Jalna, Maharashtra

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This article is about the municipality in Maharashtra, India. For its namesake district, see Jalna district.
Jalna, Maharashtra
Jalna
जालना جالنه
City
Nickname(s): City of Steel
Jalna, Maharashtra is located in Maharashtra
Jalna, Maharashtra
Jalna, Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 19°50′N 75°53′E / 19.83°N 75.88°E / 19.83; 75.88Coordinates: 19°50′N 75°53′E / 19.83°N 75.88°E / 19.83; 75.88
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Jalna
Government
 • Type Nagar Palika (Municipality)
 • M.L.A. of Maharashtra Arjun Khotkar
Elevation 489 m (1,604 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 345,035
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 431203
Telephone code 02482
Vehicle registration MH 21

Jalna About this sound pronunciation (Marathi: जालना Urdu: جالنه‎) is a city and a municipal council in Jalna district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Jalna was formerly a part of Hyderabad State as a tehsil of Aurangabad district. Jalna district was formed on 1 May 1982 by carving Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafrabad, Ambad tehsils out of Aurangabad district and Partur tehsil out of Parbhani district. The boundaries of Jalna district are adjacent to Parbhani & Buldhana, on the east; Aurangabad, on the west; Jalgaon, on the north; and Beed, on the south. It is the premier commercial centre of the Marathwada region and is also the headquarters of the tehsil & district to which it gives its name.

History[edit]

Legend dates the foundation of the town as far back as the time of Rama, the hero of Ramayana, whose consort Sita is supposed to have resided here. The locals still point out the place where Rama's palace stood. Acting on the desire of a wealthy Muslim merchant, who is said to have been a great benefactor of the place, it was named Jalna, from his occupation of Julaha or weaver.

Jalna has had frequent changes of masters. During Akbar's time Jalna was held as a jagir by one of his generals, and Abul Fazl made it his residence for a short period. Nizam ul Mulk Asaf Jah also favoured the town as being healthier than others. For a long time it was held by a dependent of the Shinde clan. Shortly after the battle of Udgir in 1760, a rival claimant from Pune endeavoured to seize it. Colonel Stevenson's troops took possession of it in 1803, in the famous Battle of Assaye. Assaye was a village in Jafrabad tehsil on the river Juah located around 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) east of Bhokardan. Afterwards it finally reverted to the Nizam of Hyderabad.

Geography[edit]

Jalna is located at 19°50′N 75°53′E / 19.83°N 75.88°E / 19.83; 75.88.[1] It has an average elevation of 489 metres (1604 feet), it is situated on the banks of the Kundalika River. Jalna district covers an area of 7,612 square kilometres (2,939 sq mi), which is 2.47% of the total area of Maharashtra state. Jalna is situated approximately at the center of the state, in the northern part of Marathwada region.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Jalna
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
39
(102)
39
(102)
34
(93)
30
(86)
29
(84)
30
(86)
32
(90)
30
(86)
29
(84)
32.4
(90.3)
Average low °C (°F) 10
(50)
14
(57)
19
(66)
23
(73)
25
(77)
24
(75)
22
(72)
22
(72)
21
(70)
19
(66)
15
(59)
12
(54)
18.8
(65.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.8
(0.071)
1.1
(0.043)
6.6
(0.26)
3.1
(0.122)
28.6
(1.126)
150.1
(5.909)
152.5
(6.004)
182.3
(7.177)
156.8
(6.173)
75.2
(2.961)
13
(0.51)
12.5
(0.492)
783.6
(30.848)
Source: Jalna Weather

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Jalna
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
63%
Muslims
  
25%
Buddhists
  
8.6%
Christians
  
1.4%
Jains
  
1.7%
Others†
  
0.3%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

As of 2001 India census,[2] Jalna had a population of 235,529. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Jalna has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 57%. In Jalna 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Transportation[edit]

Jalna is primarily connected with the rest of India by railway and road.

Rail[edit]

"Jalna" (Station Code: J) is a station located on the Kachiguda-Manmad section of the newly created Nanded Division (NED) of South Central Railway (SCR). Formerly, it had been a part of Hyderabad Division (HYB), before divisional adjustments in 2003, which saw HYB's bifurcation. Jalna is well-connected by rail with the rest of Maharashtra - Mumbai, Nasik, Pune, Manmad, Daund, Aurangabad, Nanded, Parbhani, Parli Vaijnath, Latur, Osmanabad, Gangakhed, Mudkhed, and Nagpur; with Andhra Pradesh - Adilabad, Basar, Nizamabad, Mahbubnagar, Kachiguda, Kurnool, Kadapa, Renigunta, Tirupati; and with Tamil Nadu - Katpadi, Erode, and Madurai. The Marathwada Express, which travels between Manmad, in western Maharastra, and Dharmabad, in the east, is the most prestigious train passing through this station.

Road[edit]

Jalna is connected to major towns of the state by state highways. Road connectivity is excellent, roads connecting to Aurangabad, Pune, Ahmednagar, Nagpur, Beed, Mumbai having been upgraded to four-lane highways. A New Nagpur-Aurangabad-Mumbai highway, passing through Jalna, is being developed.

Industry[edit]

The first cotton-ginning & oil-pressing factory was established in the year 1863 by Mr. Pestonji Meherwanji, a wealthy Merchant belonging to the Jalnawalla family. The Jalnawallas owned 6,400 acres (2,600 ha) of land and 17 cotton-ginning & oil-pressing factories in Nizam State.

In 1889 a cotton-spinning and weaving mill was erected in Aurangabad city, which employed 700 people. With the opening of the Hyderabad-Godavari Valley Railways in the year 1900, several ginning factories were started. In Jalna alone, there were 9 cotton-ginning factories and 5 cotton presses, besides two ginning factories at Aurangabad and Kannad, and one oil press at Aurangabad. The total number of people employed in the cotton presses and ginning factories in the year 1901 was 1,016.[3]

The cotton market of Jalna is well known in the surrounding area.

In accordance with plans of Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC), an industrial area has been set up in Jalna, consisting of large-, medium-, and small-scale industries. This Jalna Industrial Area has a large number of steel rolling mills; NRB Bearing, a ball-bearing manufacturer; Lakshimi Finance & Industrial, Ltd., of Hyderabad, in partership with A. Mouliyadav, with the support of BJP and other political parties;[citation needed] a unit manufacturing construction bars with brand name POLAAD; agro-based units like dal mills and, most significantly, a large number of seed manufacturing units - Mahyco, Mahindra, Bejo-Sheetal being some of them. The MIDC has recently announced plans to set up a biotechnology park (BT Park) at Jalna, with the help of the private sector. This park will give a tremendous boost to the biotech sector in the backward areas of Marathwada.[4]

Education[edit]

Jalna is one of the renowned educational centres in Maharashtra.

Jalna City is home to several colleges and universities:

  • Agricultural College; Badnapur, Jalna
  • Badrinarayana Barwala Mahavidyalaya (Junior & Senior College), Jalna
  • D.J.P. (Dharati Janseva Pratishthan) College of Engineering & Technology, Jalna
  • D.J.P. I.T.I. (Industrial Training Institute), Jalna
  • D.J.P. Polytechnic College; Rohanwadi, Jalna
  • Government Ayurvedic College & Hospital, Jalna
  • Government D.Ed. (Education) College; Old Jalna, Jalna
  • Government I.T.I., Jalna
  • Government Polytechnic College, Jalna
  • Gujrati Mahavidyalaya, Jalna
  • Guru Mishri Homeopathic College; Selgaon, Jalna
  • Jalna College of B.B.A., Jalna
  • J.E.S. (Jijamata Education Society) College of Arts, Science and Commerce, Jalna
  • J.E.S. College of Pharmacy, Jalna
  • Marathi Kanyapath Shala (University)
  • M.S.S. (Matsyodari Shikshan Sanstha's) College of Arts, Commerce & Science, Jalna
  • M.S.S. College of Engineering & Technology, Jalna
  • M.S.S. D.Ed. (Education) College, Jalna
  • M.S.S. Law College, Jalna
  • National D.Ed. (Education) College; National Nagar, Jalna
  • Rashtramata Indira Gandhi College, Jalna
  • R.H.V. Hindi Mahavidyalaya, Jalna
  • S.B. (Saraswati Bhuvan) College of Science & Arts, Jalna

Some primary and secondary schools in Jalna:

  • Allama Iqbal Urdu High School; Dukhi Nagar, Jalna
  • C.T.M.K. High School, Jalna
  • Chaitaly Multimedia High School, Jalna
  • Golden Jubilee High School (C.B.S.E.), Jalna
  • Jain High School, Jalna
  • Multi-Purpose Urdu High School, Jalna
  • Podar International School (C.B.S.E.); Shivaji Statue, Jalna
  • R.H.V. High School, Jalna
  • Ryan International School (C.B.S.E.), Jalna
  • S.B. High School; Town Hall, Jalna
  • St. John's High School & Junior College, Jalna
  • St. Mary's High School, Jalna
  • Smt. D.H.K.V. School, Jalna.
  • Shaheed Bhagat Singh High School, Daregaon
  • Shri M.S. Jain English School, Jalna
  • Urdu High School & Junior College; Itawara, Jalna

Nearby Hindu temples and shrines[edit]

[4] [5] [6]

Shri Ganesha of Rajur (Shri Maha Ganapati Sansthan)[edit]

This Ganesha temple, containing the Rajur swayambhu (self-manifested) idol, is situated 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of Jalna city. On every Chathurthi lots of pilgrims come to pray to the deity. A well-attended fair is held at the temple on Angarika Chaturthi.

The Rajur is considered as one of the complete pithas (centers) of Lord Ganesha, of the three-and-a-half according to the Ganesha Purana. Other complete pithas are at Morgaon and Chinchwad, both near Pune. The remaining half-pitha is at Padmalaya.[7][8][9]

The temple is in the final stages of renovation.

The Matsyodari Devi Mandir of Ambad[edit]

The Matsyodari Devi Temple of Ambad is situated 21 kilometres (13 mi) south of Jalna city. Matsyodari, so called because the temple is on a hill which resembles the shape of a fish (matsya), is believed to be one of the oldest temples in the region.

A well-attended annual fair is held at the temple in October, during Sharad Navratri.

Jamb Samartha, Ghansawangi[edit]

Jamb Samarth village is the place where Sant Ramdas Swami was born. This village is in Ghansavangi tehsil, of Jalna district.

Samarth Ramdas was born on Chaitra Shukla Navami, Shake 1530 (as per Hindu Calendar), at 12 p.m., the same time of birth as Ram Janma (Lord Rama). He was the younger son of Suryajipant Thosar Kulkarni and Ranubai. His birth name was Narayan Suryaji Thosar.

The elder brother of Sant Ramdas Swami was Gangadhar. He is known as 'Shreshtha' or 'Rami Ramdas'. He was born on Margashirsha Vadhya Trayodashi, Shake 1527.

Ramdas Swami wrote the holy granth (book) Dasbodh, Manache Shloka and many more shlokas. He took as his slogan Jai Jai Raghuveer Samarth, from the Hanuman Stuti. He built a number of Hanuman temples in villages throughout Maharashtra, for the purpose of encouraging in youth a devotion to Rama. He guided Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj in establishing his rule.

A popular annual fair is held at the Ram temple on Ram Navami. This Ram temple is situated in Sant Ramdas Swami's home.

The Samartha temple was built in memory of Sant Ramdas Swami. This temple is managed by a trust which was registered in 1943 by Nanasaheb Dev. The trust comprises 55 members and 11 trustees. It owns 240 hectares (590 acres) of land.

A building to lodge pilgrims is maintained by the trust. This building was built with a donation received from Queen Mother Holkar of Indore, in memory of Shri Devi Ahilyabai Holkar.

Jalicha Dev (Shri Chakradhar Swami), Jaidevwadi[edit]

Jalicha Dev is an important holy place for the Mahanubhav Panth people. It is believed that Shri Chakradhar Swami resided here for some time. It is in Jaidevwadi village, in Bhokardan tehsil, on the north side of Jalna district.

Shri Anandi Swami Mandir, Old Jalna[edit]

This temple is 250 years old and was built by the Maratha warrior Mahadaji Shinde, on the place where Shri Sant Anand Swami attained Samadhi in Old Jalna. On each Ashadhi Ekadashi a fair attracting large numbers of people takes place.

Mamma Devi Mandir, Old Jalna[edit]

This temple of Mamma Devi is at Mastgad, Old Jalna. Kirtan, Bhajan and other holy rituals are performed daily. Many people come for Darshan, especially in Navratri.

Shri Jagdamba Devi, Mantha[edit]

The Shri Jagdamba Temple of Mantha is situated on a hill 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) north of Mantha City. It is 300 years old. Many people come for Darshan, especially on Tuesday. A well-attended annual fair is held at the temple in Navratri and on Chaitra Purnima.

Shri Jagdamba Devi Mandir, Waghrul Jahangir[edit]

15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from Jalna, along the Devel Goan Raja Road, there is Waghrul Jahangir village, which contains a Jagdamba Devi temple. It is very famous in the region.

Shri Datta Ashram[edit]

Shri Datta Ashram was established in the year 1994 on the auspicious day of 'Shri Ram Navmi' by P. P. (Parama Poojya) Tai Maharaj. The saint and scholarly figure in the name of H. H. Shri Dattamaharaj Kavishwar was the prime inspiration behind this holy trust.[10] Shri Datta Ashram is located in Satguru Nagar, on Nhava Road (at Dev Murti Road), in Jalna.

  • Saints from India have always dedicated themselves to spread and enhance love and devotion for the supreme god and teachers (gurus) and to spread harmony and positive and humanitarian attitudes for the development of all living beings. Shri Datta Ashram always believed in these teachings and has devoted itself to spread the same and to provide assistance in the adoption thereof by society.
  • Modern medical science has established that there exists a close nexus between positive attitude and the physical and psychological well-being of a person. One of the objectives of Shri Datta Ashram is to provide a place for society, which is free from pollution and day to day tensions of modern life, where people will experience peace and mental and physical well-being.
  • Shri Datta Ashram conducts projects for people of all castes and creeds, providing a tension-free atmosphere, energetic vibrations arising out of Naam Sankirtan, and pure vegetarian food.
  • Also Shri Datta Ashram conducts religious rituals and celebrates festivals of the idols, and photographs of the gods and goddesses established on its premises; and it arranges food distributions (Anna Dāna) and collective programs on such occasions.

Holy places of Jainism[edit]

Guru Ganesh Bhavan at Jalna[edit]

Guru Ganesh Bhavan is an important holy place of the Jain people in Jalna city. Guru Ganesh is also known as Karnatak Kesari. The Jain trust 'Shri Vardhaman Sthankwasi Jain Shravak Sangh' is looking after the development of this holy place. This trust also operates other institutions, viz. schools, a school for the blind, a library and a gaushala (cattle shelter). The guashala is the largest one in the whole Marathwada region.

Islamic sites[edit]

The Jumma Masjid[edit]

The Jumma masjid at Jalna, also known as the Kali Masjid, built by Jamshed Khan in A.D. 1557, is rectangular in form, closed on three sides and with an arcade in front. The masjid has a verandah, with a sloping terraced roof resting on three pointed arches. The corners of the roof of the main structure carry little fluted domes, and the masjid contains some perforated stone-work. The principal dome is ornamented at the base and top with lotus leaves, and has the elegant form and slender spire of the Mughal style. A cistern is inside a paved courtyard; and the surrounding wall has a platform all round, with pointed arched recesses on the outside.[11]

Dargahs of Shah Nasir-ud-din and Shah Latif Kadari[edit]

The town of Jalna contains the dargahs of Shah Nasir-ud-din and Shah Latif Kadari, who came to the Dakhan with Burhan-ud-din.

Dargah of Zacha and Bacha[edit]

The dargah of Zacha and Bacha at Jalna bears a strong resemblance to the tombs of the Pathan kings at old Delhi. (According to a legend at Jalna, a female was pursued by a mad elephant; and, finding no shelter all round, prayed to be buried in the earth. Her prayer was answered, and this tomb was built over the spot to commemorate the event.) It consists of a square apartment, surrounded by a narrow verandah. Each face has three pointed arches supported on square columns; and a projecting string course above is succeeded by seven little rectangular recesses surmounted by pointed arches. A neat cornice comes next, and a parapet wall runs all round. A second parapet wall runs at a higher level, round the face walls of the main building; and an octagonal tower, covered with a small horse-shoe dome, is at each angle. The principal dome is ornamented with lotus leaves, etc., at the base; and the summit is crowned with a drum. The face walls of the main building have windows at the sides, filled in with perforated stonework.

Dargah of Nur Shah Wali[edit]

Nur Shah Wali's dargah at Jalna has a dome of the usual Indo-Saracenic style. The faces of the walls on the outside are divided into two stories by a plain horizontal band; and each storey is again sub-divided vertically into three compartments, by pilasters which rise above the projecting cornice, and form small minarets. The compartments of the lower storey on three sides contain recesses covered by scalloped arches, while the upper storey has small windows corresponding to them. The door of the dargah is on the fourth side, and has a verandah in front, supported on four wooden pillars, molded at top and bottom. The corners carry minarets which are higher than the intermediate ones; and an ornamental railing is between them. The lower part of the dome is adorned with a circular band of petals, and the upper bears an elegant spire. Nur Shah Wali flourished in the reign of Aurangzeb. His dargah is said to have been erected by one of his Hindu disciples; but probably it was only reconstructed.

Sufi saints of Jalna[edit]

[5][6]

Mohammed Ibrahim[edit]

The ashaba, which has two large iron cauldrons, contains the grave of Mohammed Ibrahim. There are many other graves in the vicinity, and the place has been used for a long time by the Muslims as a burial ground.

Sher Sawar and Raja Bagh Sawar[edit]

A tekri, or mound, with a deep well attached to it, is found not far from the ashaba. The mound is now surmounted by a dome which covers the remains of Shaikh Ahmad, surnamed "Sher Sawar" or the "lion-mounted." The attendant khadim makes him contemporary with Abdul-Qadir Gilani (died 561 AH). The dome is only a chilla, or cenotaph, and the body was buried elsewhere. The ashaba also contains the grave of Raja Bagh Sawar, a contemporary of Jan Allah. Raja Bagh Sawar is said to have visited Nirgun Shah Wali, seated on a lion. A pilu tree with an enormous trunk is found growing to the south-west, within the precincts of the cemetery.[12]

Tuttu Sodagar and others[edit]

Tuttu Sodagar was a wealthy merchant of Surat and a Bohra by caste. He built the Tuttu Darwaza (gate) of Jalna in 1126 AH. He died near the Ambad Gate, on his way back from Rakisbon, and was buried near the mosque which he built. There were six other rich Mussalmans in Jalna; in former days Jalna was noted for its wealth. According to an old Urdu proverb, "the children in Jalna were lulled to sleep in cradles of gold.” Malis and poor people offer fruit to Pir Ghaib Sahib's tomb in front of the Tuttu Darwaza.

Similar presents are made to the dargah of Dervash Shah Awaz on the Aurangabad road, especially by the dhobis, to preserve the clothes in the bhattis from getting burnt.

The inhabitants of Jalna pray for worldly success at Shah Shumli's tomb. Mothers offer supplications at Pir Darbari's tomb, so that their children may attend durbars, or become courtiers.

Shah Mauik's tomb is in the churi mohulla of Jalna, where glass bangles are manufactured and sold. Shah Shubli had his residence in the manek chowk, and was a follower of Abu Bakr Shibli, a renowned mystic sheikh of Baghdad. Musi Makai possessed a valuable library, and was buried in the ashaba to the north of Jalna.

Jamshed Khan and others[edit]

Jamshed Khan was a Sufi and the governor during Malik Ambar's time. He also constructed a large water reservoir system at Jalna, and laid down pipes and reservoirs for the water supply of the city. Jamshad Khan flourished in the 10th century of the Hijri. He was buried in his garden to the north of Jalna. The farmers sacrifice to his tomb, so that their crops may not suffer.

A masjid at Georahi, not far from Jalna, is frequented by Hindus and Muslims alike, as it is believed to possess powers of divination. A saint Rafi-ud-Din is said to have possessed similar powers, and his masjid has a waqf, or pious legacy, of 200 bighas of land, granted by Aurangzeb.

Bahar Khan was a religious man that came from Bidar to Ranjani in the 8th century of the Hijri. A mosque beyond Ranjani was built by his wife Ayisha Bi; and near it is the dargah of Latif Shah Aulia. Gudar Shah Wali arrived in Aurangzeb's time; he erected a mosque.

Jan Allah Shahi[edit]

A sect founded at Jalna by Jan Mohammed, who was born at Sinnur near Delhi in 1030 AH. He was early left an orphan, and started with his brother for Baghdad. On completing his studies, he was instructed at the tomb of Abdul Kadar Jilani to proceed to the great spiritualist Miranji of Burhanpur. After studying with Miranji for five years, Jan Mohammed's name was changed, in open congregation, to Jan Allah (Life of God), and that of his brother to Bab Allah (Door of God). In 1046 AH he started for Mecca, accompanied by the ancestors of the present khadims; and, on his journey, was assisted by the Jinns.

After an absence of twelve years, Jan Allah was instructed to proceed to Jalna, which he did by way of Baghdad. On arriving at Aurangabad, he occupied a chamber on the left of the Jumma Masjid of Malik Ambar. He stayed quite a recluse, performing the Sunnat (optional prayers) in his own room, and only the Fard (required prayers) in the mosque. His sanctity became known, and he was invited to Jalna by Haji Bur Khurdar, the faujdar. Aurangzeb also wished to see him and went for that purpose to the Jumma Masjid, and even to the hujra, or reception room, but did not succeed in his object. A copy of a letter is still shown, which is said to have been written to Jan Allah by order of Aurangzeb. The emperor next sent his vizier; but, before the latter could come, Jan Allah and his brother had quietly gone away to Mungi Paithan, and thence proceeded, with Abdur Rahman, the deputy faujdar, to Jalna. Aurangzeb then sent Prince Muazzam to Jalna; and the saint received the prince kindly in a small dwelling in a mango grove where Jan Allah's tomb has since been erected. It was on this occasion that Jan Allah received a sanad for five hundred bighas of land near Jalnapur, where Kadrabad and the cantonment now stand.

Nirgun Shah Wali[edit]

Nirgun Shah Wali came from Bengal, and lived as a recluse at Nidhara, two miles north of Jalna. His principle was, "retirement from the eyes of the world, and cessation from seeking the honor and respect of any one." When Aurangzeb was at Jalna, he is said to have visited Nirgun Shah Wali. Many others called to see him, including Jan Allah, Bab Allah, and Raja Bagh Sawar; and Nirgun received them, seated on a stone which is still pointed out. He also paid return visits, and took with him a starling (myna), which was always his companion and was able to talk.

Jalna Fort[edit]

Nizam ul Mulk Asaf Jah favoured the town as being healthier than Aurangabad, and it was he who ordered Kabil Khan in 1725 to build the fort, together with citadel, situated east of the town. The fort is quadrangular in shape, with semi-circular bastions at the corners. It is reported that the inner and the outer gates were constructed by Asaf Jah himself in 1711 and 1723, respectively. The citadel bears a Persian inscription recording the date when it was constructed. Within the citadel is a large well containing a series of galleries and chambers which are now filled up with rubbish.

The citadel now houses the municipal offices. The neighbourhood is today known as Mastgad.

Jalna was also surrounded by a mud and brick wall but it is all in ruins except two gates, known as the Murti Darwaza and the Hyderabad Gate.[4]

Reservoirs[edit]

Moti Talab[edit]

Jamshed Khan - who built the Kali Masjid, inside the Mecca gate, together with the hamam, or bathhouse, and the sarai - also constructed the Moti Talab, a reservoir lake west of the town. A system of underground pipes conveyed water to reservoirs in the town, the largest of which is in the quadrangle of the Kali Masjid sarai. This system is no longer in working order. When the city was at the height of its prosperity, there were five reservoirs. A garden was also constructed on the banks of the talab known as Moti Bagh.[4]

Ghanewadi Talab[edit]

The Gahnewadi Talab was built and constructed by Mr. Bezonji Faridoonji Jalnawalla in the years 1924 to 1931. Mr. Benzonji, in whose honour the Jalna municipality named a road, was a great patron of Jalna. He contracted for the building of the Ghanewadi lake; and he spent rupees two lakhs from his own pocket, so that the people of Jalna would have enough water for the city. He was a great philanthropist; and, from the accounts available with the firm Pestonji Meherwanji & Co., it is known that, up until the year 1949, Jalnawalla had spent about nine lakh rupees on various charity projects in Jalna. The talab is the only lake that has provided drinking water to the whole of Jalna city until now, but it's in very bad condition. That people around the lake repurpose the catch basin for agriculture, and that the local municipal council does not look after the lake, are the main reasons behind the lakes current condition.

An adjoining hamam, or bathhouse, is interesting on account of the arched roof that covers it.

A masjid and accompanying works are of limestone. A Mahommedan kachari, close by, is said to have been built by Jamshed Khan.

A large sarai to the west of the masjid had an imposing entrance, but the upper portion has fallen down. The sarai stands on molded stone pillars, and the roof has a pavilion at each corner. A large cistern is in front, in the courtyard. The courtyard measures 62 yards (57 m) by 48 yards (44 m), and is enclosed by a wall which has arched recesses all round for travellers.

Shopping and eating out[edit]

Subhash Road in the middle of the city is the place for local clothing stores.[13] The old food market known as Mahatma Phule Market is also located on this road. Subhash Road is the busiest in the city.

Other attractions in or near Jalna[edit]

  • Ajanta Caves (120 kilometres (75 mi))
  • Aurangabad (50 kilometres (31 mi))
  • Bilal Masjid
  • Dawa Bazar
  • Ellora Caves (150 kilometres (93 mi))
  • Iron Bridge
  • Jindal Supermarket
  • Lal Bagh
  • Lonar Crater Lake (100 kilometres (62 mi))
  • Mondha Mall
  • Sailani Baba Dargah
  • Saraswati Temple, Kharpudi
  • Shri Swami Samarth Mandir, Bhale Nagri

Localities in Jalna City[edit]

  • Afghan Mohalla
  • Ahmad Colony
  • Ambad Bes
  • Ambad Chaofully
  • Ambedkar Nagar; Barwar Galli, Kadrabad
  • Anand Nagar
  • Anand Swami Galli
  • Azad Maidan
  • Azad Nagar
  • Badi Sadak
  • Baid Pura
  • Bajaj Nagar
  • Barwar Galli, Kadrabad.
  • Bhagya Nagar
  • Bhale Nagar
  • Bilal Nagar
  • Canought Palace
  • Chandan Jhera North
  • Chandan Jhera South
  • Choudhary Nagar, Manth Road
  • Cidco
  • Daregaon
  • Dehedkar Wadi
  • Dukhi Nagar
  • Dwarka Nagar
  • Gandhi Chaman
  • Ganpati Galli
  • Ghayal Nagar; Behind S.B. High School, Old Jalna (S.D)
  • Gujrat Tea Traders.Pvt.Ltd
  • Hadco
  • Hanuman Chaowk
  • Income Tax Colony
  • Indewadi
  • Indira Nagar
  • Itwara North
  • Itwara South
  • JPC Bank Colony, Ram Nagar
  • K.G.N. Chowk (Aurangabad Chaufully)
  • Kacheri Road
  • Kali Kurti
  • Kali Masjid
  • Kanhayya Nagar Central
  • Kanhayya Nagar East
  • Kanhayya Nagar West
  • Kuchchar Watta
  • Lakkad Kot
  • M.I.D.C Daregao
  • M.I.D.C Nagewadi
  • M.I.D.C New
  • M.I.D.C Old
  • Mahavir Chaowk
  • Mahyco Colony
  • Malacha Ganpati (Maal ka Ganpati)
  • Mali Pura
  • Mama Chaowk
  • Maniyar Galli
  • Mantha Chaofully
  • Mastgarh
  • Modi Khana
  • Modikhana
  • Moti Bagh
  • Mukteshwar Dwar
  • Nariman Nagar
  • National Nagar
  • New Mondha
  • Nilam Nagar
  • Nilkand Nagar
  • Nutan Wasahat
  • Old Mondha
  • Pani Bes
  • Penshan Pura
  • Police Colony
  • Prashanti Nagar
  • Rahman Ganj
  • Railway Colony
  • Ram Nagar
  • Ram Tirth
  • Raut Nagar
  • S.T. Workshop
  • Sadar Bazar
  • Sambhaji Nagar
  • Sanjay Nagar
  • Sarafa
  • Shani Mandir
  • Shantinath Nagar
  • Shiv Nagar
  • Shivaji Nagar
  • Shivaji Putla
  • Subhash Road
  • Sundar Nagar
  • Tanga Stand
  • Tattu Pura
  • Telephone Colony
  • Tipusultan Chaowk
  • Town Hall
  • Varandavan Colony
  • Vikas Nagar
  • Zafar Khan Chali

Jalna, the novels[edit]

The city's name was used by Canadian author Mazo de la Roche for the title of her novel Jalna, first in a series of 16 popular books of the 20th century. Named after the city, Jalna is the name of a fictional manor house built in the 1850s in southern Ontario by a retired officer of the British army who had served in India. The book series sold some 12 million copies, and was adapted for stage, radio, film, and television.

Location[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jalna, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ Khan, Mirza Mehdy (1909). Hyderabad. Imperial Gazetteer of India. Calcutta: Government Printing Press. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Welcome to Jalna district—Introduction". Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  5. ^ a b His Highness the Nizam's Government (1884). Gazetteer of Aurangabad. Bombay: The Times of India Steam Press. pp. 385–427. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  6. ^ a b His Highness the Nizam's Government (1884). Gazetteer of Aurangabad. Bombay: The Times of India Steam Press. pp. 583–604. Retrieved 21 May 2014. 
  7. ^ Manjrekar, Prakesh. Shri Maha Ganapati Sansthan & Vitthal Mandir, Rajur...JALNA (Video). YouTube. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Famous places of Lord Ganesha". Ganeshay Namaha. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ganesh Temples In Maharashtra". SurajInfo. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 
  10. ^ "Dattashram". Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "Kali Masjid, Jalna". Hop Around India. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  12. ^ Burman, J. J. Roy (2002). Hindu-Muslim Syncretic Shrines and Communities. Mittal Publications. p. 170. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Jalna (MH)". Shopping-time.co.in. Retrieved 23 May 2014.