|Administrative Division||Aurangabad Division|
|• Total||7,612 km2 (2,939 sq mi)|
|• Density||209/km2 (540/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Tehsils||1. Jalna, 2. Ambad, 3. Bhokardan, 4. Badnapur, 5. Ghansavangi, 6. Partur, 7. Mantha, 8. Jafrabad|
|LokSabha||1. Jalna (shared with Aurangabad district) 2. Parbhani (shared with Parbhani district)|
Jalna district (Marathi: जालना जिल्हा) is an administrative district in the state of Maharashtra in western India. Jalna town is the district headquarters. The district is part of Aurangabad division. The district occupies an area of 7718 km². It has total 970 villages. The district is bounded on the north by Jalgaon district, on the east by Parbhani district and Buldhana district, on the south by Beed district and on the west by Aurangabad district.
The district is known for Jamb village, the birthplace of Samarth Ramdas Swami. The Battle of Assaye was fought on September 23, 1803 near the village of Assaye located near Jafrabad in this district.
Geographical location of the district is 19.01' N - 21.03'N and 75.04'E - 76.04'E.
The district is situated at the central Maharashtra, in the North Marathwada region. It is one of the eight districts of Marathawada region. The district has moderately to gently sloping undulated topography. The Northern part of the district is occupied by the Ajanta and Satmala hill ranges.
Rivers and lakes
The Godavari flows along the southern boundary of the district from west to east direction. The rivers, Dudhana, Gulati, Purna are the principal tributaries of the Godavari, which flow through the district. The river Purna flows from the central part of the district and meets the Godavari in the neighbouring district. The rivers, Khelna and Girja are the important tributaries of river Purna which flow through the district. Jalna is well known for sweet limes and is called "The City of Sweet Limes" . Ghanewadi is the lake near jalna city which was built to supply drinking water to city.
Jalna was formerly a part of the Princely State of Hyderabad and after the Indian independence in 1947, became part of Aurangabad district. On 1 May 1981, the new district was formed by carving out Jalna, Bhokardan, Jafrabad and Ambad talukas (Sub-division) of Aurangabad district and Partur taluka of Parbhani district.
The district is divided into two sub-divisions, Jalna and Partur. These are further divided into eight talukas: Jalna, Ambad, Bhokardan, Badnapur, Ghansavangi, Partur, Mantha and Jafrabad. The district was formed during the reign of chief minister Abdul Rehman Antulay.
The district has five constituencies of Maharashtra State Vidhan Sabha ( Legislative Assembly):
- Partur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Ghansawangi (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Jalna (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Badnapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Bhokardan (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
According to the 2011 census,
- Jalna district has a population of 1,958,483, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho or the US state of New Mexico. This gives it a ranking of 237th in India (out of a total of 640).
- The district has a population density of 255 inhabitants per square kilometre (660/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 21.84%.
- Jalna has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 73.61%.
- Institute of Mental Health (Erragadda) - Institute was shifted from Jalna To Hyderabad in 1953 after Hyderabad State (1948–56) was formed.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
New Mexico – 2,059,179
- Deo N S (2012). Darul Majanine, Jalna to Institute of Mental Health, Erragadda Hyderabad: The Forgotten History, Research Aaj Tak Vol.1 No.4 (Sept-Dec 2012).
|Aurangabad district||Hingoli district|
|Beed district||Parbhani district|