 19th century it was seen by Guérin, who described it as a beautiful khan with a (ruined) polygonal minaret.
Petersen, who surveyed the structure in 1996, found the courtyard entirely overgrown and it was not possible to detect any features within, however, he notes that a 19th-century visitor had mentioned that there was "a great round well" in the centre.
In 2010, a tennis school was established in Jaljulia by Iman Jabber and Daniel Kessel. In 2011, 50 girls and 20 boys signed up for tennis lessons. The school organizes coexistence matches between Jaljulia and Ra'anana.
- al-'Ulaymi, 1876, p.148
- "Table 3 - Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2010-06-30. Retrieved 2010-12-18.
- Palmer, 1881, p.230
- Mixed Doubles, Haaretz
- TIR, p. 128, cited Petersen, 2001, p. 175
- Delaville Le Roulx, 1883, p. 176- 177, no. 74; cited in Röhricht, 1893, RHH, p. 286, no 1100, cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 175
- MPF 92, no 20 Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 140. Quoted in Petersen, 2001, p. 176
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 288-289
- Andrew Petersen (1997). "Jaljuliya: a Village on the Cairo-Damascus Road". Levant XXIX: 95–114.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970 p.75
- Mayer et al., 1950, p. 29, 37. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.177
- Petersen, 2001, p.178
- According to Maqrizi, Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
- Heyd, 1969, p.110. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p.178
- Guérin, 1875, Samarie II, 368-9. Translated and cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 179
- Ritter, 1866, vol 4, p. 249. Cited in Petersen, 2001, p. 178
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jaljulia.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Clermont-Ganneau, C. S.(1896): Archaeological Researches in Palestine 1873-1874, [ARP], translated from the French by J. McFarlane, Palestine Exploration Fund, London. Volume 2, p.37, p.340,
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Delaville Le Roulx, Joseph (1883). Les archives, la bibliothèque et le trésor de l'Ordre de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem à Malte (in French and Latin). Paris: E. Thorin.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
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- Petersen, Andrew (2001): A Gazetteer of Buildings in Muslim Palestine: Volume I (British Academy Monographs in Archaeology)
- Ritter, Carl (1866): The comparative geography of Palestine and the Sinaitic Peninsula, vol 4
- Röhricht, Reinhold (1893). Regesta regni Hierosolymitani (MXCVII-MCCXCI) (in Latin). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana.
- al-'Ulaymi Sauvaire (editor) (1876): Histoire de Jérusalem et d'Hébron depuis Abraham jusqu'à la fin du XVe siècle de J.-C. : fragments de la Chronique de Moudjir-ed-dyn Index: pp 115, 148, 154, 266
- Official website (Hebrew) (Arabic)
- Arabic website (Arabic)
- CBS statistics on Jaljuliya (Hebrew)
- Welcome To Jaljuliya
- SWP map 14