Jamaica College

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
JC CREST.jpg
Floreat Collegium, Fervet Opus in Campis
May the College Flourish, Work is Burning in the Fields
Address
189 Old Hope Road
Kingston 6, Jamaica
Jamaica College is located in Earth
Jamaica College
Coordinates 18°01′09″N 76°45′23″W / 18.0193°N 76.7564°W / 18.0193; -76.7564Coordinates: 18°01′09″N 76°45′23″W / 18.0193°N 76.7564°W / 18.0193; -76.7564
Information
School type Public Secondary school
Religious affiliation(s) Christianity
Denomination Anglican
Founded 1789
Founder Charles Drax
Status Open
Area trustee Dr. Hon. Raby "Danny" Williams
School number (876) 977 – 2314 or (876) 927 – 0925
School code 02058[1]
Chairperson Mr. Michael Bernard
Dean Mr. Andrew Pitkin
Principal Mr. Ruel B. Reid
Vice principal Mrs. Blake Williams (Upper school)
Vice principal Mr. Rohan Wong (Lower school)
Staff 97 (2008)[2]
Grades 7 to 13
Gender Boys
Age range 12–19
Enrolment 1,799 (2008)[2]
Average class size 35
Medium of language English
Hours in school day 6–7 hours
Campus type Urban
School colour(s)          Navy Blue and White
Mascot Griffin
Nickname True Blue, Dark Blues
Accreditation CXC, GCE
Alumni Norman Washington Manley
Chief Minister of Jamaica 1955–59
Premier of Jamaica 1959–62
Michael Manley
Prime Minister of Jamaica 1972–80 & 1989–92
Bruce Golding
Prime Minister of Jamaica 2007–2010
Website

Jamaica College (abbreviated J.C. or JC) is a prominent all-male secondary school located in Kingston, Jamaica. It provides traditional classroom education to its students in a variety of subject areas.[3] The institution caters to students aged 11 to 19 years. First established as a boarding school for boys, Jamaica College has remained a single-sex school with the boarding facilities removed. The school provides education to around 1,800 boys and has over 100 teaching and administrative staff.

During the 18th century when Jamaica prospered as a sugar colony of the British Empire, several large donations were made for the funding of schools. The objective of these bequests was usually to provide free education for the poor of the parish to which the benefactor belonged. Jamaica College is a product of such a bequest.

The institution is widely known in Jamaica for both its academic and sports achievements, and has had the privilege of producing many influential members of Jamaican society, notably former Prime Ministers of Jamaica, Michael Manley and Bruce Golding, and former Chief Minister and Premier of Jamaica, Norman Washington Manley, who is also the father of Michael Manley and the founder of the People's National Party.

History[edit]

Drax Free School[edit]

Jamaica College was founded in 1789, making it the fourth oldest high school in the country. It was first known as the Drax Free School in the parish of St. Ann, and was founded by Charles Drax, a planter of that parish, who was originally from Twickenham, England.[4] Drax came to Jamaica from Barbados in 1721, and left money in his will to establish a charity school in St. Ann.[5] There was some delay and legal proceedings before the money was handed over to the St. Ann vestry.[4] It was in 1802 that the sum of £5,200 (JA$10,400 at the time), was applied by an Act of the Legislature to the endowment of the school.

Jamaica Free School[edit]

The Jamaica Free School was established at Walton, near Moneague, in the parish of St. Ann. The property at Walton Pen was bought for the site of the school, purchased in 1806. A year later, another Act of Legislature gave the school the name, Jamaica Free School. Both the names Drax Free School and Jamaica Free School had nothing to do with the concept of free tuition for attendees, but meant that the school was for the children of free people, not slaves the existence of such was the nature of that era.

Jamaica High School[edit]

The school had its named changed 72 years later. In 1879, during the governorship of Sir Anthony Musgrave, a provision was made by law for the Jamaica Free School to come under the jurisdiction of the Jamaica School Commission.[4] The institution was now to be known under a new name, Jamaica High School. All classes at the time were free so there was no longer a need to call the school Jamaica Free School, but the purpose of the school remained the same until 1903. This law also authorized the removal of the school from Walton Pen in St. Ann in 1883, and classes were conducted at Barbican Great House until mid-1885.[4] The school then had a new headmaster, Reverend (later Archdeacon) William Simms.

The buildings on Old Hope Road were opened on 9 July 1885, by the then Governor of Jamaica, Sir Henry Wylie Norman, and the first classes took place in September of the same year.[4] In September 1890, a college was opened in connection with the school, known as University College.[4] The site at Old Hope Road was also the tropical outpost of the University of London. It was therefore decided that the purpose of the school would be to give secondary preparation to potential students of the University of London who happened to reside in Jamaica. The name revision reflected this change, which became the school's second purpose. Until 1902 there were two separate names for the school's units. Subsequently, Jamaica High School and University College were amalgamated under the name Jamaica College.[4] Therefore, during its history, the school has changed both name and location four times.

Jamaica College[edit]

Given that the sole purpose of Jamaica College from 1903 onwards was to train potential university students in the days when the University of the West Indies did not exist, in practice most students did not go further than fourth or fifth forms. That was considered sufficient education for just about any managerial or clerical job in Jamaica. It was also considered uneconomical to run a school of less than eighty boys, and therefore a deliberate attempt to expand the school to include those of parents who were able to afford the fees was embarked upon. By the 1930s, the student population rose to over one hundred and fifty.

In 1957, the elected government of the day introduced a system of Common Entrance to all High Schools in Jamaica. After some amount of initial resistance by the school board, Jamaica College, previously accessible only to the elite and a few academically extraordinary boys who won government scholarships, was opened up to the masses of Jamaica. The school now provided one of several outlets for secondary education in Jamaica.

Jamaica College developed as a boarding institution until 1967, when that system was removed. Up to that period, the school population was primarily composed of boys from affluent families and heritage. Today, as a day school, it comprises students from a wide cross-section of the community. Over the years, it has nurtured a rich tradition in academic and athletic fields. Its Old Boys continue to play important roles in the religious, political, business and professional services, of Jamaica.[6]

Notably, in 2011, Jamaica College was awarded to be the most innovative high school in Jamaica which is a reflection of the many achievements and special development programmes that have been implemented at the institution in recent times.[7] [8] The award was received through the Unearthing Innovations Project education competition.[9]

Campus[edit]

Continuing in its tradition of excellence and innovation, the campus of Jamaica College was selected as the site for a new outdoor electrical lighting pilot project being led by the Petroleum Corporation of Jamaica in the organisation's efforts to promote renewable energy sources.[10]

Historic buildings[edit]

The Jamaica College campus is currently owned by the Jamaica College Trust. Since 19 June 2000, four buildings on the campus have been declared National Heritage Sites by the Jamaica National Heritage Trust.[4][11]

Simms building[edit]

The Simms building

Built in 1885 of masonry and timber, the Simms building exhibits a combination of Gothic and Georgian features; the projecting central tower and wings are reminiscent of Georgian designs, while the façade's soaring verticals, griffins, and pointed arch openings, are Gothic. The building at Hope was designed at the time to accommodate boarders as well as day students, and was large enough to hold the whole school without difficulty. It now houses the administrative offices, staff room and sixth form classrooms. For over a hundred years, Simms Hall has been the core of the Jamaica College buildings, its strength and durability repeatedly demonstrated by its resistance to hurricanes and earthquakes, including the disastrous Kingston earthquake of 1907.[4]

Scotland building[edit]

Erected in 1889 of brick, mortar, and wood, with iron detailing on the balcony railings, the Scotland building combines a variety of architectural styles including palladian windows on the west elevation, a lower arcaded wrap around verandah, and a steep-pitched cedar shingled hip roof. It was first used as a dormitory, and it now houses classrooms.[4]

Assembly Hall[edit]

Constructed in 1913 of concrete block and steel, the Assembly Hall is wrapped by an arcaded verandah which helps to keep the interior cool.[4] Its hipped roof of cedar shingles is partially concealed by parapet walls. It was originally used as an assembly hall, and it now houses classrooms.[4]

The Chapel[edit]

The chapel was built in 1924. Its walls are constructed of reinforced concrete and concrete breather block. Along the north and south elevations a stepped roof creates a clerestory level for ventilation and defused lighting. The east and west windows of the building are of stained glass. The west window is said to be a replica of St.Dunstan's window at Canterbury Cathedral in England. There is a war memorial which commemorates the memory of the 17 Jamaica College Old Boys who sacrificed their lives during the 1st World War.[4]

The Hendrickson Auditorium[edit]

Since 2006, the Jamaica College Trust has embarked on a 5-year school improvement and renovation programme. One of the projects included the construction of a multi-purpose auditorium. Named after Hon. Dr. Karl Hendrickson, a Jamaica College alumnus who contributed heavily to the construction project, the new Christian auditorium is poised to host the school's formal events, including graduations, prize giving ceremonies, morning devotions, general assembly and theater and music productions. Jamaica College will now be able to comfortably host various indoor sporting events such as basketball, volleyball, badminton and table tennis in the 11,000 sqft structure.[12] The auditorium was opened on 22 November 2010.

The Phillip Gore Building[edit]

During the summer of 2011, four classrooms were refurbished and a fifth constructed on the Jamaica College campus. Because of the contributions of Phillip Gore to the construction of the classrooms, the building has been officially named "The Phillip Gore Building".[13] [14] The building was dedicated to the school on 30 September 2011.

Curriculum[edit]

As a secondary school in Jamaica, Jamaica College follows the traditional English grammar school model used throughout the British West Indies, which incorporates the optional year 12 and 13, collectively known as sixth form. The first year of secondary school is regarded as first form, or year seven, and the subsequent year groups are numbered in increasing order up to sixth form. Students in the upper sixth form (year thirteen) are prepared for their GCE A-level examinations, however the option exists to sit exams after completing lower sixth form (year 12).[15]

Rhodes Scholars[edit]

Since 1904, Jamaica College has had a rich history of producing Rhodes Scholars who have gone on to lead in various capacities both locally and internationally. To date, there have been 15 Rhodes Scholar recipients that attended Jamaica College.[16]

Flight School[edit]

Jamaica College is the first English-speaking high school in the Caribbean to offer an aviation programme to its students. The course is being offered in partnership with a Jamaican company, The Flying Club.[17][18][19] Since 2009, it operates under the Aircraft Training Organisation's (ATO) approval granted to The Flying Club by the Jamaica Civil Aviation Authority (JCAA) for a private pilot's licence ground school.[20]

Robotics[edit]

On 1 December 2009, Jamaica College announced the establishment of a robotics programme and its entry in the FIRST Competition, the premier Robotics Competition in the United States for high school students. The Jamaica College Old Boys Association of New York, Inc., partnered with Jamaica College in the project and spearheaded the creation of the fully outfitted Robotics Lab at the school and promote practical applications of robotics adopted into the school's science education.[21] With this project, Jamaica College marked a return to the robotics competition which started under Ruel Taylor, former principal. This was made possible through a link forged with the IT professional from the Principal's Office at UWI, Mona. So the historic first entry for a Caribbean high school and a school outside the United States in the robotics field began before the 21st century. .[22] [23] In the school's second entry into the competition, the team finished 12th overall. In 2012, the competition was held on 16 and 17 March, with the team finishing second in its division and third in the overall competition. Jamaica College has remained the only representative from outside the US.[24]

Seamanship[edit]

The school continues to broaden the exposure to the students by entering into a memorandum of understanding with the Caribbean Maritime Institute of Jamaica to offer courses and career opportunities in the nautical industry.[25] [26]

Extracurricular[edit]

Activities[edit]

Cadet[edit]

The Jamaica College Cadet Unit (JCCU) is a member of the first battalion of the Jamaica Combined Cadet Force (JCCF). The unit has over 90 members. It is the headquarters company and the first cadet unit in Jamaica.[27]

Chapel Choir[edit]

The Jamaica College Chapel Choir. They have received many accolades for their numerous performances and have demonstrated the rich heritage and diversity that exists in the school's development of its students.[28] [29]

Sports[edit]

As sports has a great influence at the school, inter-school sports is very important to school life. The organisation of the competition is facilitated via the House system. The students are assigned to one of eight houses upon entering Jamaica College. The houses are named after famous past principals of the school.

  • Chambers (gold)
  • Cowper (purple)
  • DaCosta (orange)
  • Drax (maroon)
  • Hardie (green)
  • Murray (blue)
  • Musgrave (red)
  • Simms (rust)

Every year near to or at the end of the school year, there is a sporting competition among the Houses on a day called Sports Day. Football, track and field and basketball and also tennis are a few sports in which student compete to earn points for their houses. The winning house will be crowned champion until next years sports day,the team will also win medals.

Athletics[edit]

Annually, various high schools, athletic clubs and organisations compete in the Wata/Powerade/Jamaica College Track & Field Development Meet. As of January 2013, there has been 20 stagings of the Jamaica College Invitational. The meet, which serves as a qualifying event for the Boys' and Girls' Athletics Championships, is the first official meet on the JAAA[30] local events calendar.[31][32] The meet is sponsored by Wata and Powerade and is organised and hosted on the Jamaica College campus.

As of April 2011, the school has won the boys' title an overall 21 times at the Grace Kennedy and Company Limited-sponsored Inter-Secondary Schools Sports Association (ISSA) Boys' and Girls' Athletics Championships during the event's 101-year history.[33] The athletics team has maintained a promising showing over the recent years, consistently placing in the top five among all the participants.[34] The most recent victory has been achieved in the 2011 edition,[35][36] making the school the current champions and holders of the Mortimer Geddes Trophy. On 2 April 2011, Jamaica College marked the 100th anniversary of their first ever title in 1911 with their first hold on the title since 2000. It was also the first year that the Decathlon and Javelin were contested at the championships, with both events being won by Jamaica College athletes.[37]

The school takes part in the annual Penn Relays Carnival hosted annually since April 21, 1895 by the University of Pennsylvania. Jamaica College has continued to grow from strength to strength in the relay events as well as the field events on offer. As of April 2014, Jamaica College has earned five championship records since participation.[38]

The Hugo Chambers 10K Road Race is a tribute to the late former Jamaica College headmaster and sports administrator, Hugo Chambers. The event takes place in the Liguanea/Papine area. The event is usually organised for October or November annually and includes 1.7 km (1.1 mi), 3.2 km (2.0 mi) and 10 km (6.2 mi) events.

Basketball[edit]

Jamaica College participates in the KFC-sponsored ISSA Schoolboy Basketball Competition as a member of the Southern Conference.[39]

Cricket[edit]

The urban area secondary schools compete annually in the Grace Shield Schoolboy Cricket Competition, a Grace-sponsored schoolboy cricket competition.

Football[edit]

The ISSA Manning Cup Schoolboy Football Competition, was first played in Jamaica in 1909. Jamaica College won the Manning Cup for eight of the first nine years, losing only once in 1920. As of November 2013, Jamaica College has won 25 Manning Cup titles, making them the school with the most wins.[40][41][42][43]

The ISSA/Pepsi/Digicel Schoolboy Walker Cup Knock-out Competition is a knock-out tournament of the top eight teams emerging from the first round of the Manning Cup competition. The number of teams and the knock-out nature of the competition allow for only three rounds of play; the quarter-final round, semi-final round then the final. The Walker Cup is held after the first round and before the inter-zone round of the Manning Cup. In 2009, after a century of schoolboy football history in Jamaica, Jamaica College attained their first hold on the Walker Cup.[44][45]

The Sydney Olivier Interscholastic Challenge Shield is the oldest and most prestigious schoolboy football title in Jamaica. The Olivier Shied, as it is more commonly known, is a two-game playoff which symbolises schoolboy football supremacy as the Manning Cup Champions (who emerge from Jamaica's corporate area schools) are pitted against their rural area counterparts, the DaCosta Cup Champions.[46] Jamaica College have made good on their Olivier Shield acquisitions, having been able to obtain the trophy 75% of the time that they are Manning Cup Champions. As of November 2013, Jamaica College has won the Olivier Shield 18 times.[47] This record, when coupled with Jamaica College's win percentage in the Manning Cup, makes them the most successful high school in Jamaica.[48]

In December 2010, Jamaica College completed a historic triple by winning all the Under-19 schoolboy football competitions on offer during a single season.[49][50] Consequently, Jamaica College was also successful in defending the Walker Cup in the 2010 season of football which meant that this was the first time in the school's history that Jamaica College were the title-holders of both urban area schoolboy football titles – the Manning and Walker Cups. With this milestone accomplishment, Jamaica College has won every schoolboy football title on offer except the Under-16 Colts title since 2005.

In 2014, telecommunications company LIME introduced to Jamaica the LIME Super Cup.[51] The event was marketed as the Champions League of Jamaican Schoolboy Football. In its inaugural year, Jamaica College won the tournament at the final played at Sabina Park in Kingston.[52] [53] The under-19 football team was rewarded an accumulated JA$1M in prize money for their efforts and achievements. The funds are geared towards a school development programme.

There are several special football competitions that are played between traditional rival schools which are most often used as practice for the football season. Since 2004, the football teams of Jamaica College and Calabar High School compete in three age group categories namely the Under-14, Under-16, also known as Colts, and Under-19, that is, the Manning Cup team, along with a special old-boys over-35 match.[54] Both schools vie for the Keane-Crosskill Shield.[55] The competition was created in commemoration of two outstanding individuals – Dr. Keane, a Calabar Old Boy and Hugh Crosskill, a Jamaica College Old Boy who both died in 2004.

Field Hockey[edit]

Jamaica College competes in both the Under-16 and Under-19 divisions of the ISSA-sponsored Jamaica Hockey Federation Hockey League.[56] In 2011, Jamaica College became champions of the Under-19 division[57] and placed third in the Under-16. As of January 2014, Jamaica College is the 3-time Under-19 defending champions.

Insignia[edit]

School crest[edit]

The left half of the school's crest incorporates the red cross of England and the five golden pineapples that is to be found on Jamaica's Coat of Arms. The pineapple symbolizes justice, trust and honour, and each pineapple plant gives its own life to produce a single fruit. Around 1681, Sir Christopher Wren had begun using pineapple finials on churches and since then, the fruit has been recognized as a Christian symbol. The pine cone has a long-held imperial significance. The Romans placed pine cones on their buildings and monuments to symbolize confidence in the administrative, judicial and defensive power of the state. This cross therefore demonstrates the school's Christian background and allegiance and association to Jamaica.

There is an open book in the top right section of the shield to symbolise Bible truth, justice, and the importance of scholarly focus and academic pursuits. A golden griffin against a dark blue background completes the right half of the shield. The griffin, being the combination of the lion (king of beasts) and the eagle (most powerful and recognised bird of prey) represents the best of both creatures in terms of their characteristics and status – similar traits are to be displayed by each student.[58] Finally, the shield is surrounded by a scroll with the school's motto inscribed around the entire circumference.

Motto[edit]

The most commonly used form of the school motto is "Fervet opus in campis". In full, it is "Floreat collegium, fervet opus in campis". The complete Latin motto is literally translated as "May the college flourish, work is burning in the field".[59] The inspiration for the school's motto stems from the harnessing of one's energy and motivation to enable success, especially in study. Students are taught that there must be the "fervet opus", that is figuratively, we must not only strike the iron while it is hot, but strike it till it is made hot. Following on this, a proverb states that "He who has heart has everything" ("che non arde non incende", who doth not burn doth not inflame). It is astonishing how much may be accomplished in self-culture by the energetic and the persevering, who are careful to avail themselves of opportunities, and use up the fragments of spare time which the idle permit to run to waste.[60]

Prayer[edit]

The school prayer reflects the Christian beginnings of the school.

"Bless, O Lord, this College.
Create among us a spirit of comradeship and loyalty to one another.
When we are called to obey, let us obey with willingness.
When we are called to serve, let us serve with gladness.
When we are called to rule , make us rule with justice.
Drive away from us all ignorance and hardness of heart.
All things dishonorable and unclean.
And build us up in body mind and spirit.
Until we come to the full stature of the perfect man,
Jesus Christ our Lord, amen!"[61]

Mascot[edit]

Jamaica College has never had an official mascot although the griffin is almost always cited as one.

Nickname[edit]

The nickname "True Blue" or sometimes "The Dark Blues" is based on the school's official colour of navy blue. Alumni affirm their association with the school by proclaiming to be "True Blue" graduates, loosely associated with the English idiom meaning to be indubitably loyal or faithful.[62] More recently, the team of students who participate in FIRST's Robotics Competition have adopted "Gold Griffins" as a team name, a direct reference to the griffin which is found on the schools' crest.

Alumni Association[edit]

The Jamaica College Old Boys Association (JCOBA) was established in 0000 as a medium for alumni to continually support and represent Jamaica College. The JCOBA holds an annual meeting at the World Bank Building on the school's premises every November. For the Jamaica Chapter, the democratically elected board members convene on a monthly basis. There are other officially recognised chapters located in Toronto, Canada, the state of Florida and New York City, New York.

Notable people[edit]

Alumni[edit]

The school has produced numerous prominent members of Jamaican society including:[63][64]


Academia
Arts and culture
Business and finance
Civil aviation
Clergy
  • Reverend Canon Dr. Robert McLean Thompson, Anglican bishop of Kingston, Jamaica (since 2005).[76]
Journalism
Life sciences and medicine
Military and emergency services
Politics and law
Sporting


Faculty[edit]

The school has been served by several faculties distinguished in their fields including:

Headmasters[edit]

The following lists present the Principals of Jamaica College during its entire history.[90][91]

Drax Free School, Jamaica Free School and Jamaica High School (1789–1885)
Principal Tenure
Rev. G. Ledwich 1810–1815
Rev. L. Bowerbank 1816–1818
Rev. Urquhart Gillespie Rose 1818–1825
Rev. Geo Watson Askew, B.A. 1826–1828
Rev. T. H. Gegg, A.M. 1829– ?
Rev. O. Handford, M.A.  ? –1855
Rev. Morrison Myers 1855–1861
Rev. John Leslie Main, B.A. 1862–1883
Archdeacon William Simms 1883–1885
Jamaica College (1885 onwards)
Principal Tenure
Archdeacon William Simms 1885–1915
Mr. William S. Cowper 1916–1933
Mr. Reginald Myrie Murray, Rhodes Scholar 1933–1941
Mr. Joseph W. S. Hardie (son of Bishop William G. Hardie) 1941–1945
Mr. Hugo Carl Winston Chambers 1945–1960
Mr. Vincent H. Ennever[92] 1960–1964
Mr. William H. Middleton 1965–1970
Mr. Ruel L. Taylor 1971–1993
Mr. Lloyd Bryan 1993–1995
Mr. Tim Akpeti (acting) 1995–1996
Mr. Stuart Reeves 1997–2006
Mr. Ruel B. Reid[59][93] since 2006

indicates principals who attended Jamaica College

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directory of Public Educational Institutions" (PDF). Ministry of Education, Jamaica. 10 October 2005. p. 6. Retrieved 2009-10-04. [dead link]
  2. ^ a b "School Profiles 2008 – 2009" (PDF). Ministry of Education, Jamaica. 13 October 2008. p. 6. Retrieved 2009-11-10. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Jamaica Education Statistics (2008–2009)" (PDF). Ministry of Education, Jamaica. 2008. p. 18. Retrieved 2009-10-05. [dead link]
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Jamaica National Heritage Trust – Jamaica College Buildings". Jamaica National Heritage Trust. 2005. Retrieved 2009-09-04. [dead link]
  5. ^ Charles Drax. "Will of Charles Drax of Twittenham, England" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-10-16. [dead link]
  6. ^ Lauren Campbell (13 March 2012). "Jamaica College". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  7. ^ Andre Lowe (5 April 2011). "JC vision pays off". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  8. ^ Andre Lowe (5 April 2011). "JC 'ecstatic'; foresee dynasty". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  9. ^ "JC awarded 'Best Innovation for 2011'". The Jamaica Gleaner. 6 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  10. ^ Philip Hamilton (23 October 2010). "Energy-Saving Project For Jamaica College (JC)". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  11. ^ "Jamaica National Heritage Trust – List of Declared Sites & Monuments". Jamaica National Heritage Trust. 2005. Retrieved 2009-09-03. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Projects – The Auditorium". Jamaica College Foundation. Retrieved 2010-10-24. 
  13. ^ "Jamaica College Receives Refurbished Block Of Classrooms". Go Jamaica. 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-10-02. 
  14. ^ "JC Opens The Phillip Gore Building". The Jamaica Gleaner. 2011-10-03. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  15. ^ "Academics". Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  16. ^ "Register of Jamaican Rhodes Scholars". 2002. Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  17. ^ Chris Patterson (2009). "Jamaica College Introduces Aviation Course". Jamaica Information Service. [dead link]
  18. ^ "JC takes syllabus to new heights". The Jamaica Gleaner. 21 July 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-25. 
  19. ^ Luke Douglas (21 July 2009). "JC's Aviation Training Ready for Take-off". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2009-09-25. [dead link]
  20. ^ Alessandro Boyd (2012-10-10). "JC aviation programme takes flight". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2012-10-12. 
  21. ^ "Jamaica College adds robotics club". The Jamaica Gleaner. 23 March 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  22. ^ "Jamaica College launches Robotics Programme". The Jamaica Observer. 20 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-01-05. [dead link]
  23. ^ "JamaicaCollegeOnline – Robotics Programme". Retrieved 2010-05-14. 
  24. ^ "JC's Golden Griffins Third In Tech Challenge". The Jamaica Gleaner. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  25. ^ "Jamaica College Expanding Career Choices With New MOU". 26 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  26. ^ "JC To Explore Seafaring". 26 November 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-25. 
  27. ^ "Jamaica College Cadet Unit". Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  28. ^ Marcia Rowe (28 December 2008). "Jamaica College Chapel Choir Magnificent in Performance". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  29. ^ Marcia Rowe (8 January 2012). "Jamaica College Choir Continues Fine-Tuning". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2012-01-22. 
  30. ^ Jamaica Amateur Athletic Association
  31. ^ "JAAA events calendar". Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  32. ^ Kayon Raynor (10 January 2010). "Oniya breaks shot-put record at JC Meet". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2010-01-10. 
  33. ^ "Athletic Championships List of previous winners". Retrieved 2009-09-24. [dead link]
  34. ^ "Jamaican School Athletics Grips the Nation". British Broadcasting Corporation. 30 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-30. 
  35. ^ Andre Lowe (3 April 2011). "Jamaica College, Holmwood rule Champs". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  36. ^ Andre Lowe (4 April 2011). "'It's an amazing feeling'". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  37. ^ "JC's White lands first Decathlon Open". The Jamaica Observer. 2 April 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-03. 
  38. ^ "High School Boys Championship Records". Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  39. ^ "Jamaica Basketball Association – High School Basketball". Jamaica Basketball Association. 18 April 2008. Retrieved 2009-10-20. [dead link]
  40. ^ Ian Forbes. "The Road to the 2007 Championship" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-09-26. [dead link]
  41. ^ Robert Bailey (2 December 2007). "Jamaica College break drought". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  42. ^ Kayon Raynor (2 December 2007). "JC at Last!". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2009-09-26. [dead link]
  43. ^ "Manning Cup Winners". Jamaican Schoolboy Football. Retrieved 2013-11-23. 
  44. ^ Ryon Jones (31 October 2009). "Jamaica College end long wait for Walker Cup". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  45. ^ Dhane Brown (3 November 2009). "JC: Walker Cup champions at last!". The Jamaica Observer (TEENAge). Retrieved 2009-11-05. [dead link]
  46. ^ Kayon Raynor (23 December 2007). "JC capture Olivier Shield". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2009-09-26. [dead link]
  47. ^ "Manning Cup Winners". Jamaican Schoolboy Football. Retrieved 2013-11-23. 
  48. ^ "Jamaican Schoolboy Football – Manning Cup Winners". 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2012-11-03. 
  49. ^ Adrian Frater (12 December 2010). "JC Lift Shield in MoBay". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  50. ^ Paul A. Reid (12 December 2010). "Historic treble! – JC claim Olivier Shield, sweep U-19 titles". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  51. ^ "About LIME Super Cup". LIME (Jamaica). 12 December 2010. Retrieved 2014-09-11. 
  52. ^ Howard Walker (9 November 2014). "JC lift inaugural LIME Super Cup with 2-0 win over 'Trinity'". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2014-11-09. 
  53. ^ Robert Bailey (9 November 2014). "JC lift LIME Super Cup". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2014-11-09. 
  54. ^ Observer Reporter (21 September 2004). "JC hosts inaugural Memorial Shield". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2009-11-30. [dead link]
  55. ^ Carl Spence (22 September 2006). "Calabar, Jamaica College (JC) share title". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2009-11-30. 
  56. ^ "Jamaica Hockey Federation and Inter-Secondary Schools Association School hockey competition". Retrieved 2011-05-28. 
  57. ^ Paul Burrowes (2 April 2011). "JC clinch Under-19 schoolboy title". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2011-05-28. 
  58. ^ Andre Lowe (6 April 2011). "Injured star big motivator as JC lift title". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
  59. ^ a b Ruel B. Reid. "Message from Principal". JC Old Boys Association website. 
  60. ^ Samuel Smiles (1859). "Self Help; with Illustrations of Character and Conduct". Boston: Ticknor and Fields. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  61. ^ Jamaica College School Prayer
  62. ^ "The Phrase Finder – True Blue". Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  63. ^ "JC Old Boys Reunion website". 
  64. ^ "Prominent JC Old Boys". 
  65. ^ Geoffrey Philp (22 October 2008). "Old Boy Pride". Geoffrey Philp's Blogspot. 
  66. ^ "H. D. Carberry Collection – Images of the Caribbean Diaspora: Book Jacket Art". Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois. Retrieved 2010-10-09. 
  67. ^ Kwame Dawes (22 October 2008). "Kwame Dawes, Biography". Kwame Dawes. [dead link]
  68. ^ Karyl Walker (5 January 2007). "Neville Willoughby remembered as a brave soul". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 5 August 2012. 
  69. ^ Athalia Reynolds (15 February 2012). "Tributes to Barclay Ewart in the Senate". Jamaica Information Service. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  70. ^ "Sherwin-Williams – Management Team". Sherwin-Williams. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  71. ^ "Hon. M. M. Matalon, O.J., Deputy Chairman". Scotiabank Jamaica. 2010. Retrieved 2013-11-19. 
  72. ^ "Bank of Jamaica – Father of the Bank". The Bank of Jamaica. 2005. Retrieved 2009-12-26. [dead link]
  73. ^ H.G. Helps (22 June 2014). "A JC man at Flow's control". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2014-11-16. 
  74. ^ "Leadership & Staff". Columbus Business Solutions. 2013. Retrieved 2014-11-16. 
  75. ^ "Captain Russell Capleton was an exceptional human being". The Jamaica Observer. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  76. ^ "New Bishop of Kingston". The Jamaica Gleaner. 1 June 2005. Retrieved 2009-11-05. 
  77. ^ "A Life Less Ordinary". The British Broadcasting Corporation. 22 June 2002. Retrieved 2009-12-26. 
  78. ^ "About Akshai Mansingh, MD". Akshai Mansingh, MD. 2010. 
  79. ^ "Website of the JDF – General Saunders Bio". Jamaica Defense Force. 2009. [dead link]
  80. ^ International Federation Of Consular Associations (FICAC) (2010). "Arnold Foote – Curriculum Vitae". Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  81. ^ Desmond Allen (3 July 2005). "Howard Hamilton: Appointed to defend the weak and the powerless". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2009-09-30. [dead link]
  82. ^ Louis Marriott (16 October 2013). "Seymour 'Foggy' Mullings- A Gentleman From Boyhood". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  83. ^ "Ambassador the Honourable Dr. Richard L. Bernal, OJ". Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  84. ^ Orville Clarke (24 January 2009). "PERFORMER OF THE WEEK". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2010-03-06. 
  85. ^ "Jimmy Adams Cricket – About Jimmy". Retrieved 2009-10-18. 
  86. ^ Jamaica Cricket Association (14 November 2008). "Jamaica Cricket Association (News Release)". Retrieved 2010-09-26. 
  87. ^ Oshane Tobias & Sean Williams (20 May 2013). "Daley aims to shrug off English setback". The Jamaica Observer. Retrieved 2013-10-16. 
  88. ^ NBA bound – Tulsa's Jordan drafted by Milwaukee Bucks
  89. ^ Sacha Wlaters (28 March 2013). "Ian Forbes: Driven By Sports, Volunteerism". The Jamaica Gleaner. Retrieved 2014-04-19. 
  90. ^ "List of Principals of Jamaica College". Jamaica College Old Boy's Association of Canada. [dead link]
  91. ^ Michael Burke. "A Short History of Jamaica College". JC Old Boys Association website. 
  92. ^ Barry Ennever. "Ennever Family History and Ancestry". http://www.ennever.com. 
  93. ^ "Jamaica College principal honoured by Rotary Club". The Jamaica Gleaner. 15 April 2009. 

External links[edit]

Official
Old Boys Associations
General information