Jalkhanz Khutagt Sodnomyn Damdinbazar

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Jalkhanz Khutagt Sodnomyn Damdinbazar
Жалханз Хутагт Содномын Дамдинбазар
JalkhanzKhutagt2.jpg
Prime Minister of Mongolia
In office
3 March 1922 – 23 June 1923
Preceded by Dogsomyn Bodoo
Succeeded by Balingiin Tserendorj
Personal details
Born 1874
Oigon nuur, Zavkhan aimag, Mongolia
Died 23 June 1923(1923-06-23) (aged 48)
Niislel Khüree
This is a Mongolian name. The given name is Damdinbazar, and the name Sodnomyn is a patronymic, not a family name. The subject should be referred to by the given name.

The Jalkhanz Khutagt Sodnomyn Damdinbazar (Mongolian: Жалханз Хутагт Содномын Дамдинбазар; 1874–1923) was a high lamaist incarnation from northwestern Mongolia who played a prominent role in the country's independence movement in 1911-1912. He served as Prime Minister twice; first in 1921 as part of the Bogd Khan puppet government established by Baron Roman Ungern von Sternberg, and again from 1922 to 1923 under the revolutionary government of the Mongolian People's Party.

Early life[edit]

Damdinbazar was born in 1874 at lake Oigon nuur in the Nömrög district of present-day Zavkhan aimag. His father Tserensodnom and mother Sonom were middle-class herders. In 1877 he was proclaimed Jalkhanz Khutagt or "saint incarnate" at Jalkhanzyn Khüree Monastery, in what is today Bürentogtokh sum in Khövsgöl aimag. From the ages of 16 to 20 he was instructed in Tibetan and Mongolian script, mathematics, astrology, and religious matters as a novice in a monastery at Ikh Hüree (present day Ulan Bator).

Political career[edit]

Khatanbaatar Magsarjav

Damdinbazar supported Mongolian independence as early as 1900 during the military rebellion in Uliastai. From 1911 to 1912 he publicly campaigned for Mongolia's independence from Chinese rule. He was appointed Minister for the Pacification of the Western Border Areas during the Bogd Khaanate government and together with Khatanbaatar Magsarjav, Manlaibaatar Damdinsüren, Togtokh Taij, and Dambijantsan took part in the liberation of Khovd. In recognition of his leadership he was awarded the honorable title Samadi Nomun Khan in 1912.

As a representative of the Bogd Khan's government, he traveled several times to Beijing to voice Mongolian concerns and demands. He was part of a delegation in 1919 that established contact with the American Consul in Kalgan with a letter from the Bogd Khan inviting the U.S. to open a consulate in the newly renamed Mongolian capital Niislel Khüree.

After the Chinese occupied Niislel Khüree in 1919, Damdinbazar became an official under the Chinese Minister Chen Yi while the Bogd Khan was placed under house arrest. He then served as Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior in the Mongolian government established by the Bogd Khan on February 22, 1921 after capture of Niislel Khuree by Baron Ungern.

Damdinbazar ignored approaches made to him by Mongolian revolutionary forces in spring 1921 and withdrew from public service after Baron Ungern was defeated by the Soviet Red Army and Mongolian revolutionary forces under Damdin Sükhbaatar in July 1921. Later that year, however, he was contacted by Comintern agents and agreed to oppose White Russian forces in Western Mongolia. He then joined forces with Magsarjav in Uliastai in the campaign against the Whites.

Prime minister[edit]

In 1922 Dogsomyn Bodoo resigned as prime minister in the face of accusations that he conspired with reactionary enemies (including Ja Lama and the U.S. Consul in Kalgan) to overthrow the government. Soon afterwards he was executed. Looking to quell resulting religious anger (Bodoo was a lama) party leaders including Sükhbaatar invited Damdinbazar to become the next prime minister. Damdinbazar died a little more than 15 months later, on June 23, 1923.

References[edit]

  • M.Nyamaa, Khövsgöl aimgiin lavlakh toli, Ulaanbaatar 2001, p. 80f
  • Sanders, Alan J.K., Historical Dictionary of Mongolia, 1996, p. 48
  • Kuzmin, Sergei L. (2011). The History of Baron Ungern. An Experience of Reconstruction. Moscow: KMK Sci. Press, ISBN 978-5-87317-692-2.
Political offices
Preceded by
Dogsomyn Bodoo
Prime Minister of Mongolia
1922 - 1923
Succeeded by
Balingiin Tserendorj