||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2010)|
Debbouze at the 2010 Cannes Film Festival
18 June 1975 |
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, producer|
Debbouze was born in Paris, France, but his family, from Taza, moved back to Morocco the following year. They returned in 1979 and settled in Trappes in 1983, in the Paris region, where Debbouze spent the rest of his childhood. He is the eldest of six siblings: Jamel, Mohamed, Hayat, Karim, Rachid and Nawel Debbouze.
On 17 January 1990, at the train station in Trappes, he was struck by a passing train travelling at 150 km/h. He lost the use of his right arm, while another young man, Jean-Paul Admette, the son of the singer Michel Admette from Reunion, died. Debbouze was sued by the victim’s family for manslaughter but the case was dismissed for lack of proof, most of the witnesses retracting. In December 2004, he was going to perform on stage on the French island of Réunion, but Debbouze cancelled, claiming illness, as Michel Admette’s parents had organized a demonstration against his arrival.
In 1995, he was spotted by the bosses of Radio Nova, Jacques Massadian and Jean-François Bizot, who made him famous (Jacques Massadian would become his manager). He debuted on Radio Nova, with a film review show, Le Cinéma de Jamel and on television around 1996-1997 on cable channel Paris Première, in a TV show co-produced by Radio Nova and the channel. He took Le Cinéma de Jamel to television on Canal+ in 1998. On the same channel, he contributed to another show, H, along with Éric Judor and Ramzy Bedia.
In 2006, he played in the historical movie Indigènes (which he co-produced), paying tribute to the North-African soldiers who fought for France during WW2. For this movie, he got the prize for best male actor at the 59th edition of the Cannes Film Festival with Samy Naceri, Roschdy Zem, Sami Bouajila and Bernard Blancan.
In April 2008, Debbouze opened a Comedy Club in Paris, aimed at launching newcomers on the stand-up scene.
He was the chairman of the César Awards 2013.
First works 
In 1990, Debbouze met Alain Degois, an educator who organized theater improvisation workshops, and joined his troupe. With this troupe, he took part in the French Championship of Improvisation in 1991 and toured Quebec and Morocco. In 1992, he got his first part in a film called Les Pierres Bleues du Désert. After this film, Debbouze wanted to work as an actor and create his own show. This happened in 1995 with the show C'est Tout Neuf which had been enjoyed a lot. Then he had an approximative[clarification needed] role on the radio program Radio Nova and took part in the television program Nova Premiere where he was noticed by Canal+.
Debbouze's various shows 
In 1998, Debbouze played Jamel Dridi an operator, in the hospital sitcom, H on Canal+, alongside fellow comedians Eric and Ramzy. By the time the series ended in 2002, Debbouze had achieved national fame.
In March 1999, Debbouze started his new show Jamel en Scène. In this show, Debbouze talked about his beginnings, his childhood and show business. The show played at La Cigale and then at the Bataclan in Paris. He went on tour throughout France in 2000. At the end of the year, he returned to Paris with his show at the Olympia for three weeks.
In 2002, Debbouze returned with a new show, 100% Debbouze. For three years this show played in the top Parisian theaters: the Casino de Paris, the Bataclan, the Zenith, and the Olympia. He then toured France, Morocco, Tunisia, Switzerland and Belgium. The DVD of the show went on sale in 2004, and sold more than 1 million copies.
In 2006, Debbouze became the presenter of a new program, Jamel Comedy Club, which featured a half an hour of the new generation of French humorists each week. With this troupe, Debbouze went to the Casino de Paris in 2007 for a new show, le Jamel Comedy Club Envahit le Casino de Paris. This show was very successful, its run was extended and it also played in Canada.
Cinematic works 
In 1992, the seventeen-year-old Debbouze appeared in his first film, Les Pierres Bleues du Désert. The film tells the story of a young boy who is persecuted because he believes in the existence of blue stones in the desert. It was the first of numerous film roles for Debbouze. In 1996, he played a small part in Les Deux papas et la maman, a film by Jean-Marc Doval with Smaïn and Arielle Dombasle. Three years later he received his first big role in a feature film called Le Ciel les oiseaux et ta ... mère! (Boys on the Beach). This comedy was successful, with more than one million tickets sold. Over the next two years he continued his stage shows, before returning to film with the highly successful Le fabuleux destin d'Amélie Poulain. He was nominated for his part in this film for the César Award of the Best Supporting Actor in 2002. In 2002, Debbouze appeared in another big French film, Asterix & Obelix: Mission Cleopatra directed by Alain Chabat. This successful film was seen by 14,000,000 spectators. In 2005 he had the leading role in Luc Besson's film Angel-A.
In 2006, Debbouze played one of the most important parts of his career in the film Indigènes (Days of Glory in the United States). The film told the story of four African soldiers who participate in the liberation of France during World War II. Debbouze, Samy Naceri, Sami Bouajila and Roschdy Zem shared the prize for the best male performance at the 2006 Cannes Film Festival.
Television work 
In 1996, he took part for the first time in a TV show called Nova première on Paris Première. He was noticed on this show by some producers from Canal+ who hired him to present a show called Le cinéma de Jamel. For New Year's Eve in 2000, Debbouze created a TV show for this occasion called the Jamel show. Numerous French comedians such as Bruno Solo, Alain Chabat, Elie and Dieudonné appeared in this show. In April 2003, he took part in 6 commercials for Orangina.
- Sur la piste du Marsupilami (2012)
- Chicken with Plums (2011)
- Hollywoo (2011) - Farres
- 360 (2011)
- Outside the Law (2010)
- Why I Did (Not) Eat My Father - (2009)
- Parlez-moi de la pluie - (2008)
- Asterix at the Olympic Games - (2008) - Numerobis
- Indigènes - (2006, English title Days of Glory, also a coproducer)
- Angel-A - (2005)
- She Hate Me - Doak (2004)
- Les Clefs de bagnole - Voice of the modelling-clay dog (2003)
- Le Boulet - The Malian guard (2002)
- Asterix & Obelix: Mission Cléopatre - Numerobis (2002)
- Le fabuleux destin d'Amélie Poulain - Lucien (2001, English title: Amélie)
- Granturismo - François (2000)
- Elie annonce Semoun - Various characters (2000)
- Les Petits souliers - Zinedine Haouita (1999)
- Rêve de cauchemar - Saïd (1999)
- Le Ciel, les oiseaux et... ta mère! - Youssef (1999, English title: Boys On the Beach)
- Un pavé dans la mire - The prison guard (1998)
- H - Jamel Dridi (1998–2002, TV Series)
- Zonzon - Kader (1998)
- Y a du foutage de gueule dans l'air - (1996)
- Les Deux papas et la maman - (1996, English title: Two Dads and One Mom)
- Les Pierres bleues du desert - (1992)
|1996||C'est tout neuf|
|1999||Jamel en scène|
|2004||Jamel 100 % Debbouze|
|2007||Le Jamel Comedy Club Envahit Le Casino De Paris|
|2009||Le Jamel Comedy Club Show|
|2010||Made in Jamel|
|2011||Tout sur Jamel|
|2011||Le Marrakech du rire|
- "Le couple Debbouze à Marrakech". Le Figaro. Paris: Société du Figaro. 8 May 2008.
- Johnston, Sheila (3 November 2008). "Jamel Debbouze: France's new superstar". Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved 8 February 2010.
- Marie Jocher et Alain Kéramoal, Jamel Debbouze, la vérité, Seuil, janvier 2008.
- Le Comedy Club, au 42 boulevard Bonne Nouvelle à Paris, dispose d'une salle implantée dans un ancien cinéma parisien qui peut accueillir jusqu’à 120 spectateurs: « La nouvelle scène selon Jamel »
- Jamel Debbouze chante pour Maghreb United
- "Festival de Cannes: Days of Glory". festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
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