Elwyn James Anthony or James Anthony or E. James Anthony, M.D., D.P.M. (born 1916) is a British psychoanalyst and was the co-author, with S. H. Foulkes, of the Pelican Group Psychotherapy: the psycho-analytic approach. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1957. Anthony was a psychoanalyst who trained in London where he began a distinguished career as a child psychotherapist and psychiatrist. He studied child development under Jean Piaget and, after leaving the Maudsley Hospital, occupied the Ittleson chair of child psychiatry, at Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis. He is the author of many papers on Group Analysis, psychoanalysis, and child psychiatry. His collaboration with Foulkes, who became his training analyst, began at Northfield Hospital and in the early 1950s he became a founder member of the Group Analytic Society in 1952. Towards the end of his career he became Director of Psychotherapy at Chestnut Lodge,[clarification needed] where he developed a programme of group psychotherapy for adolescent inpatients.