James A. FitzPatrick Nuclear Power Plant
|James A. Fitzpatrick Nuclear Power Plant|
|Location||Scriba, Oswego County, near Oswego, New York|
|Commission date||July 1975|
|Nuclear power station|
|Reactor supplier||General Electric|
|Nameplate capacity||838 MW|
|Annual generation||6,918 GWh|
The James A. Fitzpatrick (JAF) Nuclear Power Plant is located in the Town of Scriba, near Oswego, New York, on the southeast shore of Lake Ontario. The nuclear power plant has one General Electric boiling water reactor. The 900-acre (360 ha) site is also the location of two other units at the Nine Mile Point Nuclear Generating Station.
The power plant was originally built by Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation - Fitzpatrick and half of the Nine Mile Point site were transferred to the Power Authority of the State of New York (PASNY) [now called the New York Power Authority (NYPA)]. It was named after Power Authority Chairman James A. FitzPatrick. The reactor is now owned and operated by Entergy.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission defines two emergency planning zones around nuclear power plants: a plume exposure pathway zone with a radius of 10 miles (16 km), concerned primarily with exposure to, and inhalation of, airborne radioactive contamination, and an ingestion pathway zone of about 50 miles (80 km), concerned primarily with ingestion of food and liquid contaminated by radioactivity.
The 2010 U.S. population within 10 miles (16 km) of FitzPatrick was 35,136, an increase of 17.0 percent in a decade, according to an analysis of U.S. Census data for msnbc.com. The 2010 U.S. population within 50 miles (80 km) was 909,798, an increase of 3.2 percent since 2000. Cities within 50 miles include Syracuse (36 miles to city center). Canadian population is not included in these figures, such as Kingston, Ontario, 49 miles to the city center.
The Nuclear Regulatory Commission's estimate of the risk each year of an earthquake intense enough to cause core damage to the reactor at FitzPatrick was 1 in 163,934, according to an NRC study published in August 2010.
- Darlington Nuclear Generating Station — located on the opposite side of Lake Ontario
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- Pickering Nuclear Generating Station — located on the opposite side of Lake Ontario
- Bill Dedman, Nuclear neighbors: Population rises near US reactors, msnbc.com, April 14, 2011 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42555888/ns/us_news-life/ Accessed May 1, 2011.
- Bill Dedman, "What are the odds? US nuke plants ranked by quake risk," msnbc.com, March 17, 2011 http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/42103936/ Accessed April 19, 2011.