Jamaican Maroon spirit-possession language
|Maroon Spirit language|
|ISO 639-3||None (
Jamaican Maroon spirit-possession language, or simply Maroon Spirit language, is a ritual language used by Jamaican Maroons (who were largely Coromantee) while possessed by the spirits of ancestors during Kromanti ceremonies or when addressing those who are possessed. It is an English-based creole, distinct from usual Jamaican Creole, but similar to the creoles of Suriname such as Sranan.
- Bilby, Kenneth (1983). "How the "Older Heads" Talk: A Jamaican Maroon Spirit Possession Language and Its Relationship to the Creoles of Surname and Sierra Leone". New West Indian Guide/Nieuwe West-Indische Gids 57 (1/2): 37–88.
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