James Backhouse (botanist)

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James Backhouse (1825–1890) was a botanist, archaeologist, and geologist.

He was educated at Lawrence Street School, (which later became Bootham School[1]), York.

He worked in Norway, Ireland, and Scotland, and was particularly known for his work on the flora of Teesdale. He was a correspondent of Charles Darwin.

He was also a member of the Religious Society of Friends, also known as the Quakers.[2]


  • Desmond, Ray. 1994. Dictionary of British and Irish botanists and horticulturists including plant collectors, flower painters and garden designers. New edition, revised and completely updated with the assistance of Christine Ellwood. London: Taylor & Francis & the Natural History Museum, 1994.