|• Body||Jalpaiguri Municipality|
|• Chairman||Mohan Bose|
|• Total||70.29 km2 (27.14 sq mi)|
|Elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|• Density||1,426/km2 (3,690/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, Hindi, English, Marwari|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-71 WB-72|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jalpaiguri (SC)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Jalpaiguri (SC), Rajganj (SC)|
Jalpaiguri (Pron: ˌʤælpaɪˈgʊəri) (Bengali: জলপাইগুড়ি Jôlpaiguṛi) is a city in the state of West Bengal, India. It is the headquarters of Jalpaiguri district, and the divisional headquarters of the North Bengal region.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Climate
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Civic administration
- 7 Places of interest
- 8 Education
- 9 Sports
- 10 Transport
- 11 Music
- 12 Notable residents
- 13 References
- 14 External links
The name Jalpaiguri may come from the Bhutanese term je-le-pe-go-ri meaning a place where warm clothes are traded, suggesting a trading center. Another suggestion is that it is from the word Jalpal meaning olive, and Guri meaning place. Jalpaiguiri once had many olive trees.
Jalpaiguri is located at  It has an average elevation of 75 metres (246 feet). Jalpaiguri lies in the middle of the vast fertile plains (Terai) south of the Himalayas, watered by innumerable rivers and rivulets rising from and flowing down the Himalayas. On a clear sunny day, Mount Kanchenjunga is visible from the town itself..
The town lies on the banks of the Teesta River, possibly the second largest river in West Bengal after the Ganges. A mass flood in 1968 nearly flattened out the town and huge spurs had to be built and the river diverted to some kilometers outside the town to avoid the same carnage as it caused. Other than Teesta, there are three other rivers passing by the town: Karala, Dharala and Panga.
The tiny River Karala flows through the middle of the town bisecting the town into two halves, thus prompting the remark, 'the Thames of Jalpaiguri'. Karala meets the Teesta some five kilometres south of the town.
The town experiences three seasons, namely Summer, Monsoons and Winter. Summers are tropical and quite hot with temperatures ranging in the mid-thirties.The highest recorded temperature in Jalpaiguri is 40.9 degree Celsius. Monsoons are very severe with the town experiencing high amount of rainfall, sometimes stalling all life and activities. Winters are again quite severe and chilly, with the cold Himalayan winds blowing straight into the town. Temperatures are around 10 to 18 degrees Celsius during this period. The lowest recorded temperature in Jalpaiguri is 2.2 degree Celsius.
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In the 2011 census, Jalpaiguri Urban Agglomeration had a population of 169,013, out of which 85,226 were males and 83,787 were females. The 0–6 years population was 14,522. Effective literacy rate for the 7+ population was 86.03 per cent.
As of 2001[update] India census, Jalpaiguri had a population of 100,212. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Jalpaiguri has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 75%. In Jalpaiguri, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Administration is the responsibility of the Jalpaiguri Municipality, one of the oldest in West Bengal. Setup in 1885, it is headed by a Chairman who is elected by the residents of the town.It has 26 wards,from where the honourable concillors are elected.Presently the municipality is headed by Mr. Mohan Bose.At present the Indian National Congress is in power of this municipal body. The responsibility of the welfare of the town and maintenance of public properties lies in its hands.
Places of interest
- Royal Palace of Baiknthapur Royal Estate, at Rajbaripara. The building has made in the early of twentieth century in place of the old palace made by Raja Jayantadev Raikot. The awe inspiring view of the royal palace gate can definitely catch any spectator. It is Asia's largest reinforced arch structure without any use of concrete.
- Several lakes in Rajbari Palace ground among them, the largest one excavated in the time of Raja Sarbadev Raikot by famous contractor Deenu Gomasta of Dinajpur somewhere around the middle of nineteenth century.
- Raipur Tea Estate,Rangdhamali,Jalpaiguri.
- Jalpaiguri Nawab Bari.
- Jubilee Park, a park located on the spurs of the River Teesta, from where one can get a sprawling beauty of the Sunrise and Sunset
- India's first Forensic Science laboratory in the Police Lines, Racecourse Para.
- King Shaheber Ghat
- Rabindra Bhawan (also called the Arya Natya Samaj), one of the pioneering cultural centre of the city since the early of the twentieth century.
- The River Teesta.
- Teesta Udyan, a children's park along the banks of the River Karala.
- Sarojendra Deb Raikat Kala Kendra, an Art Gallery opposite the Town Club Stadium.
- Town Club Stadium'
- Jogomaya Kalibari, a famous temple dedicated to the Goddess Kali on Temple Street. It also houses a temple of Baba Loknath.
- Durga Puja, especially "The Ravana Badh" at Babupara
- Devi Bhramari Temple near the village of Boda on the banks of river Teesta which is regarded as
- Several Tea Gardens (Karala Valley Tea Garden, Raipur Tea garden, Jaipur Tea garden, Denguajhar T.G.) are very near to Jalpaiguri Town and are worth a visit.
- GOSALA mela near Denguajhar (Organised by Shri Baikunthnath Pinjrapol Gosala)
- Devi Chaudhurani Mandir- It is believed that Devi Chaudhurani the bandit queen from the novel of Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, has her Kali Temple near the bank of Karala and has an underground sub-way till the banks of Teesta.
- Jalpesh Temple An old Shiva temple about 15 km from the town, established more than five hundred years ago.
- Jatileshar Temple- Another ancient temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, from the time of Sen[disambiguation needed] period.
- Jaldapara National Park, about 80 km (50 mi) west of the town.
- Gorumara National Park, a wildlife national park located north towards the northern part of Jalpaiguri district.
- Subham Building the house with beautiful look,and which was honoured by the presence of Desh Bondhu Chittaranjan Das,Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose,Dr Bidhan Chandra Roy,dabi choudhurani kali mandhir was 90 year oldand many other freedom fighters, and which still shows the business sector and techniques to the district.(Verification needed.)
Other than the West Bengal Council of Higher Secondary Education, there are private schools administered by either the CNI or Catholic or other non Christian schools—these schools are affiliated mostly to the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations. Jalpaiguri is home to some of the best known schools under the WBCHSE, like the Zilla School and the Govt. Girls' School, Fanindra Dev Institution (FDI). Karala Girls' School (now Suniti Bala Girls High School) is the oldest girls' school in the region. Jalpaiguri Zilla School is also 125+ years old school. Holy Child School prevails prominent among the ICSE schools.
Universities and colleges
All colleges in the town are affiliated to the North Bengal University, Raja Rammohanpur, Siliguri except Jalpaiguri Government Engineering College which was earlier affiliated to the West Bengal University of Technology. Now JGEC has become autonomous. Ananda Chandra College is the leading science and arts college in the district of Jalpaiguri. A branch of the reputed St. Xavier's College has been set up in the suburbs of the town and is affiliated to North Bengal University. There is a LAW college also in Jalpaiguri.
Jalpaiguri has two main stadium. The Town Club Stadium and the Jalpaiguri Sports Complex.
Jalpaiguri Town Club is a century old club in this town. Other old sports clubs in Jalpaiguri are: JYMA, FUC and JYCC Olympia . SPOOTNIC CLUB at Kamar Para led by Barendra Krishna Bhowmik played an important role in freedom struggle and sports during British Raj Milan Sangha, Mohan Bagan Fans Club,East Bengal Fans Club,Netaji Modern Club 'o' Pathagar (NMC),RSA (Raikatpara Sporting Association),Shakti Sangha, Agragami Sangha, Jagrata Sangha, Tarun Dal, Mohitnagar Club 'O' Pathagar and Sanghasree Club are some other notable clubs of the town.
The main mode of public transport is the rickshaw, city auto and city Bus by NBSTC. Amongst personal transport, people use bicycles and other two-wheelers. Use of four-wheelers is also catching up slowly.
There are several bus stands.
- NBSTC depot. Govt. Buses are available from here.
- Kadamtala Bus Terminus. Private buses to Siliguri are available from here.
- Super Bus Stand. near the Railway Station - Super (or non stop) bus services to Siliguri are available from here.
- Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Private Bus Terminus Netaji Para - Buses to the Dooars region, Cooch Behar, Alipurduar, Mathabhanga, Malbazar etc. are available from here.
- Haldibari Bus Stand at the Bow Bajar - Bus services to Haldibari are available from here
- City Buses has also started functioning regularly from 8 am to 8 pm, at minimal rates.
Jalpaiguri lies in the Northeast Frontier Railway zone of the Indian Railways. There are Railway links to the rest of the country directly and via Kolkata as well(ONLY TWO TRAINS ARE LINKED WITH JALPAIGURI AND REST OF INDIA). The major railway junction is New Jalpaiguri (Code:NJP) is just 40 km from the town. The other stations servicing the town directly are Jalpaiguri Road (Code:JPE) and Jalpaiguri (Code:JPG). Nearly the whole country is connected via the stations of New Jalpaiguri and Jalpaiguri Road. Also all the trains headed towards North-Eastern India pass through Jalpaiguri Road; and many have stops here.
Jalpaiguri has a rich tradition of folk music. Folk music of the Rajbongshis (Original residents of the district) is named "Bhawaiya". Melancholic tune of Bhawaiya can take away all the tireness and sorrow of the listeners. The effect of traditional Bengali song as well as Western music can be easily found here.
- P. K. Banerjee
- Samaresh Majumdar
- Ratan Lal Basu, renowned fiction writer in English
- Samaresh Majumdar, famous Bengali author of novels like Uttoradhikar, Kalpurush, Kaalbela, etc.
- Pradip Kumar Banerjee, renowned football player and coach who represented India at the international level.
- Mimi Chakraborty, Bengali actress
- Nirmal Bose, Senior Cabinet Minister government of West Bengal, Member of Parliament, President Indian Political Science Association
- Gupta, Om (2007). Encyclopaedia of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Isha Books. p. 1086. ISBN 978-8182053892.
- Raha, Manis Kumar (1989). Matriliny to Patriliny: A Study of the Rabha Society. Gian Publishing House. p. 22.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Jalpaiguri
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2011-10-21.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Jalpaiguri travel guide from Wikivoyage
- Jalpaiguri Website
- West Bengal Jalpaiguri District
- Siliguri Jalpaiguri Development Authority