Jama Masjid, Jaunpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Jama Masjid
Main arcade facade, Jama Masjid, Jaunpur.jpg
Jaunpur Jama Masjid
Basic information
Location India Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Geographic coordinates 25°45′9″N 82°41′25″E / 25.75250°N 82.69028°E / 25.75250; 82.69028
Affiliation Islam
Territory Uttar Pradesh
District Jaunpur
Ecclesiastical or organizational status Mosque
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Architectural style Islamic, Jaunpur architecture
Completed 1470
Specifications
Dome dia. (inner) 11.4

Jama Masjid or Jama Mosque or Jami Masjid or Bari Masjid is a 15th-century mosque in Jaunpur, Uttar Pradesh, India. It is one of the chief tourist attractions in Jaunpur.

Location[edit]

The mosque is 2.2 km north-northeast of Jaunpur, 7.3 km northwest of Zafarābād, 16.8 km north-northeast of Mariāhū, 26.3 km west-northwest of Kirākat.[1]

Transport links[edit]

  • It is 3 kilometers from the railway junction at Bhandari.
  • There is bus and train services from Varanasi (Benaras), which is 56 kilometers from Jaunpur
  • Lucknow and Mirzapur are the other two cities located 214 kilometers and 69 kilometers away respectively.

Construction[edit]

The Jama Masjid, Jaunpur was built in 1470, under the last ruler of the Sharqi dynasty, Hussain Shah.[2]

Architecture[edit]

Jama Masjid, Jaunpur: Plate 9 from the third set of Thomas and William Daniell's Oriental Scenery, 1802
Jaunpur Jama Masjid, in the 1870s
Main arcade interior showing a vault instead of a traditional dome, Jama Masjid
Two floored exterior facade on the south, Jama Masjid

According to the historians and other experts, the Jami Masjid, Jaunpur, bears a great deal of resemblance with mosques that were built during the reign of Firoz Shah Tughlaq of the Tughlaq Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate. The architectural style is on the guidelines of the Atala Maasjid of Jaunpur.

The magnificent appearance of Jama Masjid at Jaunpur is heightened by a number of factors. The entire structure of Jami Masjid, Jaunpur stands on a plinth that is six meters high. The double-arched, pylon-shaped gate at the entrance presents a majestic sight. The long steps leading to the front gate are also good to view. The main portal lies in the focal point of the facade and stands about 26 meters tall and measures nearly 24 meters at the base. This was again a characteristic feature of the mosques built by the Sharqis.

The feature which can be exclusively traced in Jami Masjid, Jaunpur is a massive rectangular hall meant for prayers. This hall is flanked by tunnel vaults on its sides and is covered by a dome, measuring 11.4 meters in diameter. There are small windows in the dome that allow sunlight to enter into the interior of the Jami Masjid, Jaunpur, thus creating a splendid sight.

Another attribute of Jama Masjid at Jaunpur, which the other holy places in Jaunpur will find hard to match, are the gorgeous decorations that are visible on the walls on the interior and the exterior portions. The bracket and beam construction style is unique in itself.

Current use[edit]

Special prayers are held on Friday of every week. Regular prayers for five times are offered everyday,

In literature[edit]

William Hodges in his book Select Views in India mentions this mosque.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  • Nath, R. 1978. History of Sultanate Architecture. New Delhi, Abhinav Publications, 102-104.
  • Williams, John A. and Caroline. 1980. Architecture of Muslim India. Set 4: The Sultanate of Jaunpur, about 1360-1480. Santa Barbara, California: Visual Education, Inc.