Jalore

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This article is about the municipality in Rajasthan, India. For its namesake district, see Jalore district.
Jalore
Jalor
city
Jalore is located in Rajasthan
Jalore
Jalore
Location in Rajasthan, India
Coordinates: 25°21′N 72°37′E / 25.35°N 72.62°E / 25.35; 72.62Coordinates: 25°21′N 72°37′E / 25.35°N 72.62°E / 25.35; 72.62
Country  India
State Rajasthan
District Jalor
Elevation 178 m (584 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 44,828
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 343001
Telephone code 912973
Vehicle registration RJ-16

Jalor, also known as Jalore (in Hindi जालोर), is a city in Rajasthan state of western India. It is the administrative headquarters of Jalor District.

Geography[edit]

Jalore lies to south of Sukri river, a tributary of Luni river and is about 140 km south of Jodhpur. Jalore hasn't grown that much in terms of infrastructure.But City Center is the example that it is growing. City center has many corporate offices like Axis Bank, Balaji Investments,Punjab National bank,Birla Sun Life Insurance Ltd etc...

History[edit]

In ancient times Jalore was known as Jabalipura - named after a saint. The town was also known as Suvarngiri or Songir, the Golden Mount, on which the fort stands.

According to some historical sources, in 8th-9th centuries, one branch of the Gurjara Pratiharas was ruling at Jablipur (Jalore).[1]

It was a flourishing town in the 8th century. Jalore was ruled by the Paramaras in the 10th century. Kirtipala, the youngest son of Alhana, ruler of Nadol, was the founder of the Jalore line of Chauhans. He captured it from the Parmars in 1181 and took the clan name Songara, after the place. His son Samarsimha succeeded him in 1182. Udayasimha was the next ruler under whom Jalore had a golden period. He was a powerful and able ruler ruling over a large area. He recaptured Nadol & Mandor from the Muslims. In 1228, Iltutmish circled Jalore but Udayasimha offered stiff resistance. He was succeeded by Chachigadeva & Samantasimha. Samantasimha was succeeded by his son Kanhadadeva.

During the reign of Kanhad Dev Songara, Jalor was attacked and destroyed in 1311 by Ala ud din Khilji, Sultan of Delhi. Kanhad Dev Songara and his son Viramdeo Songira died defending Jalore. The Muslim rulers of Palanpur in Gujarat briefly ruled Jalor in the 16th century and it became part of the Mughal Empire. It was restored to Marwar in 1704, and remained part of the kingdom until shortly after Indian Independence in 1947.

Visitor attractions of Jalore[edit]

One of the most important structures within the town is the Topekhana or "the cannon foundry". The building is not in the best of conditions now, but its architecture indicates that this structure must have been awesome in the old days. It was built by "Ujjain King" Vkramditya as a "sansrut Pathshala" for education for his public.But at the time of Muslin Emperor Ala ud din Khilji converted into a Muslim monument. The structure is imposing, with a spacious forecourt and an intricate facade. The colonnade and the ceiling are tastefully carved.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Jalor had a population of 44828. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Jalor has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 46%. In Jalor, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Special[edit]

Jalore was the hometown of Jeevant Kunwar, mother of Maharana Pratap (1572–1597). She was the daughter of Akhey Raj Songara. Rathore rulers of Jodhpur used the Jalore fort to safe-keep their treasure.


References[edit]

  1. ^ Neelima Vashishtha (1989). Sculptural traditions of Rajasthan: ca. 800-1000 A.D. Publication Scheme. p. 6. 
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.