Jam'iyat-e Nesvan-e Vatankhah
Jam'iyat-e Nesvân-e Vatankhâh (Persian: جمعیت نسوان وطنخواه, meaning "Patriotic Women's League of Iran" or "Society of Patriotic Women") (1922–1933), was one of the most active and enthusiastic women's rights societies in Iran's history that formed Women's rights movement in Iran after Constitutional revolution. The Society was set up at 1922 by Mohtaram Eskandari (who was disappointed with the results of the revolution for women), Noor-ol-Hoda Mangeneh, Mastoureh Afshar and other women's rights activists.
Their objectives were "To emphasise continuing respect for the laws and rituals of Islam; to promote the education and moral upbringing of girls; to encourage national industries; to spread literacy among adult women; to provide care for orphaned girls; to set up hospitals for poor women; to organise co-operatives as a means of developing national industries; and to give material and moral support to the defenders of the country in the event of war." Therefore, it was an organization which spent "the most important recorded effort to establish ties with women of the region."
The league had lectures and waged campaigns. In 1932 it organized Oriental Women's Congress in Tehran. The league also published Nosvan Vatankhah [=Patriotic women] journal from 1922, which was an important women's journal.
- Homa Hoodfar (Winter 1999). "The Women's Movement in Iran" (PDF). The Women's Movement Series (1). Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Parvin Paidar. Women and the political process in twentieth-century Iran. Cambridge University Press, 1997, ISBN 0-521-59572-X, ISBN 978-0-521-59572-8
- Eliz Sanasarian. The Women's Rights Movements in Iran. Praeger, New York: 1982, ISBN 0-03-059632-7. (Original from the University of Michigan)
- Mehrangīz Dawlatšāhī. ESKANDARĪ, MOḤTARAM Encyclopædia Iranica
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