Jamaican boa

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Jamaican Boa
Epicrates subflavus
Epicrates subflavus.jpg
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Boidae
Subfamily: Boinae
Genus: Epicrates
Species: E. subflavus
Binomial name
Epicrates subflavus
Stejneger, 1901[1]

The Jamaican Boa[2] or yellow snake[3] (Epicrates subflavus) is a nonvenomous boa species endemic to Jamaica. No subspecies are currently recognized.[2]

Description[edit]

The Jamaican boa is golden yellow around the head and along the front part of the body, with black zigzag crossbars, becoming black toward the posterior end of its body. The snake's body is quite long, up to 2 metres (6 feet 7 inches) in total length.

Geographic range[edit]

Found in Jamaica, including Goat Island. The type locality given is "Jamaica".[1]

Habitat[edit]

Moist limestone forests.

Conservation status[edit]

This species is classified as Vulnerable (VU) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species with the following criteria: A2ce (v2.3, 1994).[4] A species is listed as such when the best available evidence indicates that a population decline of 20% is expected within the next ten years or three generations, whichever is the longer, due to a decline in the quality and area of occupancy. It is therefore considered to be facing a high risk of extinction in the wild. Year assessed: 1996.[5]

Their natural habitat is being destroyed, which is forcing them into inhabited areas, where they are captured and killed. Some measures have been taken to afford these animals some protection:

  • Listed as a Protected species under the Wild Life protection Act (1945).
  • Listed under Appendix 1 of the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora.
  • Hunting in Forest reserves is also prohibited under the Forest Act (1996).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b "Epicrates subflavus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 7 July 2008. 
  3. ^ Jamaican Boa at www.nrca.org. Accessed 3 March 2009.
  4. ^ Epicrates subflavus at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 7 July 2008.
  5. ^ 1994 Categories & Criteria (version 2.3) at the IUCN Red List. Accessed 7 July 2008.

Further reading[edit]

  • Stejneger, L. 1901. A New Systematic Name for the Yellow Boa of Jamaica. Proc. U.S. National Museum 23: 469-470.

External links[edit]