जामालपुर, জামালপুর, जमालपुर, جمالپر
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|• Type||Municipal Council|
|• Body||Jamalpur Municipal Council|
|• Speaker||Shailesh Kumar (Janata Dal)|
|Area||10 km2 (4 sq mi)|
|Area rank||21st in Bihar|
|• Length||4 km (2 mi)|
|• Width||2.8 km (1.7 mi)|
|Elevation||151 m (495 ft)|
|• Rank||15th in Bihar|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)|
|• Official||Maithili, Hindi|
|• Spoken||Angika, Bengali, Hindi, Maithili, Urdu|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Sex ratio||871 females per 1000 males ♂/♀|
"Jamalpur, Bihar" redirects here. For other uses, see Jamalpur (disambiguation).
Jamalpur (Angika: जामालपुर, Maithili: জামালপুর, Hindi:जमालपुर, Urdu:جمالپر) is a suburb and a municipality of the Munger district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is situated 9 km from Munger city center.
The name Jamalpur literally means Jamal (beautiful) pur (town). Jamalpur is best known for the Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop, which employs over 25,000 people at its training institution, The Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. The town was established in 1862 during the British Raj, with the Railways Institute forming its cultural hub.
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Jamalpur is located atat an average elevation of 151 metres (495 ft).
The city is in the Munger district. The city of Munger is 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) northwest of Jamalpur. There is a road as well as a rail link between the two cities, though the rail link is in disuse pending the completion of the Munger Ganga Bridge. Jamalpur is an overnight rail or road journey from Kolkata.
The nearest airport is Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, 199 kilometres (124 mi) away. The nearest international airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport in Kolkata, 460 kilometres (290 mi) from Jamalpur on NH80.
As of the 2011 census[update], Jamalpur has a population of 105,221, with a ratio of 871 females for every 1,000 males. The average literacy rate is 87.38%; for men it is 92.58%, and for women it is 81.40%. There are 12,298 children in Jamalpur aged 0 to 6, with a ratio of 867 girls for every 1,000 boys.
Industry and culture
The Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop was the first full-fledged railway workshop facility in India, founded on 8 Feb 1862 by the East Indian Railway Company. The Jamalpur site was chosen for its proximity both to the Sahibganj loop, which was the main trunk route at the time, and to the communities of gunsmiths and other mechanical craftsmen in Bihar.
The workshop was initially for repairing locomotives, and assembling new ones from salvaged parts. By the early 20th century, however, it had progressed to producing its own locomotives. It produced the first one, CA 764 "Lady Curzon", in 1899. In 1893, it became the site of the first railway foundry in India. It also had a workshop for repairing and building boilers. Today it has a foundry, metallurgical lab facilities, and machine tool facilities. Its rolling mill and nut and bolt shop ceased operation in 1984.
The school attached to the workshop eventually became the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering (IRIMEE).
Places of interest
- JSA Stadium, a football stadium.
- The Jamalpur Golf Course, the site of the annual ITC Golf Tournament.
Jamalpur is well known for IRIMEE, the Indian Railways Institute of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. Other institutes include:
- Notre Dame Academy, Jamalpur: The first Notre Dame school in India, founded in 1950. Notre Dame Academy is a Catholic Institution managed by the Patna Notre Dame Sisters' Society. (See also: Notre Dame Academy, Patna)
- Eastern Railway High School: A high school for railway employees' children, and one of the oldest high schools in the city.
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, Jamalpur - a CBSE-affiliated Kendriya Vidyalaya set up in 1973 with the sponsorship of the Eastern Railway.
- Ananda Marga School
- SVM school
- D.A.V Public School
- Collince International Convent School
- Blue Bells School
- R.B.Hight School
- D.P.S School
- JRS College, Jamalpur
- Jamalpur College, Jamalpur
- International Arch. University
- Jamalpur, Munger (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Jamalpur Gymkhana
- Jamalpur Locomotive Workshop
- Jamalpur railway station
- List of cities in Bihar
- "Jamalpur Coordinates". Tageo.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "Munger Jamalpur Geography". MungerJamalpur.com. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- "Jamalpur City Census 2011 data". Population Census 2011. Census Organization of India. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
- Acosta, Devashish Donald (October 1, 2010). Anandamurti: The Jamalpur Years. Innerworld Publications. ISBN 978-1881717102.
- "Jamalpur Kaali Pahadi". Retrieved 5 May 2012.
- "Pin Code of Jamalpur Munger". citypincode.in. Retrieved 2014-05-19.