James B. Cunningham
|James B. Cunningham|
|United States Ambassador to Afghanistan|
August 12, 2012
|Preceded by||Ryan Crocker|
|United States Ambassador to Israel|
June 30, 2008 – June 2011
|President||George W. Bush
|Preceded by||Richard Henry Jones|
|Succeeded by||Daniel B. Shapiro|
James Blair Cunningham (born 1952) is an American diplomat and the United States Ambassador to Afghanistan. Having served as the acting United States Ambassador to the United Nations (January to September 2001), and Deputy Permanent Representative to the United Nations (2001 to 2005, with the rank of Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary), Cunningham served as the Consul General of the United States of America in Hong Kong and Macau from August 2005 to June 2008. He was the U.S. ambassador to Israel from June 2008 to June 2011.
Personal life and career
He has served as the Deputy Chief of Mission, Embassy of the United States in Rome before becoming an ambassador to the United Nations. He has spent most of his career working on European political and security issues, and in multilateral diplomacy.
He served from 1989 to 1990 as Chief of Staff to NATO Secretary General Manfred Woerner. His responsibilities included advising the Secretary General on the entire range of NATO issues in the context of the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and the Soviet Union.
Cunningham became Deputy Advisor for Political Affairs at the United States Mission to the United Nations in August 1990, just after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait. He returned to Washington, D.C., as Deputy Director of the State Department's Office of European Security and Political Affairs in 1992, becoming Director in 1993. As Director, he was involved in many aspects of U.S. policy toward Europe, including NATO, arms control and disarmament, and Bosnia. After a year of senior officer development training, he took up his duties in Rome in August 1996.
As Consul General, (from 2005–2008) Cunningham was responsible for Hong Kong and Macau, both special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China. He is known in Chinese as 郭明瀚 Guō Mínghàn.
Awards and honors
- U.S. State Department Superior Honor Award
- U.S. State Department Meritorious Honor Award
- National Performance Review's Hammer Award
- James B. Cunningham To be Sworn-In as Deputy Representative of the United States of America to the United Nations, December 15, 1999
- "Deputy Ambassador". United States Department of State, U.S. Embassy Kabul. Retrieved 2011-07-11.
- Biography of U.S. Consul General James B. Cunningham - Consulate General of the United States Hong Kong and Macau
- Diplomat James Cunningham to be named U.S. envoy to Israel - Haaretz - Israel News
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to James B. Cunningham.|
|United States Ambassador to Afghanistan
August 12, 2012 – present
Richard Henry Jones
|United States Ambassador to Israel
June 30, 2008 – June 2011
Daniel B. Shapiro
James R. Keith
|Consul General of the United States to Hong Kong and Macau
August 4, 2005 – July 2008
Joseph R. Donovan, Jr.
|United States Ambassador to the United Nations (acting)
January 20, 2001 – September 15, 2001